How to format your references using the Journal of Common Market Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Common Market Studies (JCMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tucker, B. E. (2013) ‘Geophysics. Reducing Earthquake Risk’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 341, No. 6150, pp. 1070–1072.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoffman, K. L. and McNaughton, B. L. (2002) ‘Coordinated Reactivation of Distributed Memory Traces in Primate Neocortex’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 297, No. 5589, pp. 2070–2073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brennan, M. D., Cheong, R. and Levchenko, A. (2012) ‘Systems Biology. How Information Theory Handles Cell Signaling and Uncertainty’. Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 338, No. 6105, pp. 334–335.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Shevchenko, E. V., Talapin, D. V., Kotov, N. A., O’Brien, S. and Murray, C. B. (2006) ‘Structural Diversity in Binary Nanoparticle Superlattices’. Nature, Vol. 439, No. 7072, pp. 55–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davey, K. J. (2014) Building Winning Algorithmic Trading Systems (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Palade, V., Jain, L. and Bocaniala, C. D. (eds) (2006) Computational Intelligence in Fault Diagnosis (London: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Boerner, P., Edwards, C., Lemen, J., Rausch, A., Schrijver, C., Shine, R., Shing, L., Stern, R., Tarbell, T., Title, A., Wolfson, C. J., Soufli, R., Spiller, E., Gullikson, E., McKenzie, D., Windt, D., Golub, L., Podgorski, W., Testa, P. and Weber, M. (2012) ‘Initial Calibration of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)’. In Chamberlin, P., Pesnell, W. D., and Thompson, B. (eds) The Solar Dynamics Observatory (New York, NY: Springer US), pp. 41–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Common Market Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016) Vaccines Against HPV Really Do Reduce Cervical Cancer Rates, IFLScience. Available at «».


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) ‘Information Technology: Social Security Administration’s Data Exchanges Support Current Programs, but Better Planning Is Needed to Meet Future Demands’ (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goetz, S. B. (2014) Perceptions toward a Restraint-Free Practice: A Case Study, Doctoral dissertation, (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. and Davis, J. H. (2017) ‘Lawsuit Challenges the Secrecy of White House Advisers on Infrastructure’, New York Times ( 25 July 2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tucker, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tucker, 2013; Hoffman and McNaughton, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoffman and McNaughton, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Shevchenko et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Common Market Studies
AbbreviationJ. Common Mark. Stud.
ISSN (print)0021-9886
ISSN (online)1468-5965
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Economics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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