How to format your references using the Stem Cell Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haggard, P., 2009. Neuroscience. The sources of human volition. Science 324, 731–733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shim, M., Guyot-Sionnest, P., 2000. n-type colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature 407, 981–983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pavlov, P., Svendsen, J.I., Indrelid, S., 2001. Human presence in the European Arctic nearly 40,000 years ago. Nature 413, 64–67.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, L., Li, S., He, W., Teng, D., Wang, K., Ye, C., 2014. Automatic release of silicon nanowire arrays with a high integrity for flexible electronic devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 3940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat, P., 2014. Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wickramasinghe, N., Troshani, I., Tan, J. (Eds.), 2016. Contemporary Consumer Health Informatics, Healthcare Delivery in the Information Age. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Malpass, J., 2013. Understanding the Risks of Forecasting, in: Owusu, G., O’Brien, P., McCall, J., Doherty, N.F. (Eds.), Transforming Field and Service Operations: Methodologies for Successful Technology-Driven Business Transformation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Male Spiders Who Bring “Nuptial Gifts” Are Cannibalized Less [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. ADP Budget: Analysis of SSA’s Fiscal Year 1988 Information Technology Systems Request (No. IMTEC-87-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bladen, L., 2014. Relationship of Embodied Nursing Knowledge and Client Outcomes in Home Health (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Battered Mets No Match For the Solid Nationals. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haggard, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Haggard, 2009; Shim and Guyot-Sionnest, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shim and Guyot-Sionnest, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Research
AbbreviationStem Cell Res.
ISSN (print)1873-5061
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

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