How to format your references using the Journal of Common Market Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005) ‘The Places to Be’. Nature, Vol. 433, No. 7025, p. 551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nussenzweig, M. C. and Mellman, I. (2011) ‘Ralph Steinman (1943-2011)’. Nature, Vol. 478, No. 7370, p. 460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tao, C., Cullen, W. G. and Williams, E. D. (2010) ‘Visualizing the Electron Scattering Force in Nanostructures’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 328, No. 5979, pp. 736–740.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Peng, L., Kawagoe, Y., Hogan, P. and Delmer, D. (2002) ‘Sitosterol-Beta-Glucoside as Primer for Cellulose Synthesis in Plants’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 295, No. 5552, pp. 147–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Deventer, D. R., Imai, K. and Mesler, M. (2013) Advanced Financial Risk Management, Second Edition (Solaris South Tower, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.).
An edited book
Baghdasaryan, G. (2016) Effects of Magnetoelastic Interactions in Conductive Plates and Shells, 1st ed. 2016, (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Münstedt, H. and Schwarzl, F. R. (2014) ‘Structure and States of Polymers’. In Schwarzl, F. R. (ed) Deformation and Flow of Polymeric Materials (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 77–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Common Market Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Global Report Shows How To Beat The World’s Biggest Killers, IFLScience. Available at «».


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) ‘Controls Over Funds Available to the District of Columbia Public Schools’ (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, S. (2011) The Use of Art Therapy to Address Psychosocial Stress among Men Living with HIV: A Grant Proposal Project, Doctoral dissertation, (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alexander, K. (2008) ‘Fry, Baby’, New York Times ( 5 October 2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2005; Nussenzweig and Mellman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nussenzweig and Mellman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Common Market Studies
AbbreviationJ. Common Mark. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-9886
ISSN (online)1468-5965
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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