How to format your references using the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mackinnon R. 2005. Structural biology. Membrane protein insertion and stability. Science 307: 1425–1426.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jaeger J.-J. & L. Marivaux. 2005. Paleontology. Shaking the earliest branches of anthropoid primate evolution. Science 310: 244–245.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Singh S.K., A. Yamashita & E. Gouaux. 2007. Antidepressant binding site in a bacterial homologue of neurotransmitter transporters. Nature 448: 952–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Carmona-Fontaine C., H.K. Matthews, S. Kuriyama, et al. 2008. Contact inhibition of locomotion in vivo controls neural crest directional migration. Nature 456: 957–961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
ASAE. 2013. “7 Measures of Success.” Washington, DC: ASAE: The Center for Association Leadership.
An edited book
1.
Gray A., K. Jeffery & J. Shao (eds.). 2008. “Sharing Data, Information and Knowledge: 25th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 25, Cardiff, UK, July 7-10, 2008. Proceedings.” Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Velde B. & P. Barré. 2010. Clay Minerals in Soils: The Interface Between Plants and the Mineral World. In Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions Barré P., Ed. 129–170. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 2008. “Information Technology: Agriculture Needs to Strengthen Management Practices for Stabilizing and Modernizing Its Farm Program Delivery Systems.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Novak T.S. 2017. Vital Signs of U.S. Osteopathic Medical Residency Programs Pivoting to Single Accreditation Standards. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Davey M. & M.W. Walsh. 2014. Detroit Reaches Deal With Creditor, as Others Object to Bankruptcy Plans. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. N. Y. Acad. Sci.
ISSN (print)0077-8923
ISSN (online)1749-6632
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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