How to format your references using the Journal of Jewish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Jewish Studies (JJS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brassard, G. ‘Quantum Information: The Conundrum of Secure Positioning’. Nature 479.7373 (2011): 307–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gowers, T., and M. Nielsen. ‘Massively Collaborative Mathematics’. Nature 461.7266 (2009): 879–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, C., Y.-P. Yang, and Y.-W. Duan. ‘Pollen Sensitivity to Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) Suggests Floral Structure Evolution in Alpine Plants’. Sci. Rep. 4 (2014): 4520.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Barletta, V.R., M. Bevis, B.E. Smith, T. Wilson, A. Brown, A. Bordoni, M. Willis, S.A. Khan, M. Rovira-Navarro, et al. ‘Observed Rapid Bedrock Uplift in Amundsen Sea Embayment Promotes Ice-Sheet Stability’. Science 360.6395 (2018): 1335–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, P.J. Applied Mathematics for the Analysis of Biomedical Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Aggarwal, C.C., ed. Social Network Data Analytics. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Muñoz, A., D. Serrano, and A. Maña. ‘Secure Profiles as a Cornerstone in Emerging Ambient Intelligence Scenarios’. Pages 34–46 in Developing Ambient Intelligence: Proceedings of the International Conference on Ambient Intelligence Developments (AmI.d’07). Edited by C. Rudolph. Paris: Springer, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Jewish Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. ‘New Genus Of Crab Discovered In A Chinese Pet Shop’. IFLScience. IFLScience, 28 September 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Managing for Results: Observations on NASA’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 5, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa, K.L. ‘Soul Seeking: A Crossing’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. ‘Cecilia Bartoli May Return to New York’. New York Times, 1 September 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference N. Spaldin, ‘Find Your Most Interesting Question’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (2015), pp. 110..
This sentence cites two references T.D. Seeley, ‘Obituary: Martin Lindauer (1918-2008)’, Nature 456 (2008), pp. 718; K.S. Jayaraman, ‘Syngenta Ready to Drop Plans for Indian Rice Venture’, Nature 420 (2002), pp. 596..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: D. Salart et al., ‘Testing the Speed of “Spooky Action at a Distance”’, Nature 454 (2008), pp. 861–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Jewish Studies
ISSN (print)0022-2097
ISSN (online)2056-6689

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