How to format your references using the Stem Cell Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snow, A., 2003. Genetic engineering: unnatural selection. Nature 424, 619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khoury, M.J., Ioannidis, J.P.A., 2014. Medicine. Big data meets public health. Science 346, 1054–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bietenholz, M.F., Bartel, N., Rupen, M.P., 2004. Discovery of a compact radio component in the center of supernova 1986J. Science 304, 1947–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumar, R., Chaudhary, K., Gupta, S., Singh, H., Kumar, S., Gautam, A., Kapoor, P., Raghava, G.P.S., 2013. CancerDR: cancer drug resistance database. Sci. Rep. 3, 1445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zonnenshain, A., Stauber, S., 2015. Managing and Engineering Complex Technological Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kole, C. (Ed.), 2011. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Industrial Crops. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Q., 2015. In-Situ Urbanization in Tourism-Oriented Towns in China’s Southwest Mountainous Area: A Case Study of Yongxin Town, in: Shen, L., Ye, K., Mao, C. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Beer Waste Used To Make Bones [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Medicare Providers Unknown (No. AIMD-99-243). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C., 2012. Generation-Y leadership: A qualitative phenomenological study of virtual socialization relationships (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Link, K., 2015. Subversive Pleasure. New York Times BR29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snow, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Khoury and Ioannidis, 2014; Snow, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khoury and Ioannidis, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Research
AbbreviationStem Cell Res.
ISSN (print)1873-5061
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

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