How to format your references using the Annual Review of Animal Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Animal Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leadlay PF. 2014. Structural biology: enzyme assembly line pictured. Nature. 510(7506):482–83
A journal article with 2 authors
Eccleston A, Skipper M. 2009. Transcribing the genome. Nature. 461(7261):185
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp C, Skipper M, Weiss U. 2012. Gut microbes and health. Nature. 489(7415):219
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Geffeney S, Brodie ED Jr, Ruben PC, Brodie ED 3rd. 2002. Mechanisms of adaptation in a predator-prey arms race: TTX-resistant sodium channels. Science. 297(5585):1336–39

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C. 2016. Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Altenbach H, Öchsner A, eds. 2010. Cellular and Porous Materials in Structures and Processes, Vol. 521. Vienna: Springer. XII, 334 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Eichstädt T. 2008. Applying Auction Theory to Procurement Auctions – An Empirical Study Among German Corporations. In Negotiation, Auctions, and Market Engineering: International Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 12-17, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, ed H Gimpel, NR Jennings, GE Kersten, A Ockenfels, C Weinhardt, pp. 58–67. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Animal Biosciences.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. Humans Are Still Evolving But In Ways That Might Surprise You. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government. T-IMTEC-89-9, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wick HF. 2001. Applying Natural Horn Technique to Modern Valved Horn Performance Practice. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2017. Theater; The Terrain Where Generations Meet. New York Times, Sep. 22, p. AR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Animal Biosciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anim. Biosci.
ISSN (print)2165-8102
ISSN (online)2165-8110
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles