How to format your references using the Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rapley C. Climate science: Time to raft up. Nature. 2012;488:583–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Al Khawaja U, Stoof H. Skyrmions in a ferromagnetic Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature. 2001;411:918–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Brooke J, Rosenbaum TF, Aeppli G. Tunable quantum tunnelling of magnetic domain walls. Nature. 2001;413:610–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Vitousek PM, Ladefoged TN, Kirch PV, Hartshorn AS, Graves MW, Hotchkiss SC, et al. Soils, agriculture, and society in precontact Hawai’i. Science. 2004;304:1665–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Danby FW. Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Staudigl M, Berguno G, editors. Schutzian Phenomenology and Hermeneutic Traditions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Abdi AA. Engaging Africanist Philosophies and Epistemologies in Education for Social Development. In: Shultz L, Kajner T, editors. Engaged Scholarship: The Politics of Engagement and Disengagement. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013. p. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Method Could Reveal Your Entire Viral Infection History With A Single Drop Of Blood. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Agencies’ Actions To Implement Section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Aug. Report No.: RCED-84-60.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hoch VA. The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Long-Suffering Saints Fans Could Use Some Good Times. New York Times. 2010 Jan 31;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (online)2052-4374
Scope

Other styles