How to format your references using the Future Computing and Informatics Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Computing and Informatics Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bjorn G. Ready, set, hire. Nature 2008;451:740–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rakow NA, Suslick KS. A colorimetric sensor array for odour visualization. Nature 2000;406:710–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Appelbaum I, Huang B, Monsma DJ. Electronic measurement and control of spin transport in silicon. Nature 2007;447:295–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gabaix X, Gopikrishnan P, Plerou V, Stanley HE. A theory of power-law distributions in financial market fluctuations. Nature 2003;423:267–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Anwar S, Carroll JJ. Carbon Dioxide Thermodynamic Properties Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
McCown D. Teaching Mindfulness: A Practical Guide for Clinicians and Educators. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Heimrich T, Reichelt K, Rusch H, Sattler K-U, Schröder T. Modelling and Streaming Spatiotemporal Audio Data. In: Meersman R, Tari Z, Herrero P, editors. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 7–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Computing and Informatics Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Scientists Create An Artificial Synapse That Can Learn Autonomously. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-create-an-artificial-synapse-that-can-learn-autonomously/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Army’s Risk Assessment of Chemical Munitions Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Johnson R. Grounding theatricality in reality: The creation of the role of Suzie in “Current Nobody.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Treasury Dept. Rejects Plan to Cut Benefits for Teamsters. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Computing and Informatics Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Comput. Inform. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7288
Scope

Other styles