How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation (TOMACS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brooks Hanson. 2008. Mercury, up-close again. Introduction. Science 321, 5885 (July 2008), 58.
A journal article with 2 authors
William F. Forrest and Guy Cavet. 2007. Comment on “The consensus coding sequences of human breast and colorectal cancers.” Science 317, 5844 (September 2007), 1500; author reply 1500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hui-Kuan Lin, Stephan Bergmann, and Pier Paolo Pandolfi. 2004. Cytoplasmic PML function in TGF-beta signalling. Nature 431, 7005 (September 2004), 205–211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han Xiao, Ning Jiang, Erin Schaffner, Eric J. Stockinger, and Esther van der Knaap. 2008. A retrotransposon-mediated gene duplication underlies morphological variation of tomato fruit. Science 319, 5869 (March 2008), 1527–1530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald R. van Deventer, Kenji Imai, and Mark Mesler. 2013. Advanced Financial Risk Management, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Solaris South Tower, Singapore.
An edited book
Li D. Xu, A. Min Tjoa, and Sohail S. Chaudhry (Eds.). 2008. Research and Practical Issues of Enterprise Information Systems II: IFIP TC 8 WG 8.9 International Conference on Research and Practical Issues of Enterprise Information Systems (CONFENIS 2007) October 14–16, 2007, Beijing, China. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Jia He Shu. 2010. Esophageal Cancer. In Alternative and Complementary Therapies for Cancer: Integrative Approaches and Discovery of Conventional Drugs, Moulay Alaoui-Jamali (ed.). Springer US, Boston, MA, 85–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation.

Blog post
Robin Andrews. 2017. 83 Percent Of Us Will Suffer From A Mental Disorder, According To Study. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eleuterio Salvador Buquiran. 2014. Factors affecting members’ retention in Toastmasters International. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gary Milhollin and Kelly Motz. 2003. The World; The Means to Make the Poisons Came From the West. New York Times, 45.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation
AbbreviationACM Trans. Model. Comput. Simul.
ISSN (print)1049-3301
ISSN (online)1558-1195

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