How to format your references using the Journal of Common Market Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gouverneur, V. (2009) ‘Chemistry. A New Departure in Fluorination Chemistry’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 325, No. 5948, pp. 1630–1631.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watmough, S. A. and Dillon, P. J. (2003) ‘Mycorrhizal Weathering in Base-Poor Forests’. Nature, Vol. 423, No. 6942, pp. 823–4; discussion 824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-C. and Ji, Q. (2004) ‘Triassic Marine Reptiles Gave Birth to Live Young’. Nature, Vol. 432, No. 7015, pp. 383–386.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Giepmans, B. N. G., Adams, S. R., Ellisman, M. H. and Tsien, R. Y. (2006) ‘The Fluorescent Toolbox for Assessing Protein Location and Function’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 312, No. 5771, pp. 217–224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A. and Souchet, D. (2014) Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Plotkin, S. A. (ed) (2006) Mass Vaccination: Global Aspects — Progress and Obstacles (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Dunoff, J. L. (2013) ‘Is Sovereign Equality Obsolete? Understanding Twenty-First Century International Organizations’. In Nijman, J. E. and Werner, W. G. (eds) Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2012: Legal Equality and the International Rule of Law - Essays in Honour of P.H. Kooijmans (The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press), pp. 99–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Common Market Studies.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017) Adults Retain Understanding Of Their Birth Language, Even If They Have Never Spoken It, IFLScience. Available at «».


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) ‘Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony)’ (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decker, K. M. (2013) A Study of Relationships between Counselor Education, Social Justice Advocacy Competence, and Likelihood to Advocate, Doctoral dissertation, (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016) ‘Black Enclave’s Newcomers: Mr. and Mrs. L.L.C’, New York Times ( 26 August 2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gouverneur, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gouverneur, 2009; Watmough and Dillon, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watmough and Dillon, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Giepmans et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Common Market Studies
AbbreviationJ. Common Mark. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-9886
ISSN (online)1468-5965
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles