How to format your references using the Clinical and Molecular Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Molecular Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Camba R. Start making sense. Nature. 2000;406:461.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Farrow T, Vedral V. Scale-estimation of quantum coherent energy transport in multiple-minima systems. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5520.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vlemmings WHT, Diamond PJ, Imai H. A magnetically collimated jet from an evolved star. Nature. 2006;440:58–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Temple LK, McLeod RS, Gallinger S, Wright JG. Essays on science and society. Defining disease in the genomics era. Science. 2001;293:807–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Halstead P. Two Oxen Ahead. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Bösch D. Prove di funzionalitä respiratoria: Realizzazione, interpretazione, referti. Criée C-P, editor. Milano: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fang J, Gao X, Gong X, Zhou A. Interpolation Based Local Postprocessing for Adaptive Finite Element Approximations in Electronic Structure Calculations. In: Huang Y, Kornhuber R, Widlund O, Xu J, editors. Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XIX. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Molecular Allergy.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Shark Study Reveals Taste Buds Were Key To Evolution Of Teeth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Need for More Effective Management of Transportation Data Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Feb. Report No.: LCD-75-205.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Knight M. Technological Advancement in Conflict Assessment: A Case Study of the Fund for Peace’s Universal Network of Local Knowledge in Liberia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Picking Up Tennis Balls, and Attention. New York Times. 2012 Sep 6;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Molecular Allergy
AbbreviationClin. Mol. Allergy
ISSN (online)1476-7961
ScopeMolecular Biology
Immunology and Allergy

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