How to format your references using the Frontiers in Emotion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Emotion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson, K. (2011). Lignocellulose: A chewy problem. Nature 474, S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mirabel, I. F., and Rodrigues, I. (2003). Formation of a black hole in the dark. Science 300, 1119–1120.
A journal article with 3 authors
Broza, Y. Y., Zuri, L., and Haick, H. (2014). Combined volatolomics for monitoring of human body chemistry. Sci. Rep. 4, 4611.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hagai, T., Chen, X., Miragaia, R. J., Rostom, R., Gomes, T., Kunowska, N., et al. (2018). Gene expression variability across cells and species shapes innate immunity. Nature 563, 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steland, A. (2012). Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lai, I. C.-H. (2008). Design and Modeling of Millimeter-Wave CMOS Circuits for Wireless Transceivers: Era of Sub-100nm Technology. , ed. M. Fujishima Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Karwatowski, M., Russek, P., Wielgosz, M., Koryciak, S., and Wiatr, K. (2016). “Energy Efficient Calculations of Text Similarity Measure on FPGA-Accelerated Computing Platforms,” in Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics: 11th International Conference, PPAM 2015, Krakow, Poland, September 6-9, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. R. Wyrzykowski, E. Deelman, J. Dongarra, K. Karczewski, J. Kitowski, and K. Wiatr (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Emotion Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Scientists Selectively Erase And Restore Memories. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleicher, J. (2008). Scenario methods as a means for enhancing organizational learning: A Delphi study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seth Mydans; Erin, and Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article (2004). Moscow’s Gloom Deepens As Fear Becomes Routine. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mirabel and Rodrigues, 2003; Sanderson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mirabel and Rodrigues, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hagai et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Emotion Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles