How to format your references using the Annals of the ICRP citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the ICRP. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lodge, T.P., 2008. Materials science. A unique platform for materials design. Science 321, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Epshtein, V., Nudler, E., 2003. Cooperation between RNA polymerase molecules in transcription elongation. Science 300, 801–805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, J.I., Crabtree, G.R., Crabtee, G.R., 2007. Cell signaling. Nuclear actin as choreographer of cell morphology and transcription. Science 316, 1710–1711.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zandt, G., Gilbert, H., Owens, T.J., Ducea, M., Saleeby, J., Jones, C.H., 2004. Active foundering of a continental arc root beneath the southern Sierra Nevada in California. Nature 431, 41–46.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonilla, L.L., Teitsworth, S.W., 2010. Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ferdinand, K.C., Armani, A. (Eds.), 2010. Cardiovascular Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Contemporary Cardiology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim, Y.A.L., Mahdy, M.A.K., Surin, J., 2013. Unravelling Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Southeast Asia, in: Lim, Yvonne Ai Lian, Vythilingam, I. (Eds.), Parasites and Their Vectors: A Special Focus on Southeast Asia. Springer, Vienna, pp. 77–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the ICRP.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Toothpaste Fluorine Comes From Long-Dead Stars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems (No. T-IMTEC-90-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Proser, M., 2015. Ingredients for Optimal Care: Exploring Factors Associated with Patient Quality Outcomes among Federally-Qualified Health Centers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Time for Recalling the Departed And Reuniting the Long-Lost Related. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Epshtein and Nudler, 2003; Lodge, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Epshtein and Nudler, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zandt et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the ICRP
AbbreviationAnn. ICRP
ISSN (print)0146-6453
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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