How to format your references using the Annual Review of Environment and Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Environment and Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. 2004. Nuts and bolts. Seeking feedback. Nature. 430(6999):592
A journal article with 2 authors
Gelbart WM, Knobler CM. 2009. Virology. Pressurized viruses. Science. 323(5922):1682–83
A journal article with 3 authors
Sadqi M, Fushman D, Muñoz V. 2006. Atom-by-atom analysis of global downhill protein folding. Nature. 442(7100):317–21
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Caridi CP, D’Agostino C, Ryu T, Zapotoczny G, Delabaere L, et al. 2018. Nuclear F-actin and myosins drive relocalization of heterochromatic breaks. Nature. 559(7712):54–60

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schweiker W. 2010. Dust that Breathes. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Palese P, ed. 2005. Modulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by Viruses. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XIV, 304 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Du D-Z, Wan P-J. 2013. Weighted CDS in Unit Disk Graph. In Connected Dominating Set: Theory and Applications, ed P-J Wan, pp. 77–104. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Environment and Resources.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Meet The Parasitic Worm That Kills Giant Pandas. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Operational Test and Evaluation Costs. IMTEC-88-18BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergemann E. 2009. Exploring psychotherapist empathic attunement from a psychoneurobiological perspective: Is empathy enhanced by yoga and meditation? Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2017. Halsey Reaches the Top Of the Billboard Chart. New York Times, June 12, p. C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Environment and Resources
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Environ. Resour.
ISSN (print)1543-5938
ISSN (online)1545-2050
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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