How to format your references using the Journal of Jewish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Jewish Studies (JJS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V. ‘Chemistry. To Cool or Not to Cool’. Science 329.5987 (2010): 45–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engelhardt, K.A., and M.E. Ritchie. ‘Effects of Macrophyte Species Richness on Wetland Ecosystem Functioning and Services’. Nature 411.6838 (2001): 687–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roughgarden, J., M. Oishi, and E. Akçay. ‘Reproductive Social Behavior: Cooperative Games to Replace Sexual Selection’. Science 311.5763 (2006): 965–9.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Huang, Q., D. Liu, P. Majewski, L.C. Schulte, J.M. Korn, R.A. Young, E.S. Lander, and N. Hacohen. ‘The Plasticity of Dendritic Cell Responses to Pathogens and Their Components’. Science 294.5543 (2001): 870–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cabaniss, D.L., S. Cherry, C.J. Douglas, and A. Schwartz. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
Choi, Y., ed. Osteoimmunology: Interactions of the Immune and Skeletal Systems. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloothooft, G., and M. Schraagen. ‘Learning Name Variants from Inexact High-Confidence Matches’. Pages 61–83 in Population Reconstruction. Edited by G. Bloothooft, P. Christen, K. Mandemakers, and M. Schraagen. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Jewish Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. ‘Octopus And Squid Populations Are Booming – Here’s Why’. IFLScience. IFLScience, 28 May 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Manpower Training Program--GAO Conclusions and Observations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 17, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, A.R. ‘Absence Causation in Mechanistic Explanation’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zucchino, D., and B.C. Solomon. ‘Newly Freed From ISIS but Stuck Without Water, Neighbors Find a Way’. New York Times, 16 February 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Jewish Studies
ISSN (print)0022-2097
ISSN (online)2056-6689

Other styles