How to format your references using the Metabolites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellman, I. Private Lives: Reflections and Challenges in Understanding the Cell Biology of the Immune System. Science 2007, 317, 625–627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheehan, P.M.; Harris, M.T. Microbialite Resurgence after the Late Ordovician Extinction. Nature 2004, 430, 75–78.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hicks, W.M.; Kim, M.; Haber, J.E. Increased Mutagenesis and Unique Mutation Signature Associated with Mitotic Gene Conversion. Science 2010, 329, 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liberale, C.; Cojoc, G.; Bragheri, F.; Minzioni, P.; Perozziello, G.; La Rocca, R.; Ferrara, L.; Rajamanickam, V.; Di Fabrizio, E.; Cristiani, I. Integrated Microfluidic Device for Single-Cell Trapping and Spectroscopy. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, H.; Lee, E.K. Healthcare Analytics: From Data to Knowledge to Healthcare Improvement; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, New Jersey, 2016; ISBN 9781118919392.
An edited book
New Frontiers of Nanoparticles and Nanocomposite Materials: Novel Principles and Techniques; Öchsner, A., Shokuhfar, A., Eds.; Advanced Structured Materials; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 4; ISBN 9783642146961.
A chapter in an edited book
Siebel, N.T.; Sommer, G.; Kassahun, Y. Evolutionary Learning of Neural Structures for Visuo-Motor Control. In Computational Intelligence in Medical Informatics; Kelemen, A., Abraham, A., Liang, Y., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 93–115 ISBN 9783540757665.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolites.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How the Natural World Has Helped Influence Culture and Society Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Reduction in Demonstration Project Funding; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janairo, B. Recovering Together: A Psychosocial Support Group for Young Adults with Schizophrenia and the People in Their Lives: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Onyekwe Is Penn’s Stoic Scorer. New York Times 2002, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolites
ISSN (online)2218-1989
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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