How to format your references using the International Cancer Conference Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Cancer Conference Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eddy SR (2006) Genetics. Total information awareness for worm genetics. Science 311:1381–1382
A journal article with 2 authors
Sack FD, Chen J-G (2009) Plant science. Pores in place. Science 323:592–593
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak K, Cho K, Kim S (2013) Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Sci Rep 3:2787
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pielke R Jr, Prins G, Rayner S, Sarewitz D (2007) Climate change 2007: lifting the taboo on adaptation. Nature 445:597–598

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chassaing R (2004) Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the C6713 and C6416 DSK. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pohl K, Broy M, Daembkes H, Hönninger H (2016) Advanced Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Systems: Extensions of the SPES 2020 Methodology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Smirnov A, Kashevnik A, Shilov N, et al (2009) Anonymous Agent Coordination in Smart Spaces: State-of-the-Art. In: Balandin S, Moltchanov D, Koucheryavy Y (eds) Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: 9th International Conference, NEW2AN 2009 and Second Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2009, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 42–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Cancer Conference Journal.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Why Do You Feel Like You’re Falling When You Go To Sleep? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Railroad Safety: DOD Can Improve the Safety of On-Base Track and Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tercero N (2010) Characterization and application of morpholino monolayers in nucleic acid diagnostics. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Searcey D, Hartocollis A, Buettner R, Chen DW (2015) Speaker Silver, a Rare Cancer and State Cash. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Cancer Conference Journal
AbbreviationInt. Canc. Conf. J.
ISSN (online)2192-3183

Other styles