How to format your references using the Annals of Medicine and Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Medicine and Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
J.W. Roberts, Molecular biology. Molecular basis of transcription pausing, Science. 344 (2014) 1226–1227.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
G. Anglada-Escudé, M. Tuomi, Exoplanet detection. Comment on “Stellar activity masquerading as planets in the habitable zone of the M dwarf Gliese 581,” Science. 347 (2015) 1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
C.E. Smith, B. Llorente, L.S. Symington, Template switching during break-induced replication, Nature. 447 (2007) 102–105.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
J. Trampert, F. Deschamps, J. Resovsky, D. Yuen, Probabilistic tomography maps chemical heterogeneities throughout the lower mantle, Science. 306 (2004) 853–856.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
M. Otto, Chemometrics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
[1]
J.K.H. Tse, J.Y. Tan, eds., Theological Reflections on the Hong Kong Umbrella Movement, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
H. Grossmann, Additional Texts on Mechanism, in: G. Freudenthal, P. McLaughlin (Eds.), The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 231–237.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Medicine and Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
J. Davis, The Weirdest Sex Laws From Around The World, IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-weirdest-sex-laws-from-around-the-world/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Managing for Results: Observations on NASA’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
L.A. Kelly, Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M.D. Shear, A. Smale, Foreign Leaders Lament U.S. Withdrawal, but Say It Won’t Stop Climate Effort, New York Times. (2017) A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
AbbreviationAnn. Med. Surg. (Lond.)
ISSN (print)2049-0801
Scope

Other styles