How to format your references using the Future Computing and Informatics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Computing and Informatics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bland PA. Astronomy. Small-scale observations tell a cosmological story. Science 2008;320:61–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chander R, Mervis J. The bottom line for U.S. life scientists. Science 2001;294:395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moeller S, Freiwald WA, Tsao DY. Patches with links: a unified system for processing faces in the macaque temporal lobe. Science 2008;320:1355–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chibotaru LF, Ceulemans A, Bruyndoncx V, Moshchalkov VV. Symmetry-induced formation of antivortices in mesoscopic superconductors. Nature 2000;408:833–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tatham M, Morton K. Developments in Speech Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Grady LJ. Discrete Calculus: Applied Analysis on Graphs for Computational Science. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan P-R, Ren L-C. Design of an Information System of Production Logistics Tracking (ISPLT) for Tobacco Manufacturing Based on RFID. In: Qi E, Shen J, Dou R, editors. Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: Theory and Apply of Industrial Engineering, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Computing and Informatics Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. There’s An Elephant In The Room. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Administration of the Emergency School Aid Act by OE. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang JR. A Risk Analysis of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain Using Bayesian Networks. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Unexpected State Aid to Ease School Taxes. New York Times 2008:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Computing and Informatics Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Comput. Inform. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7288

Other styles