How to format your references using the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nadeem M. 2014. Unconditionally secure commitment in position-based quantum cryptography. Sci. Rep. 4: 6774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mukherjee S. & K. Orth. 2008. Microbiology. A protein pupylation paradigm. Science 322: 1062–1063.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fotso H., K. Mikelsons & J.K. Freericks. 2014. Thermalization of field driven quantum systems. Sci. Rep. 4: 4699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ortiz J.L., P.V. Sada, Bellot Rubio LR, et al. 2000. Optical detection of meteoroidal impacts on the Moon. Nature 405: 921–923.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strohfeldt K.A. 2015. “Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry.” Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gustafsson B. 2014. “Classical and Stochastic Laplacian Growth.” Teodorescu, R. and Vasil’ev, A., Eds.: Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhansali A., A. Aggarwal, G. Parthan, et al. 2016. Childhood Cushing’s Syndrome. In Clinical Rounds in Endocrinology: Volume II - Pediatric Endocrinology Aggarwal A., Parthan G., & Gogate Y., Eds. 109–129. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Blog post
Fang J. 2016.IFLScience June 16, 2016 Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. “Airline Competition: Higher Fares and Reduced Competition at Concentrated Airports.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Learn D.T. 2012. Differentiating instruction on the basis of cognitive tools: A case study of honors and mainstream middle school classes. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. 2002. Fordham’s Big 3 Make Trip North Worthwhile. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. N. Y. Acad. Sci.
ISSN (print)0077-8923
ISSN (online)1749-6632
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles