How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olson, Peter (2013), “Geophysics. The New Core Paradox,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 342 (6157), 431–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horner-Devine, M. Claire and Adam C. Martiny (2008), “Biogeochemistry. News about Nitrogen,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320 (5877), 757–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühl, Gabriele, Derek E. G. Briggs, and Jes Rust (2009), “A Great-Appendage Arthropod with a Radial Mouth from the Lower Devonian Hunsruck Slate, Germany,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323 (5915), 771–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bonatti, Enrico, Marco Ligi, Daniele Brunelli, Anna Cipriani, Paola Fabretti, Valentina Ferrante, Luca Gasperini, and Luisa Ottolini (2003), “Mantle Thermal Pulses below the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Temporal Variations in the Formation of Oceanic Lithosphere,” Nature, 423 (6939), 499–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Gyurky, Szabolcs Michael (2006), The Cognitive Dynamics of Computer Science, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wiedijk, Freek, ed. (2006), The Seventeen Provers of the World: Foreword by Dana S. Scott, . Vol. 3600, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koenigsmann, Jochen (2014), “Undecidability in Number Theory,” in Model Theory in Algebra, Analysis and Arithmetic: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: H. Dugald Macpherson, Carlo Toffalori, Jochen Koenigsmann, H. Dugald Macpherson, Anand Pillay, Carlo Toffalori, and Alex J. Wilkie, eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 159–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “Does A Lack Of Vitamin D Put You At Greater Risk Of Multiple Sclerosis?,” IFLScience, IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975), “Assessing the Federal Program for Strengthening Developing Institutions of Higher Education,” MWD-76-1, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, Theresa Marie (2008), “A Grounded Theory of U.S. Army Installation Realignment and Closure Leadership Characteristics,” doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner, Dwight (2014), “15 Minutes of Fame? Try 1,500 Years,” New York Times, , March 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Olson 2013; Horner-Devine and Martiny 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Horner-Devine and Martiny 2008)
  • Three authors: (Kühl, Briggs, and Rust 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bonatti et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing
AbbreviationJ. Retail.
ISSN (print)0022-4359

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