How to format your references using the BioPsychoSocial Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioPsychoSocial Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bretag AH. Stem cell treatment of dystrophic dogs. Nature. 2007;450:E23; discussion E23-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Skubi KL, Yoon TP. Organic chemistry: Shape control in reactions with light. Nature. 2014;515:45–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Huang J, Lesser CF, Lory S. The essential role of the CopN protein in Chlamydia pneumoniae intracellular growth. Nature. 2008;456:112–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bunker DE, Declerck F, Bradford JC, Colwell RK, Perfecto I, Phillips OL, et al. Species loss and aboveground carbon storage in a tropical forest. Science. 2005;310:1029–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grigorenko YN, Chilingar GV, Sobolev VS, Andiyeva TA, Zhukova LI. Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Quarteroni A. Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave. Saleri F, Gervasio P, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zrodnikov A, Korobeynikov V, Chebeskov A, Tikhomirov B. MULTI-ATTRIBUTE ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE RESISTANCE TO NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROLIFERATION. In: Apikyan S, Diamond D, editors. Countering Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioPsychoSocial Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Cuba Has A Lung Cancer Vaccine, And Now It Could Be Coming To The USA [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cuba-and-us-lung-cancer-vaccine-collaboration/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness of USDA High-Impact Programs Improving, But More Action Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-99-284.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilkins D. The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Chauncey G. Last Ban Standing. New York Times. 2010 Dec 21;A35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioPsychoSocial Medicine
AbbreviationBiopsychosoc. Med.
ISSN (online)1751-0759
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
General Psychology
Social Psychology

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