How to format your references using the Stem Cell Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crutcher, R.M., 2006. Astronomy. Testing star formation theory. Science 313, 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, Y., Lin, C., 2013. Microbial oxidation of Fe2+ and pyrite exposed to flux of micromolar H₂O₂ in acidic media. Sci. Rep. 3, 1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, H., DeLuca, S.Z., O’Farrell, P.H., 2008. Manipulating the metazoan mitochondrial genome with targeted restriction enzymes. Science 321, 575–577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wong, Y.H., Ryu, T., Seridi, L., Ghosheh, Y., Bougouffa, S., Qian, P.-Y., Ravasi, T., 2014. Transcriptome analysis elucidates key developmental components of bryozoan lophophore development. Sci. Rep. 4, 6534.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Budisa, N., 2005. Engineering the Genetic Code. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Boelens, J.J., Wynn, R. (Eds.), 2013. Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Brillantes, A.B., Jr., Sonco, J.O.T., II, 2007. Harmonizing Objectives and Outcomes at the National and Sub-National Levels Through Citizen Engagement and Capacity Building (With Special References to the Philippines), in: Martinez-Vazquez, J., Searle, B. (Eds.), Fiscal Equalization: Challenges in the Design of Intergovernmental Transfers. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 95–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Newly Discovered, Unnamed Deep Sea Creatures Found Off The Coast Of Puerto Rico [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. [Comments on Applicability of Vacancies Act to Various Labor and Education Officers] (No. B-220522.2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuquero, J.M., 2010. A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D., 1993. From Warhol to Rathole. New York Times 714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crutcher, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Crutcher, 2006; Ma and Lin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma and Lin, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Research
AbbreviationStem Cell Res.
ISSN (print)1873-5061
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

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