How to format your references using the Journal of Common Market Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turk-Browne, N. B. (2013) ‘Functional Interactions as Big Data in the Human Brain’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 342, No. 6158, pp. 580–584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temeles, E. J. and Kress, W. J. (2003) ‘Adaptation in a Plant-Hummingbird Association’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 300, No. 5619, pp. 630–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, C. D., Coen, P. and Tank, D. W. (2012) ‘Choice-Specific Sequences in Parietal Cortex during a Virtual-Navigation Decision Task’. Nature, Vol. 484, No. 7392, pp. 62–68.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Abdool Karim, Q., Abdool Karim, S. S., Frohlich, J. A., Grobler, A. C., Baxter, C., Mansoor, L. E., Kharsany, A. B. M., Sibeko, S., Mlisana, K. P., Omar, Z., Gengiah, T. N., Maarschalk, S., Arulappan, N., Mlotshwa, M., Morris, L., Taylor, D. and CAPRISA 004 Trial Group (2010) ‘Effectiveness and Safety of Tenofovir Gel, an Antiretroviral Microbicide, for the Prevention of HIV Infection in Women’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 329, No. 5996, pp. 1168–1174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk, J. J. (2016) Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
Stippich, C. (ed) (2015) Clinical Functional MRI: Presurgical Functional Neuroimaging, 2nd ed. 2015, (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Klisnick, A., Le Marec, A., Meng, L., Larroche, O., Guilbaud, O., Kozlova, M., Nejdl, J. and Calisti, A. (2016) ‘Spectral Properties of Collisional Xuv Lasers for the Amplification of Femtosecond Pulses’. In Rocca, J., Menoni, C., and Marconi, M. (eds) X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Common Market Studies.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016) Acceptance Of Same-Sex Relationships In America Almost Quadruples In Under 25 Years, IFLScience. Available at «».


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) ‘Comments on H.R. 2813’ (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haghighat, R. (2015) An Optimization Model to Allocate Budget in School Rehabilitation Projects, Doctoral dissertation, (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007) ‘Lawmakers Pass Bill On Affordable Housing’, New York Times ( 24 June 2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stremlau, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gaherty, 2001; Choi, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temeles and Kress, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (King et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Common Market Studies
AbbreviationJ. Common Mark. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-9886
ISSN (online)1468-5965
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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