How to format your references using the Statistics in Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eisenberg L (2000) Seymour S. Kety (1915-2000). Nature 406:472
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yuan H, Romanowicz B (2010) Lithospheric layering in the North American craton. Nature 466:1063–1068
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Purdy TP, Peterson RW, Regal CA (2013) Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science 339:801–804
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Diskin R, Scheid JF, Marcovecchio PM, et al (2011) Increasing the potency and breadth of an HIV antibody by using structure-based rational design. Science 334:1289–1293

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Adhikari S (2013) Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA
An edited book
1.
Duca G (2014) Management of Water Quality in Moldova. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Battaglini L, Burrascano P, Canova A, et al (2011) Non-destructive Control of Metallic Plate with Magnetic Techniques. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, Lay-Ekuakille A, Fuchs A (eds) New Developments and Applications in Sensing Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 107–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biosciences.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2016) Scientists Transform Skin Cells Into Beating Heart Tissue And Brain Cells. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/chemical-cocktail-turns-skin-cells-beating-heart-tissue-and-brain-cells/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2013) Federal-Aid Highways: Improved Guidance Could Enhance States’ Use of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis in Pavement Selection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stroot PG (2004) Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
St. John Kelly E (1997) With Historic Brownstone Gone, Is Development at Hand? New York Times 1410

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biosciences
AbbreviationStat. Biosci.
ISSN (print)1867-1764
ISSN (online)1867-1772
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Statistics and Probability

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