How to format your references using the Annals of the ICRP citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the ICRP. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Naeem, S., 2008. Ecology. Green with complexity. Science 319, 913–914.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rockenbach, B., Milinski, M., 2006. The efficient interaction of indirect reciprocity and costly punishment. Nature 444, 718–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, D., Amagai, S., Bricken, J., 2012. Science education. Engaging teachers, scientists, and multimedia to promote learning. Science 336, 1509.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eckle, P., Pfeiffer, A.N., Cirelli, C., Staudte, A., Dörner, R., Muller, H.G., Büttiker, M., Keller, U., 2008. Attosecond ionization and tunneling delay time measurements in helium. Science 322, 1525–1529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga, H., 2011. Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ignatiev, A.A., 2010. Heteromagnetic Microelectronics: Microsystems of Active Type. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Duvernoy, H., Cattin, F., Risold, P.-Y., 2013. Anatomy, in: Cattin, Francoise, Risold, P.-Y. (Eds.), The Human Hippocampus: Functional Anatomy, Vascularization and Serial Sections with MRI. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the ICRP.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Paralyzed Monkeys Walk Again Thanks To Brain Implant [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures (No. ID-78-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, W.B., 2017. First-Generation Undergraduate Researchers: Engaging and Validating Cultural Wealth-Based Self-Authors (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crawford, S., 2014. Back to the Digital Drawing Board. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Naeem, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Naeem, 2008; Rockenbach and Milinski, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rockenbach and Milinski, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Eckle et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the ICRP
AbbreviationAnn. ICRP
ISSN (print)0146-6453
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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