How to format your references using the Journal of Common Market Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2012) ‘Public Health: Prevention Comes of Age’. Nature, Vol. 488, No. 7413, pp. S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chesson, P. and Kuang, J. J. (2008) ‘The Interaction between Predation and Competition’. Nature, Vol. 456, No. 7219, pp. 235–238.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lekic, V., French, S. W. and Fischer, K. M. (2011) ‘Lithospheric Thinning beneath Rifted Regions of Southern California’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 334, No. 6057, pp. 783–787.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Toh, R. J., Peng, W. K., Han, J. and Pumera, M. (2014) ‘Direct in Vivo Electrochemical Detection of Haemoglobin in Red Blood Cells’. Scientific reports, Vol. 4, p. 6209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartley, J. (2011) Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell).
An edited book
Opitz, D. L., Bergwik, S. and Tiggelen, B. V. (eds) (2016) Domesticity in the Making of Modern Science (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK).
A chapter in an edited book
Moore, G. J., Puglia, F. J. and Gulbinska, M. K. (2014) ‘Lithium-Ion Cells for High-End Applications’. In Gulbinska, M. K. (ed) Lithium-ion Battery Materials and Engineering: Current Topics and Problems from the Manufacturing Perspective (London: Springer), pp. 89–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Common Market Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Scientist Invents Ice Cream That Changes Color As You Lick It, IFLScience. Available at «».


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) ‘FACE Recognition Technology: FBI Should Better Ensure Privacy and Accuracy [Reissued on August 3, 2016]’ (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, J. (2014) Medicare Advantage’s Population Make-up and Its Impact on the Future of Medicare Financing, Doctoral dissertation, (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007) ‘In Steps Big and Small, Supreme Court Moved Right’, New York Times ( 1 July 2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2012; Chesson and Kuang, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chesson and Kuang, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Toh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Common Market Studies
AbbreviationJ. Common Mark. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-9886
ISSN (online)1468-5965
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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