How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clery D. Six handshakes, then silence. Science. 2014;344:964–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lollar BS, McCollom TM. Geochemistry: biosignatures and abiotic constraints on early life. Nature. 2006;444:E18; discussion E18-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rozin P, Haidt J, Fincher K. Psychology. From oral to moral. Science. 2009;323:1179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Herkenhoff KE, Byrne S, Russell PS, Fishbaugh KE, McEwen AS. Meter-scale morphology of the north polar region of Mars. Science. 2007;317:1711–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Fleming P, Lee R. Orthodontic Functional Appliances. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Iosifidis P. Public Spheres and Mediated Social Networks in the Western Context and Beyond. Wheeler M, editor. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chen Y, Eickmeyer K, Flum J. The Exponential Time Hypothesis and the Parameterized Clique Problem. In: Thilikos DM, Woeginger GJ, editors. Parameterized and Exact Computation: 7th International Symposium, IPEC 2012, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 12-14, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 13–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. King Penguins Adversely Affected By Climate Extremes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: SSA Needs to Address Limitations in Management Controls and Human Capital Planning to Support Modernization Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-308.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eutz RJ. The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; “Vagina Monologues” in Moscow. New York Times. 2005 Jun 11;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Psychiatry
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Psychiatry
ISSN (online)2196-3061

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