How to format your references using the Statistics in Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bishop DVM (2013) Cerebral asymmetry and language development: cause, correlate, or consequence? Science 340:1230531
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Catlos EJ, Sorensen SS (2003) Phengite-based chronology of K- and Ba-rich fluid flow in two paleosubduction zones. Science 299:92–95
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee H, Chah O-K, Sheen J (2011) Stem-cell-triggered immunity through CLV3p-FLS2 signalling. Nature 473:376–379
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kelly BT, McCoy AJ, Späte K, et al (2008) A structural explanation for the binding of endocytic dileucine motifs by the AP2 complex. Nature 456:976–979

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rahman ROA, Rakhimov RZ, Rakhimova NR, Ojovan MI (2014) Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Correia L, Reis LP, Cascalho J (2013) Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 16th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2013, Angra do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal, September 9-12, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Perrin C, Blagden N (2016) Movements Towards Desistance via Peer-Support Roles in Prison. In: Abrams LS, Hughes E, Inderbitzin M, Meek R (eds) The Voluntary Sector in Prisons: Encouraging Personal and Institutional Change. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 115–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biosciences.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) Boeing Delays Launch Of Its New Manned Spacecraft To 2018. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/boeing-delays-launch-its-new-manned-spacecraft-2018/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Set-Aside Funding for Assistance to Older Workers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Webb CT (2009) “The mirroring that binds into freedom”: Stevens, Jeffers, Heidegger and the inhuman. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2007) Storefront Takeout, From Scratch. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biosciences
AbbreviationStat. Biosci.
ISSN (print)1867-1764
ISSN (online)1867-1772
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability

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