How to format your references using the Metabolites citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolites. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. Nobel laureate slams misconduct smear. Nature 2003, 421, 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Small, E.M.; Olson, E.N. Pervasive roles of microRNAs in cardiovascular biology. Nature 2011, 469, 336–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh, S.; Sood, A.K.; Kumar, N. Carbon nanotube flow sensors. Science 2003, 299, 1042–1044.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coey, J.M.D.; Venkatesan, M.; Fitzgerald, C.B.; Douvalis, A.P.; Sanders, I.S. Ferromagnetism of a graphite nodule from the Canyon Diablo meteorite. Nature 2002, 420, 156–159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, G. Designing and Developing Scalable IP Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005; ISBN 9780470867419.
An edited book
The Japanese Macaques; Nakagawa, N., Nakamichi, M., Sugiura, H., Eds.; Primatology Monographs; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2010; Vol. 0; ISBN 9784431538851.
A chapter in an edited book
Wojnarski, M.; Stawicki, S.; Wojnarowski, P. System for Automated Evaluation of Algorithms in Repeatable Experiments. In Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 7th International Conference, RSCTC 2010, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30,2010. Proceedings; Szczuka, M., Kryszkiewicz, M., Ramanna, S., Jensen, R., Hu, Q., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 20–29 ISBN 9783642135286.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolites.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Neurons Erase Old Memories In Mice Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aircraft Maintenance: FAA Needs to Follow Through on Plans to Ensure the Safety of Aging Aircraft; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishna, S. Pediatric Pal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fisher, I.; Hubbard, B. Awash in Turmoil, Arab World Leaves Two-State Goal Adrift. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolites
ISSN (online)2218-1989
Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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