How to format your references using the Frontiers in Emotion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Emotion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell, T. P. (2013). Materials science. Polymers find plenty of wiggle room at the bottom. Science 341, 1351–1352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jucker, M., and Walker, L. C. (2015). Neurodegeneration: Amyloid-β pathology induced in humans. Nature 525, 193–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armitage, J. J., Collier, J. S., and Minshull, T. A. (2010). The importance of rift history for volcanic margin formation. Nature 465, 913–917.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Marra, G., Clivati, C., Luckett, R., Tampellini, A., Kronjäger, J., Wright, L., et al. (2018). Ultrastable laser interferometry for earthquake detection with terrestrial and submarine cables. Science 361, 486–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann, K., and Kempthorne, O. (2005). Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cossentino, M., Fallah Seghrouchni, A. E., and Winikoff, M. eds. (2013). Engineering Multi-Agent Systems: First International Workshop, EMAS 2013, St. Paul, MN, USA, May 6-7, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jordan, P. (2013). “Analysis techniques for aeroacoustics: noise source identification,” in Noise Sources in Turbulent Shear Flows: Fundamentals and Applications CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences., ed. R. Camussi (Vienna: Springer), 197–287.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Emotion Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Watch An Entire Lake Disappear Down A Hole. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/watch-lava-tube-draining-lake/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Olympic Security: Better Planning Can Enhance U.S. Support to Future Olympic Games. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, G. A. (2015). Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jucker and Walker, 2015; Russell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jucker and Walker, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Marra et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Emotion Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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