How to format your references using the Frontiers in Emotion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Emotion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rieppel, O. (2009). Evolution. How did the turtle get its shell? Science 325, 154–155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gui, C., and Wang, J. (2014). Silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguide based three-input multicasted optical hexadecimal addition/subtraction. Sci. Rep. 4, 7491.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson, C. V., Sali, A., and Baumeister, W. (2007). The molecular sociology of the cell. Nature 450, 973–982.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johnson, M. E., Viggiano, L., Bailey, J. A., Abdul-Rauf, M., Goodwin, G., Rocchi, M., et al. (2001). Positive selection of a gene family during the emergence of humans and African apes. Nature 413, 514–519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lévy, P. (2013). The Semantic Sphere 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huang, C.-C., and Tucker, J. A. eds. (2014). Dao Companion to Japanese Confucian Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Juyumaya, J., and Lambropoulou, S. (2011). “An Adelic Extension of the Jones Polynomial,” in The Mathematics of Knots: Theory and Application, eds. M. Banagl and D. Vogel (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 125–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Emotion Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Footage Of This Huge Bipedal Animal Is Freaking People Out. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Implementing a Data Handling Policy for Space Science Flight Investigations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalcin, D. (2008). A comparison of the Children’s Functional Assessment Rating Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist used in a wraparound program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Apuzzo, M. (2017). Trump Fires Comey Amid Russia Inquiry. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rieppel, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rieppel, 2009; Gui and Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gui and Wang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Emotion Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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