How to format your references using the Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Deichmann U. An unholy alliance. The Nazis showed that “politically responsible” science risks losing its soul. Nature. 2000;405:739.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lin Y, Zhang Z. Controlling the efficiency of trapping in a scale-free small-world network. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6274.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scholey JM, Brust-Mascher I, Mogilner A. Cell division. Nature. 2003;422:746–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dawson MA, Bannister AJ, Göttgens B, Foster SD, Bartke T, Green AR, et al. JAK2 phosphorylates histone H3Y41 and excludes HP1alpha from chromatin. Nature. 2009;461:819–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kunz RG. Environmental Calculations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Uchino H, Ushijima K, Ikeda Y, editors. Neuroanesthesia and Cerebrospinal Protection. 1st ed. 2015. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mpakopoulou M, Brotis AG, Gatos H, Paterakis K, Fountas KN. Ten Years of Clinical Experience in the Use of Fixed-Pressure Versus Programmable Valves: A Retrospective Study of 159 Patients. In: Aygok GA, Rekate HL, editors. Hydrocephalus: Selected Papers from the International Workshop in Crete, 2010. Vienna: Springer; 2012. p. 25–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. New Evidence Suggests Life On Earth Began Much Earlier Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/life-earth-started-remarkably-close-planets-fiery-formation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Aero-Space Plane: Restructuring Future Research and Development Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-93-71.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Okafor-Dike LC. The effect of leadership on economic development: A case study of Nigeria [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kercher S. Mothers Becoming Fast Friends, With a Swipe. New York Times. 2017 May 10;D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (online)2052-4374
Scope

Other styles