How to format your references using the Journal of Jewish Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Jewish Studies (JJS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carrero-Martínez, F.A. ‘Education. Rethink Summer Student Research’. Science 334.6054 (2011): 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dragoi, G., and S. Tonegawa. ‘Preplay of Future Place Cell Sequences by Hippocampal Cellular Assemblies’. Nature 469.7330 (2011): 397–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leung, A.K.W., K. Nagai, and J. Li. ‘Structure of the Spliceosomal U4 SnRNP Core Domain and Its Implication for SnRNP Biogenesis’. Nature 473.7348 (2011): 536–9.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Su, H., N. Bidère, L. Zheng, A. Cubre, K. Sakai, J. Dale, L. Salmena, R. Hakem, S. Straus, et al. ‘Requirement for Caspase-8 in NF-KappaB Activation by Antigen Receptor’. Science 307.5714 (2005): 1465–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach, G.J. The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Kielanowski, P., S.T. Ali, P. Bieliavsky, A. Odzijewicz, M. Schlichenmaier, and T. Voronov, eds. Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIV Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 28 – July 4, 2015. Trends in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Karamolegkos, P., A. Maroudas, and N. Manouselis. ‘Application Profiling for Rural Communities: EGov Services and Training Resources in Rural Inclusion’. Pages 46–56 in Metadata and Semantic Research: 4th International Conference, MTSR 2010, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, October 20-22, 2010. Proceedings. Edited by S. Sánchez-Alonso and I.N. Athanasiadis. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Jewish Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. ‘Gene That Makes People Behave Like Idiots When Drunk Could Also Protect Against Diabetes’. IFLScience. IFLScience, 11 August 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Income Security Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 1, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, H. ‘Outcomes of China Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program, 2003–2010’. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., and C. Savage. ‘White House Lands 3 Punches Against Gay Rights in One Day’. New York Times, 28 July 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference F.A. Carrero-Martínez, ‘Education. Rethink Summer Student Research’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (2011), pp. 313..
This sentence cites two references F.A. Carrero-Martínez, ‘Education. Rethink Summer Student Research’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (2011), pp. 313; G. Dragoi and S. Tonegawa, ‘Preplay of Future Place Cell Sequences by Hippocampal Cellular Assemblies’, Nature 469 (2011), pp. 397–401..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: G. Dragoi and S. Tonegawa, ‘Preplay of Future Place Cell Sequences by Hippocampal Cellular Assemblies’, Nature 469 (2011), pp. 397–401.
  • Three authors: A.K.W. Leung, K. Nagai, and J. Li, ‘Structure of the Spliceosomal U4 SnRNP Core Domain and Its Implication for SnRNP Biogenesis’, Nature 473 (2011), pp. 536–9.
  • 4 or more authors: H. Su et al., ‘Requirement for Caspase-8 in NF-KappaB Activation by Antigen Receptor’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (2005), pp. 1465–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Jewish Studies
ISSN (print)0022-2097
ISSN (online)2056-6689

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