How to format your references using the Statistics in Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wollman R (2014) Development. Counting the ways to decode dynamic signals. Science 343:1326–1327
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ramesh KV, Goswami P (2014) Assessing reliability of regional climate projections: the case of Indian monsoon. Sci Rep 4:4071
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bustamante C, Bryant Z, Smith SB (2003) Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics. Nature 421:423–427
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Birnbaum K, Shasha DE, Wang JY, et al (2003) A gene expression map of the Arabidopsis root. Science 302:1956–1960

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wassenaar TM (2011) Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Eckold G, Schober H, Nagler SE (2010) Studying Kinetics with Neutrons: Prospects for Time-Resolved Neutron Scattering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Winzer T, Malić E, Knorr A (2013) Graphene Bloch Equations. In: Egger R, Matrasulov D, Rakhimov K (eds) Low-Dimensional Functional Materials. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 35–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biosciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Super-Salty Murderous “Deadpool” Lurks At The Bottom Of The Gulf Of Mexico. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1978) Determination of Costs Relating to the Environmental Education Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Choi Y-J (2003) Function of Commissureless and Related Genes in Drosophila Neural Development. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2013) Latest Twist at Bolshoi: Director Is Pushed Out. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biosciences
AbbreviationStat. Biosci.
ISSN (print)1867-1764
ISSN (online)1867-1772
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability

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