How to format your references using the Frontiers in Emotion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Emotion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ingebritsen, S. E. (2012). Geochemistry. Modeling the formation of porphyry-copper ores. Science 338, 1551–1552.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, P. M., and Jackson, D. D. (2011). Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011). Science 331, 1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qin, Y., Wang, X., and Wang, Z. L. (2008). Microfibre-nanowire hybrid structure for energy scavenging. Nature 451, 809–813.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shulman, J., Malatino, F., Mo, A., Ryan, K., and Gunaratne, G. H. (2014). Controlling networks of nonlinearly-coupled nodes using response surfaces. Sci. Rep. 4, 7574.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms (2011). Engineering Solutions for Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Friedman, E. S. (2009). Handbook of Depression. , ed. I. M. Anderson Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowder, J. A., and Friess, S. (2013). “A New Organization is Needed: Beyond Integrated Product Teams,” in Systems Engineering Agile Design Methodologies, ed. S. Friess (New York, NY: Springer), 23–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Emotion Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). This “Temporary Tattoo” Tells You If You Are Too Drunk. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlain, A. D. (2014). Policy and Behavior: Essays in Applied Microeconomics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J. (2016). A Marathon Back Door That Leads to a Cause. New York Times, SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ingebritsen, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Davis and Jackson, 2011; Ingebritsen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis and Jackson, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Shulman et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Emotion Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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