How to format your references using the Metabolites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cooper, B. Turing centenary: The incomputable reality. Nature 2012, 482, 465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salzman, H.; Lowell, L. Making the grade. Nature 2008, 453, 28–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, J.S.; Shimomura, K.; Kumar, V. Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms. Science 2008, 322, 909–912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Im, K.; Jeong, D.; Hur, J.; Kim, S.-J.; Hwang, S.; Jin, K.S.; Park, N.; Kim, K. Robust analysis of synthetic label-free DNA junctions in solution by X-ray scattering and molecular simulation. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haupt, R.L. Timed Arrays; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119071822.
An edited book
Advanced Techniques in Web Intelligence-2: Web User Browsing Behaviour and Preference Analysis; Velásquez, J.D., Palade, V., Jain, L.C., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 452; ISBN 9783642333255.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, J.; Zhang, Q.; Huang, X. Personalized Hashtag Suggestion for Microblogs. In Social Media Processing: 4th National Conference, SMP 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 16-17, 2015, Proceedings; Zhang, X., Sun, M., Wang, Z., Huang, X., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Singapore, 2015; pp. 38–50 ISBN 9789811000799.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolites.

Blog post
Hale, T. Zelda The Ferret Receives A Pacemaker Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pundir, B. Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Team of 7 From Finance and Law to Oversee Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Affairs. New York Times 2016, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolites
ISSN (online)2218-1989
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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