How to format your references using the Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wang J. Comment on “Crystal structures of translocator protein (TSPO) and mutant mimic of a human polymorphism.” Science. 2015 Oct 30;350(6260):519.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gibbs RA, Nelson DL. Human genetics. Primate shadow play. Science. 2003 Feb 28;299(5611):1331–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee SH, Oe T, Blair IA. Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins. Science. 2001 Jun 15;292(5524):2083–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fries P, Reynolds JH, Rorie AE, Desimone R. Modulation of oscillatory neuronal synchronization by selective visual attention. Science. 2001 Feb 23;291(5508):1560–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Brendel R. Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Sarangarajan R, Apte S, editors. Cellular Respiration and Carcinogenesis. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009. XI, 195 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mitsche D, Saad G, Saia J. The Power of Mediation in an Extended El Farol Game. In: Vöcking B, editor. Algorithmic Game Theory: 6th International Symposium, SAGT 2013, Aachen, Germany, October 21-23, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 50–61. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. A Geologist Has Found Part Of A Lost Ocean That Existed Long Before The Atlantic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/a-geologist-has-found-part-of-a-lost-ocean-that-existed-long-before-the-atlantic/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: RCED-00-110R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carrillo J. Parenting education curriculum for single adolescent mothers in foster care [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Helping Hands for Damaged Limbs. New York Times. 2016 Sep 15;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals, Academy of Medicine, Singapore
ISSN (print)0304-4602
Scope

Other styles