How to format your references using the Annals of Joint citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Joint (AOJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Ward C. Regenesis. Nature 2000;404:708.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Insel TR, Sahakian BJ. Drug research: a plan for mental illness. Nature 2012;483:269.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Zimmet P, Alberti KG, Shaw J. Global and societal implications of the diabetes epidemic. Nature 2001;414:782–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Shapiro NM, Campillo M, Stehly L, Ritzwoller MH. High-resolution surface-wave tomography from ambient seismic noise. Science 2005;307:1615–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Räisänen V. Service Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
1
Mills PK. Knowledge Services Management: Organizing Around Internal Markets. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Anwar D, Ransom S, Weiner RS. Communication in Palliative Care. In: Vadivelu N, Kaye AD, Berger JM, editors. Essentials of Palliative Care, New York, NY: Springer, 2013:73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Joint.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Geoengineering Might Work In A Rational World … Sadly We Don’t Live In One. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/geoengineering-might-work-rational-world-sadly-we-don-t-live-one/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. NASA Budget: Potential Shortfalls in Funding NASA’s 5-Year Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Ports MO. Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hollander S. City College Senior Seeks Yet Another Record. New York Times 2003:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Joint
AbbreviationAnn. Jt.
ISSN (online)2415-6809
Scope

Other styles