How to format your references using the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKee C.F. 2011. Astronomy. Let there be dust. Science 333: 1227–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Topisirovic I. & N. Sonenberg. 2010. Cell biology. Burn out or fade away? Science 327: 1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
von Melchner L., S.L. Pallas & M. Sur. 2000. Visual behaviour mediated by retinal projections directed to the auditory pathway. Nature 404: 871–876.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim I.-J., Y. Zhang, M. Yamagata, et al. 2008. Molecular identification of a retinal cell type that responds to upward motion. Nature 452: 478–482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis T.G. 2010. “Java® and Mac OS® X.” Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Schulte A.K. & B. Walker-Gibbs (eds.). 2016. “Self-studies in Rural Teacher Education.” Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Balsamo S., G.-L.D. Rossi & A. Marin. 2013. Modelling Retrial-Upon-Conflict Systems with Product-Form Stochastic Petri Nets. In Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 20th International Conference, ASMTA 2013, Ghent, Belgium, July 8-10, 2013. Proceedings Dudin A. & Turck K.D., Eds. 52–66. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016.IFLScience July 21, 2016 Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. “Higher Education: Factors Lenders Consider in Making Lending Decisions for Private Education Loans.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Born K.B. 2012. Student and Principal Perceptions of the California High School Proficiency Examination in Community Schools: A Case Study. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved J. 2017. Stylish Like a Fox, And Back in the City. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. N. Y. Acad. Sci.
ISSN (print)0077-8923
ISSN (online)1749-6632
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles