How to format your references using the Annals of the ICRP citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the ICRP. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Comerio, M.C., 2006. Earthquake anniversary. Can buildings be made earthquake-safe? Science 312, 204–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyanari, Y., Torres-Padilla, M.-E., 2012. Control of ground-state pluripotency by allelic regulation of Nanog. Nature 483, 470–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, M., Saito, S., Ohmine, I., 2002. Molecular dynamics simulation of the ice nucleation and growth process leading to water freezing. Nature 416, 409–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Abbatt, J.P.D., Benz, S., Cziczo, D.J., Kanji, Z., Lohmann, U., Möhler, O., 2006. Solid ammonium sulfate aerosols as ice nuclei: a pathway for cirrus cloud formation. Science 313, 1770–1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonald, T., Feuillet, M., 2011. Network Performance Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ohno, S., Ohno, N., Terada, N. (Eds.), 2016. In Vivo Cryotechnique in Biomedical Research and Application for Bioimaging of Living Animal Organs, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Johnson, D., Ayeni, O., 2009. Avoiding and Managing Complications in ACL Reconstruction, in: Meislin, R.J., Halbrecht, J. (Eds.), Complications in Knee and Shoulder Surgery: Management and Treatment Options for the Sports Medicine Orthopedist. Springer, London, pp. 53–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the ICRP.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Scientists Once Caught An Antarctic Fur Seal Trying To Have Sex With Its Mom [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in Key Accounting Systems Needs to be Justified (No. GAO-03-465). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCullough, J., 2009. Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction. A retrospective study to determine if these factors are correlated in a clinical setting. A project report (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eddy, M., Kanter, J., 2016. Backlash Over Remarks by German E.U. Official. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Comerio, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Comerio, 2006; Miyanari and Torres-Padilla, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miyanari and Torres-Padilla, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Abbatt et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the ICRP
AbbreviationAnn. ICRP
ISSN (print)0146-6453
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles