How to format your references using the Annals of the ICRP citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the ICRP. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk, L.A., 2005. Journey into the unknown beyond. Science 309, 2016–2017.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yagi, M., Oikawa, S., 2014. Ontogenetic phase shifts in metabolism in a flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. Sci. Rep. 4, 7135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mishra, L., Derynck, R., Mishra, B., 2005. Transforming growth factor-beta signaling in stem cells and cancer. Science 310, 68–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mühlig, S., Cunningham, A., Dintinger, J., Farhat, M., Hasan, S.B., Scharf, T., Bürgi, T., Lederer, F., Rockstuhl, C., 2013. A self-assembled three-dimensional cloak in the visible. Sci. Rep. 3, 2328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vakkur, N.V., Herrera, Z.J., 2013. Corporate Governance Regulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mohammad, A. (Ed.), 2012. Green Solvents I: Properties and Applications in Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Hern, D.M., Nozaki, Y., 2014. Kenyan Education, in: Nozaki, Y. (Ed.), Natural Science Education, Indigenous Knowledge, and Sustainable Development in Rural and Urban Schools in Kenya: Toward Critical Postcolonial Curriculum Policies and Practices. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the ICRP.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Canyons Offer New Explanations For Water On Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Examination Into Certain Irregularities Reported as Existing at the Department of Labor Atterbury Job Corps Center near Edinburg, Indiana (No. B-130515). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meluzzi, D., 2013. Computational Analysis of DNA Interactions to Investigate the Spatial Organization of Chromatin (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forsythe, M., Stevenson, A., 2017. Chief of Chinese Firm Is Detained. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Fisk, 2005; Yagi and Oikawa, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yagi and Oikawa, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mühlig et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the ICRP
AbbreviationAnn. ICRP
ISSN (print)0146-6453
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles