How to format your references using the Annual Review of Animal Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Animal Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thauer RK. 2001. Enzymology. Nickel to the fore. Science. 293(5533):1264–65
A journal article with 2 authors
Divakaruni AS, Murphy AN. 2012. Cell biology. A mitochondrial mystery, solved. Science. 337(6090):41–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Sommer MOA, Dantas G, Church GM. 2009. Functional characterization of the antibiotic resistance reservoir in the human microflora. Science. 325(5944):1128–31
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Helmuth B, Harley CDG, Halpin PM, O’Donnell M, Hofmann GE, Blanchette CA. 2002. Climate change and latitudinal patterns of intertidal thermal stress. Science. 298(5595):1015–17

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pashley RM, Karaman ME. 2005. Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Dator JA. 2015. Mutative Media: Communication Technologies and Power Relations in the Past, Present, and Futures. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XVII, 208 p. 19 illus., 13 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Yumoto M, Daikoku T. 2016. Basic Function. In Clinical Applications of Magnetoencephalography, ed S Tobimatsu, R Kakigi, pp. 97–112. Tokyo: Springer Japan

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Animal Biosciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Elephants Sleep The Least Of Any Mammal – Just Two Hours A Day. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Responses to Questions on FAA’s Computer Security and Year 2000 Program. AIMD-98-301R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bade LL. 2010. Extending the benefits of alcohol and drug treatment: An exploration of volunteer utilization and delivery of recovery services. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2006. Justices Order Rethinking Of eBay Case. New York Times, May 16, p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Animal Biosciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anim. Biosci.
ISSN (print)2165-8102
ISSN (online)2165-8110
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles