How to format your references using the Statistics in Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Turekian KK (2003) Obituary: Harmon Craig (1926-2003). Nature 423:701
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gundersen GG, Bretscher A (2003) Cell biology. Microtubule asymmetry. Science 300:2040–2041
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Osta MA, Christophides GK, Kafatos FC (2004) Effects of mosquito genes on Plasmodium development. Science 303:2030–2032
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Koebel CM, Vermi W, Swann JB, et al (2007) Adaptive immunity maintains occult cancer in an equilibrium state. Nature 450:903–907

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Huang F, Klette R, Scheibe K (2008) Panoramic Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Galizia CG, Eisenhardt D, Giurfa M (2012) Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior: A Tribute to Randolf Menzel. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Braissant O, Bachmann C, Henry H (2007) Expression and Function of Agat, Gamt and CT1 in the Mammalian Brain. In: Salomons GS, Wyss M (eds) Creatine and Creatine Kinase in Health and Disease. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 67–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biosciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Newly Discovered 17th Century Document Described Now-Extinct Mauritian Wildlife. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Advance Sheets: Volume 74, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yi M (2015) Interrater reliability between novice and expert functional movement screen raters. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) As Storm Exits, Paths Lead to Open. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biosciences
AbbreviationStat. Biosci.
ISSN (print)1867-1764
ISSN (online)1867-1772
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability

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