How to format your references using the Journal of Retailing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Retailing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Masood, Ehsan (2013), “Pakistan Must Seize the Chance to Revive Its Science,” Nature, 500 (7460), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibata, Rodrigo A. and Geraint F. Lewis (2008), “The Cosmic Web in Our Own Backyard,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319 (5859), 50–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berné, Olivier, Núria Marcelino, and José Cernicharo (2010), “Waves on the Surface of the Orion Molecular Cloud,” Nature, 466 (7309), 947–49.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vastenhouw, Nadine L., Karin Brunschwig, Kristy L. Okihara, Fritz Müller, Marcel Tijsterman, and Ronald H. A. Plasterk (2006), “Gene Expression: Long-Term Gene Silencing by RNAi,” Nature, 442 (7105), 882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, Bruce R. (2012), Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aboh, Enoch O. and James Essegbey, eds. (2010), Topics in Kwa Syntax, . Vol. 78, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gomolińska, Anna (2009), “Rough Approximation Based on Weak Q-RIFs,” in Transactions on Rough Sets X, James F. Peters, Andrzej Skowron, Marcin Wolski, Mihir K. Chakraborty, and Wei-Zhi Wu, eds., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 117–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Retailing.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015), “Mating Market Theory: The Math Of One-Night Stands And Long-Term Relationships,” IFLScience, IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010), “Oversight of DOJ Funds for Recreational Activities,” GAO-10-661R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, Silvia Sofia (2013), “Professionals’ Perceptions of Effective Interventions with Elderly Hoarders,” doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, James B. (2017), “Now on Broadway, an Economics Lesson,” New York Times, , June 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Masood 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Masood 2013; Ibata and Lewis 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibata and Lewis 2008)
  • Three authors: (Berné, Marcelino, and Cernicharo 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vastenhouw et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Retailing
AbbreviationJ. Retail.
ISSN (print)0022-4359

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