How to format your references using the Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Blackmore S. Environment. Biodiversity update--progress in taxonomy. Science. 2002;298:365.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yen H-L, Peiris JSM. Virology: bird flu in mammals. Nature. 2012;486:332–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nykypanchuk D, Strey HH, Hoagland DA. Brownian motion of DNA confined within a two-dimensional array. Science. 2002;297:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McCreath KJ, Howcroft J, Campbell KH, Colman A, Schnieke AE, Kind AJ. Production of gene-targeted sheep by nuclear transfer from cultured somatic cells. Nature. 2000;405:1066–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kulkarni S, Harman G. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Zhang D, Portmann M, Tan A-H, Indulska J, editors. Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 6th International Conference, UIC 2009, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-9, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gulati K, Khatri SP. Accelerating Boolean Satisfiability on a Custom IC. In: Khatri SP, editor. Hardware Acceleration of EDA Algorithms: Custom ICs, FPGAs and GPUs. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 33–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Why Do LSD Trips Last So Long? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/why-do-lsd-trips-last-so-long/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computer Systems: Actions on OMB Recommendations for a Joint Lookout System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-90-10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Katsky CS. Open Secrets: Congressional Oversight of the CIA in the Early Cold War [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kolomatsky M. Does a Building’s Age Affect the Rent? New York Times. 2017 Aug 18;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (online)2052-4374
Scope

Other styles