How to format your references using the Annual Review of Animal Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Animal Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pauwels E. 2013. Communication: Mind the metaphor. Nature. 500(7464):523–24
A journal article with 2 authors
Annas GJ, Elias S. 2004. Politics, morals and embryos. Nature. 431(7004):19–20
A journal article with 3 authors
Narayan V, Ramaswamy S, Menon N. 2007. Long-lived giant number fluctuations in a swarming granular nematic. Science. 317(5834):105–8
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang J, Qi J, Zhao H, He S, Zhang Y, et al. 2013. Metagenomic sequencing reveals microbiota and its functional potential associated with periodontal disease. Sci. Rep. 3:1843

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem JM. 2011. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hoop H de, Swart P de, eds. 2009. Differential Subject Marking, Vol. 72. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XII, 312 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Malemud CJ. 2013. Regulation of Chondrocyte Matrix Metalloproteinase Gene Expression. In Proteases in Health and Disease, ed S Chakraborti, NS Dhalla, pp. 63–77. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Animal Biosciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Eight-Year-Old Dies Of Polio In Laos. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Disadvantaged Students: School Districts Have Used Title I Funds Primarily to Support Instruction. GAO-11-595, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas CC. 2014. Emergency department utilization patterns in patients with diabetes. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled B Y. 2004. Arts, Briefly; Rachmaninoff Score Unsold. New York Times, Dec. 14, p. E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Animal Biosciences
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Anim. Biosci.
ISSN (print)2165-8102
ISSN (online)2165-8110
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles