How to format your references using the Stem Cell Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin, J., 2009. Social science. Friendship as a health factor. Science 323, 454–457.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spalding, M.D., Brown, B.E., 2015. Warm-water coral reefs and climate change. Science 350, 769–771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fahrner, K.A., Ryu, W.S., Berg, H.C., 2003. Biomechanics: bacterial flagellar switching under load. Nature 423, 938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mochizuki, K., Yamada, T., Shinohara, M., Yamanaka, Y., Kanazawa, T., 2008. Weak interplate coupling by seamounts and repeating M approximately 7 earthquakes. Science 321, 1194–1197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, L., 2015. Knowledge and Discourse Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ohtsu, M. (Ed.), 2013. Handbook of Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ko, P.Y., Adamson, B., 2012. Chinese Language Pedagogy and Human Dignity: The Special Rank Teacher in the Aftermath of the Cultural Revolution, in: Leung, C.B., Ruan, J. (Eds.), Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China, Multilingual Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Insects Are the Great Survivors in Evolution: New Study [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Air Traffic Control: Impact of Revised Personnel Relocation Policies Is Uncertain (No. GAO-03-141). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pease, M., 2014. Progress towards the Synthesis of a Potent, Bioavailable and Selective Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase-1 Inactivator (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bennhold, K., 2017. For First Time Since 1800s, Britain Goes a Day Without Burning Coal for Electricity. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cannon, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Frenkel, 2006; Moreno, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spalding and Brown, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosenfeld et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Research
AbbreviationStem Cell Res.
ISSN (print)1873-5061
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

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