How to format your references using the Annual Review of Environment and Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Environment and Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes N. 2010. Publish your computer code: it is good enough. Nature. 467(7317):753
A journal article with 2 authors
Pattabiraman VR, Bode JW. 2011. Rethinking amide bond synthesis. Nature. 480(7378):471–79
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers JA, Lagally MG, Nuzzo RG. 2011. Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes. Nature. 477(7362):45–53
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xie ZQ, Bai J, Zhou YS, Gao Y, Park J, et al. 2014. Control of crystallographic orientation in diamond synthesis through laser resonant vibrational excitation of precursor molecules. Sci. Rep. 4:4581

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coutts J. 2013. Loft Conversions. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
An edited book
Ras ZW, Tsay L-S, eds. 2010. Advances in Intelligent Information Systems, Vol. 265. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. X, 367 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kounine L. 2016. Satanic Fury: Depictions of the Devil’s Rage in Nicolas Remy’s Daemonolatria. In Emotions in the History of Witchcraft, ed L Kounine, M Ostling, pp. 57–76. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Environment and Resources.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2015. How Well Did Back To The Future Predict Our Lives In 2015? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Federal Short Takeoff and Landing Transport Programs: Status and Needs. PSAD-76-172, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zuckerman T. 2017. The Effect of Communication Between Parents and their Emerging Adult Offspring on Depression and Career Search Self-efficacy. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2011. Rhode Island Steps In for City. New York Times, Nov. 15, p. A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Environment and Resources
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Environ. Resour.
ISSN (print)1543-5938
ISSN (online)1545-2050
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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