How to format your references using the Research in Organizational Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Organizational Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2003). Clouded vision. Nature, 422(6929), 356–357.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin, H.-J., & Kaplan, D. L. (2003). Mechanism of silk processing in insects and spiders. Nature, 424(6952), 1057–1061.
A journal article with 3 authors
El-Ali, J., Sorger, P. K., & Jensen, K. F. (2006). Cells on chips. Nature, 442(7101), 403–411.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sugimoto, Y., Pou, P., Abe, M., Jelinek, P., Pérez, R., Morita, S., & Custance, O. (2007). Chemical identification of individual surface atoms by atomic force microscopy. Nature, 446(7131), 64–67.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, T. (2016). Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zuniga, M., & Dini, G. (Eds.). (2013). Sensor Systems and Software: 4th International ICST Conference, S-Cube 2013, Lucca, Italy, June 11-12, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 122). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Thurner, S. (2011). A Simple General Model of Evolutionary Dynamics. In H. Meyer-Ortmanns & S. Thurner (Eds.), Principles of Evolution: From the Planck Epoch to Complex Multicellular Life (pp. 119–144). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Organizational Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 12). There Is Still A Glimmer of Hope for Jade Rabbit. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Response to the Department of Education’s Request to Reconsider the High-Risk Designation of Federal Student Aid Programs (GAO-03-885R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, M. C. (2015). Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A historical and performance practice guide for the violinist [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erard, M. (2017, October 18). The Content of Their Characters. New York Times, MM35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jin & Kaplan, 2003; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jin & Kaplan, 2003)
  • Three authors: (El-Ali et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sugimoto et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Organizational Behavior
AbbreviationRes. Organ. Behav.
ISSN (print)0191-3085
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Psychology

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