How to format your references using the Annual Review of Environment and Resources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Environment and Resources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton JD. 2008. Physiology. Unfolding lipid metabolism. Science. 320(5882):1433–34
A journal article with 2 authors
Sillanpää MA, Hakonen PJ. 2014. Optomechanics: Hardware for a quantum network. Nature. 507(7490):45, 47
A journal article with 3 authors
Willis KJ, Gillson L, Brncic TM. 2004. Ecology. How “virgin” is virgin rainforest? Science. 304(5669):402–3
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Borozdin KN, Hogan GE, Morris C, Priedhorsky WC, Saunders A, et al. 2003. Surveillance: Radiographic imaging with cosmic-ray muons. Nature. 422(6929):277

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Bosse JG. 2002. Signaling in Telecommunication Networks. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pawankar R, Holgate ST, Rosenwasser LJ, eds. 2010. Allergy Frontiers: Therapy and Prevention, Vol. 5. Tokyo: Springer Japan
A chapter in an edited book
Marasinghe MG, Kennedy WJ. 2008. Statistical Analysis of Regression Models. In SAS for Data Analysis: Intermediate Statistical Methods, ed WJ Kennedy, pp. 1–87. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Environment and Resources.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Ten Years After The De Menezes Killing, We’re No Better At Identifying Faces. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Information Resources: Management Improvements Essential for Key Agriculture Automated Systems. IMTEC-90-85, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang H. 2008. Studies of Zeolite-Based Artificial Photosynthetic Systems. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haberman M, Thrush G, Schmidt MS, Baker P. 2017. How Festering Anger at Comey Ended in Firing. New York Times, May 10, p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Environment and Resources
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Environ. Resour.
ISSN (print)1543-5938
ISSN (online)1545-2050
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science

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