How to format your references using the Statistics in Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowerman B (2008) Cell signaling. Wnt moves beyond the canon. Science 320:327–328
A journal article with 2 authors
Shannon MF, Rao S (2002) Transcription. Of chips and ChIPs. Science 296:666–669
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen BA, Hewins RH, Yu Y (2000) Evaporation in the young solar nebula as the origin of “just-right” melting of chondrules. Nature 406:600–602
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Barletta VR, Bevis M, Smith BE, et al (2018) Observed rapid bedrock uplift in Amundsen Sea Embayment promotes ice-sheet stability. Science 360:1335–1339

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen S (2005) Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kalichman SC (2005) Positive Prevention: Reducing HIV Transmission among People Living with HIV/AIDS. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Fujiwara H, Araki Y, Sato Y, et al (2016) Role of Circulating Blood Cells in Maternal Tissue Remodeling and Embryo-Maternal Cross Talk. In: Kanzaki H (ed) Uterine Endometrial Function. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biosciences.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) First-Ever Species Of Cave Fish Discovered In Europe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) School Facilities: Accessibility for the Disabled Still an Issue. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews M (2014) Health literacy competencies for health professionals: A Delphi study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF (2010) Man Of Steel Lands On the iPhone. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biosciences
AbbreviationStat. Biosci.
ISSN (print)1867-1764
ISSN (online)1867-1772
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability

Other styles