How to format your references using the Frontiers in Emotion Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Emotion Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T. (2001). Airborne telescope delayed as plane is made ready. Nature 411, 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derry, L. A., and Murray, R. W. (2004). Geochemistry. Continental margins and the sulfur cycle. Science 303, 1981–1982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medina, J. F., Nores, W. L., and Mauk, M. D. (2002). Inhibition of climbing fibres is a signal for the extinction of conditioned eyelid responses. Nature 416, 330–333.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Manzano, G., Galve, F., Giorgi, G. L., Hernández-García, E., and Zambrini, R. (2013). Synchronization, quantum correlations and entanglement in oscillator networks. Sci. Rep. 3, 1439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Southard, T. E., Marshall, S. D., and Bonner, L. L. (2015). Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sen, R. (2014). Secularism and Religion in Multi-faith Societies: The Case of India. , eds. W. Wagner and C. Howarth Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Algaba, F., Ro, J. Y., Shen, S. S., and Truong, L. D. (2009). “Testis,” in Frozen Section Library: Genitourinary Tract Frozen Section Library., eds. S. S. Shen and J. Y. Ro (New York, NY: Springer), 137–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Emotion Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Food Poisoning Expert Reveals 6 Things He Refuses To Eat. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). FCC: Policies and Rules Concerning Children’s Television Programming--Revision of Programming Policies for Television Broadcast Stations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan, S. W. (2013). A pedagogical approach to selected études from Étude en douze exercices, S.136 and Études d ’exécution transcendante, S.139 by Franz Liszt.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee, V., and Cowan, A. L. (2013). Skakel Lawyer, In a TV Twist, Is Talk Fodder. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt, 2001; Derry and Murray, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Derry and Murray, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Manzano et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Emotion Science
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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