How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Blair HT. Neuroscience. Charting the islands of memory. Science. 2014;343:846–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hatzor A, Weiss P. Molecular rulers for scaling down nanostructures. Science. 2001;291:1019–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. van Dokkum PG, Kriek M, Franx M. A high stellar velocity dispersion for a compact massive galaxy at redshift z = 2.186. Nature. 2009;460:717–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Prakriya M, Feske S, Gwack Y, Srikanth S, Rao A, Hogan PG. Orai1 is an essential pore subunit of the CRAC channel. Nature. 2006;443:230–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Design Solutions for Process Equipment Failures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1. Jajodia S, Kant K, Samarati P, Singhal A, Swarup V, Wang C, editors. Secure Cloud Computing. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Burggraf K, De Loera J, Omar M. On Volumes of Permutation Polytopes. In: Bezdek K, Deza A, Ye Y, editors. Discrete Geometry and Optimization. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013. p. 55–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Researcher Faces Jail For Sharing An Academic Thesis Online [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Feb. Report No.: GAO-01-383R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fay JE. California employer perspectives on older working adults specific to the Affordable Care Act health insurance mandate [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Two Stars, Meeting Across a Bible. New York Times. 2009 Jan 18;WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Psychiatry
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Psychiatry
ISSN (online)2196-3061

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