How to format your references using the Future Computing and Informatics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Computing and Informatics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lloyd S. Quantum information matters. Science 2008;319:1209–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wilson DR, Hare JF. Animal communication: ground squirrel uses ultrasonic alarms. Nature 2004;430:523.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Marangon DG, Vallone G, Villoresi P. Random bits, true and unbiased, from atmospheric turbulence. Sci Rep 2014;4:5490.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Giraldez AJ, Cinalli RM, Glasner ME, Enright AJ, Thomson JM, Baskerville S, et al. MicroRNAs regulate brain morphogenesis in zebrafish. Science 2005;308:833–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ghiani G, Laporte G, Musmanno R. Introduction to Logistics Systems Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Petrie C, Margaria T, Lausen H, Zaremba M, editors. Semantic Web Services Challenge: Results from the First Year. vol. 8. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dang G, Sui Pheng L. Public Investments in Infrastructure for Trade and Economic Development. In: Sui Pheng L, editor. Infrastructure Investments in Developing Economies: The Case of Vietnam, Singapore: Springer; 2015, p. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Computing and Informatics Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Meet The 800-Year-Old Golden Rhinoceros That Challenged Apartheid South Africa. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/meet-the-800yearold-golden-rhinoceros-that-challenged-apartheid-south-africa/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Potential Exists for Enhancing Collaboration on Four Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Eggers M von. Searching for a Post-Jungian Psychophysical Reality in Recovery from Addiction. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. Back to America, Trailing His Legend. New York Times 1999:29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Computing and Informatics Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Comput. Inform. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7288
Scope

Other styles