How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawrence, Peter A. (2004), “Last Hideout of the Unknown?,” Nature, 429 (6989), 247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salazar-Ciudad, Isaac and Miquel Marín-Riera (2013), “Adaptive Dynamics under Development-Based Genotype-Phenotype Maps,” Nature, 497 (7449), 361–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang, Cheol-Sang, Anna Shemorry, and Alexander Varshavsky (2010), “N-Terminal Acetylation of Cellular Proteins Creates Specific Degradation Signals,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327 (5968), 973–77.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krusin-Elbaum, L., D. M. Newns, H. Zeng, V. Derycke, J. Z. Sun, and R. Sandstrom (2004), “Room-Temperature Ferromagnetic Nanotubes Controlled by Electron or Hole Doping,” Nature, 431 (7009), 672–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheriff, Ray E. and Y. Fun Hu (2001), Mobile Satellite Communication Networks, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berliner, Lawrence and Graeme Hanson, eds. (2009), High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine, . Vol. 28, New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fouché-Weber, L. Yvette and Richard P. Dutton (2014), “Blood Transfusion and Coagulation Disorders,” in Anesthesia for Trauma: New Evidence and New Challenges, Corey S. Scher, ed., New York, NY: Springer, 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing.

Blog post
Fang, Janet (2014), “Female Promiscuity Prevents Infanticide, Leads to Bigger Balls,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998), “Student Loans: Limited Information Is Available to Determine How Students’ College Debt Affects Their School and Lifestyle Decisions,” HEHS-98-97R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganatra, Vandana A. (2012), “Impact of the Media on Body Image and Eating Disorders,” doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary (2013), “Russia Is Persuaded To Alter Statement To Call for Inclusion,” New York Times, , September 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawrence 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lawrence 2004; Salazar-Ciudad and Marín-Riera 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salazar-Ciudad and Marín-Riera 2013)
  • Three authors: (Hwang, Shemorry, and Varshavsky 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Krusin-Elbaum et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing
AbbreviationJ. Retail.
ISSN (print)0022-4359

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