How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mills, Evan (2012), “Climate Change. The Greening of Insurance,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338 (6113), 1424–25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blake, Chris and Jasper Wall (2002), “A Velocity Dipole in the Distribution of Radio Galaxies,” Nature, 416 (6877), 150–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou, Dim, Jascha Lehmann, and Johanna Beckmann (2015), “Climate Change. The Weakening Summer Circulation in the Northern Hemisphere Mid-Latitudes,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348 (6232), 324–27.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knaut, Holger, Christian Werz, Robert Geisler, Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, and Tübingen 2000 Screen Consortium (2003), “A Zebrafish Homologue of the Chemokine Receptor Cxcr4 Is a Germ-Cell Guidance Receptor,” Nature, 421 (6920), 279–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaduri, Sumit and Doble Mukesh (2014), Homogeneous Catalysis, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Andronikou, Savvas, Angus Alexander, Tracy Kilborn, Alastair J. W. Millar, and Alan Daneman, eds. (2010), ABC of Pediatric Surgical Imaging, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Catena, di Liù M. (2011), “Quaranta Storie Narrate Con…,” in Oltre i Materiali. La Scienza Tra Le Nostre Dita: Quaranta Storie Di Lavoro e Formazione, Ivan Davoli, ed., Milano: Springer, 31–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing.

Blog post
Fang, Janet (2014), “Five Armored Spiders Discovered in Chinese Caves,” IFLScience, IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993), “Federal Research: Super Collider--National Security Benefits, Similar Projects, and Cost,” RCED-93-158, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, Eric D. (2014), “The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort,” doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin (1993), “PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD,” New York Times, , December 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mills 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Mills 2012; Blake and Wall 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blake and Wall 2002)
  • Three authors: (Coumou, Lehmann, and Beckmann 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Knaut et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing
AbbreviationJ. Retail.
ISSN (print)0022-4359

Other styles