How to format your references using the Metabolites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. Success in an Uneven Market. Nature 2003, 424, 597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trauger, J.T.; Traub, W.A. A Laboratory Demonstration of the Capability to Image an Earth-like Extrasolar Planet. Nature 2007, 446, 771–773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnold, K.E.; Owens, I.P.F.; Marshall, N.J. Fluorescent Signaling in Parrots. Science 2002, 295, 92.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chow, S.S.; Wilke, C.O.; Ofria, C.; Lenski, R.E.; Adami, C. Adaptive Radiation from Resource Competition in Digital Organisms. Science 2004, 305, 84–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer-Moore, D.; Moore, M. Destructive Myths in Family Therapy; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781119943266.
An edited book
Research and the Quality of Science Education; Boersma, K., Goedhart, M., Jong, O. de, Eijkelhof, H., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005; ISBN 9781402036729.
A chapter in an edited book
Reid, C.; Collins, J.; Singh, M. The Capital Reconversion of Global Teachers in Australia. In Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee; Collins, J., Singh, M., Eds.; Springer: Singapore, 2014; pp. 85–103 ISBN 9789814451352.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolites.

Blog post
Andrews, R. A New Volcano May Be Emerging Beneath A Small New Zealand Town (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Insights Into CETA’s In-School Youth Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, B. A Drug and Alcohol Education and Prevention Program for Hispanic Families: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K.; Schwirtz, M. Amid Rikers Chaos, Jails Chief Often Left Town. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolites
ISSN (online)2218-1989
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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