How to format your references using the Annual Review of Environment and Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Environment and Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. 2000. Doubts and uncertainties slow NASA’s schedule. Nature. 405(6782):4
A journal article with 2 authors
Cho MK, Relman DA. 2010. Genetic technologies. Synthetic “life,” ethics, national security, and public discourse. Science. 329(5987):38–39
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohr RP, Saavedra S, Bascompte J. 2014. Ecological networks. On the structural stability of mutualistic systems. Science. 345(6195):1253497
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hofmann DC, Suh J-Y, Wiest A, Duan G, Lind M-L, et al. 2008. Designing metallic glass matrix composites with high toughness and tensile ductility. Nature. 451(7182):1085–89

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C. 2016. Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hierons RM, Bowen JP, Harman M, eds. 2008. Formal Methods and Testing: An Outcome of the FORTEST Network, Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 4949. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XIII, 367 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Aronoff CE, McClure SL, Ward JL. 2011. Developing Effective Successors. In Family Business Succession: The Final Test of Greatness, ed SL McClure, JL Ward, pp. 33–50. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Environment and Resources.

Blog post
Evans K. 2017. Scott Pruitt Blocks Scheduled Ban On Pesticide Despite EPA’s Evidence It Damages Kids’ Brains. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Trade Adjustment Assistance: Labor Awarded Community College Grants in Accordance with Requirements, but Needs to Improve Its Process. GAO-12-954, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Catalini M. 2012. Intrinsic rewards increase job performance within an organization. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik JF. 2017. Death Is Inevitable. Financial Turmoil Afterward Isn’t. New York Times, Jan. 13, p. B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Environment and Resources
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Environ. Resour.
ISSN (print)1543-5938
ISSN (online)1545-2050
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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