How to format your references using the Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Jensen GJ. Cell biology. Protein filaments caught in the act. Science. 2009;323:472–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Menand T, Tait SR. A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions. Nature. 2001;411:678–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dubash NK, Fleurbaey M, Kartha S. Climate policy. Political implications of data presentation. Science. 2014;345:36–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chambliss AB, Khatau SB, Erdenberger N, Robinson DK, Hodzic D, Longmore GD, et al. The LINC-anchored actin cap connects the extracellular milieu to the nucleus for ultrafast mechanotransduction. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bakus GJ. Quantitative Analysis of Marine Biological Communities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Kosnik C, Beck C, Freese AR, Samaras AP, editors. Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Atkinson RJ, Rokas A, Stone GN. Longitudinal patterns in species richness and genetic diversity in European oaks and oak gallwasps. In: Weiss S, Ferrand N, editors. Phylogeography of Southern European Refugia: Evolutionary perspectives on the origins and conservation of European biodiversity. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 127–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J. How The Guitarfish Retracts Its Eyeballs Into Its Head [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-guitarfish-retracts-its-eyeballs-its-head/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Questions Concerning the Implementation of the Student Loan Consolidation and Technical Amendments Act of 1983]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Sep. Report No.: B-214351.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cox V. A Quantitative Analysis of the Yield Curve: Forecasting the Length and End of a Recession [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Mott Street as a Path to Revolution For the Father of Modern China. New York Times. 2002 Sep 1;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (online)2052-4374
Scope

Other styles