How to format your references using the Geriatric Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geriatric Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cyranoski D. Critics slam treatment for SARS as ineffective and perhaps dangerous. Nature. 2003;423(6935):4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Thiel PA, Dubois JM. Quasicrystals. Electrons in a strange sea. Nature. 2000;406(6796):570-571, 573.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Whitfield CW, Cziko A-M, Robinson GE. Gene expression profiles in the brain predict behavior in individual honey bees. Science. 2003;302(5643):296-299.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chin JW, Cropp TA, Anderson JC, Mukherji M, Zhang Z, Schultz PG. An expanded eukaryotic genetic code. Science. 2003;301(5635):964-967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Laster B. Professional Git®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Ikeuchi K, ed. Computer Vision: A Reference Guide. Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Annunziata CM, Roque DM, Azad N, Kohn EC. Application of Serum and Tissue Proteomics to Understand and Detect Solid Tumors. In: Daoud SS, ed. Cancer Proteomics: From Bench to Bedside. Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Humana Press; 2008:101-120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geriatric Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. World Set For Hottest Year On Record: World Meteorological Organization. IFLScience. Published November 16, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/world-set-for-hottest-year-on-record-world-meteorological-organization/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal R&D Laboratories--Directors’ Perspectives on Management. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Evans MD. A Correlational Analysis of Teacher Observation Scores and Student Achievement. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. MetLife Will Repatriate an Offshore Reinsurance Unit to Mollify Regulators. New York Times. May 22, 2013:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGeriatric Nursing
AbbreviationGeriatr. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0197-4572
ScopeGerontology

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