How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kronenberg, Henry M. (2003), “Developmental Regulation of the Growth Plate,” Nature, 423 (6937), 332–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill, Robert Sean and Christopher A. Walsh (2005), “Molecular Insights into Human Brain Evolution,” Nature, 437 (7055), 64–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Diemand, J., B. Moore, and J. Stadel (2005), “Earth-Mass Dark-Matter Haloes as the First Structures in the Early Universe,” Nature, 433 (7024), 389–91.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fernandez, Jessie, Kuan Ting Yang, Kathryn M. Cornwell, Janet D. Wright, and Richard A. Wilson (2013), “Growth in Rice Cells Requires de Novo Purine Biosynthesis by the Blast Fungus Magnaporthe Oryzae,” Scientific Reports, 3, 2398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lad, Bhupesh K., Divya Shrivastava, and Makarand S. Kulkarni (2016), Machine Tool Reliability, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sathiakumar, Swamidoss, Lalit Kumar Awasthi, M. Roberts Masillamani, and S. S. Sridhar, eds. (2014), Proceedings of International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications: ICICIC Global 2012, . Vol. 216, New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Roos, Dirk, Hergen Spits, and C. Erik Hack (2005), “Innate Immunity — Phagocytes, Natural Killer Cells and the Complement System,” in Principles of Immunopharmacology, Frans P. Nijkamp and Michael J. Parnham, eds., Basel: Birkhäuser, 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing.

Blog post
Hale, Tom (2017), “Hikers Film A Beautiful Spinning Ice Disk On A Frozen River,” IFLScience, IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988), “NATO-Warsaw Pact: Conventional Force Balance--Papers for U.S. and Soviet Perspectives Workshops,” NSIAD-89-23B, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dorsey, Vikki (2015), “Impact of a Family Council Intervention on Owner Knowledge and Stewardship within a Family Business,” doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John (2017), “Where Do All the Disgraced C.E.O.s Go?,” New York Times, , October 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kronenberg 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kronenberg 2003; Hill and Walsh 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill and Walsh 2005)
  • Three authors: (Diemand, Moore, and Stadel 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fernandez et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing
AbbreviationJ. Retail.
ISSN (print)0022-4359

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