How to format your references using the Annals of the ICRP citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of the ICRP. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen, L., 2014. A preventable cancer. Nature 516, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabado, R.L., Bhardwaj, N., 2015. Cancer immunotherapy: dendritic-cell vaccines on the move. Nature 519, 300–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
DeCoursey, T.E., Morgan, D., Cherny, V.V., 2003. The voltage dependence of NADPH oxidase reveals why phagocytes need proton channels. Nature 422, 531–534.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bohorquez, J.C., Gourley, S., Dixon, A.R., Spagat, M., Johnson, N.F., 2009. Common ecology quantifies human insurgency. Nature 462, 911–914.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2008. Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Safety, Security, and Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schmidt, R.A. (Ed.), 2009. Automated Deduction – CADE-22: 22nd International Conference on Automated Deduction, Montreal, Canada, August 2-7, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sovacool, B.K., Linnér, B.-O., 2016. The Perils of Climate Diplomacy: The Political Economy of the UNFCCC, in: Linnér, B.-O. (Ed.), The Political Economy of Climate Change Adaptation, CID Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Fellow Working Paper No. 5. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 110–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of the ICRP.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Nearby Earth-Like World Proxima B May Have A Global Ocean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Education and Employment Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1996-98 (No. IAP-96-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perantoni, E.J., 2010. Course design based on the Kolb learning style as it relates to student success in online classes (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Link, K., 2015. Subversive Pleasure. New York Times BR29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laursen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Laursen, 2014; Sabado and Bhardwaj, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sabado and Bhardwaj, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bohorquez et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of the ICRP
AbbreviationAnn. ICRP
ISSN (print)0146-6453
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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