How to format your references using the Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Triendl R. Back to basics. Nature. 2002;420:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Milutinovich M, Koshland DE. Molecular biology. SMC complexes--wrapped up in controversy. Science. 2003;300:1101–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moore JD, Kirk JA, Hunt T. Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science. 2003;300:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McElroy K, Simmonds RW, Hoffman JE, Lee D-H, Orenstein J, Eisaki H, et al. Relating atomic-scale electronic phenomena to wave-like quasiparticle states in superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature. 2003;422:592–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Knudsen S. Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Jeyakumar V. Nonsmooth Vector Functions and Continuous Optimization. Luc DT, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yao Y, Fu R. The Concept of Reducts in Pawlak Three-Step Rough Set Analysis. In: Peters JF, Skowron A, Ramanna S, Suraj Z, Wang X, editors. Transactions on Rough Sets XVI. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Museum’s Blue Whale Skeleton Found To Be A “Time Capsule” From 1930s [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/museums-blue-whale-skeleton-found-to-be-a-time-capsule-from-1930s/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Protest Against NASA Contract for Janitorial Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jul. Report No.: B-178747.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Frost DC. Quantitative correlational study of communication satisfaction related to organizational proximity and face-to-face communication [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Accountability Would Seem to Begin and End With Referees. New York Times. 2011 Mar 12;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Occup. Environ. Med.
ISSN (online)2052-4374
Scope

Other styles