How to format your references using the Bioanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Borhani DW. Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science. 332(6034), 1149; author reply 1149 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ratajczak Z, Nippert JB. Comment on “Global resilience of tropical forest and savanna to critical transitions.” Science. 336(6081), 541; author reply 541 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lam FH, Steger DJ, O’Shea EK. Chromatin decouples promoter threshold from dynamic range. Nature. 453(7192), 246–250 (2008).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li X, Wang X, Zhang L, Lee S, Dai H. Chemically derived, ultrasmooth graphene nanoribbon semiconductors. Science. 319(5867), 1229–1232 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hens H. Applied Building Physics. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
1.
Wilson VG, editor. SUMO Regulation of Cellular Processes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Algaba F, Ro JY, Shen SS, Truong LD. Testis. In: Frozen Section Library: Genitourinary Tract. Shen SS, Ro JY (Eds.), Springer, New York, NY, 137–159 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioanalysis.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Did Shakespeare Smoke Weed? [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/did-shakespeare-smoke-weed-pipe-residue-suggests-playwright-used-cannabis/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Student Achievement Standards and Testing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sontag M. Emotion and the Labeling Process. (2006).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Prince Museum Approved. New York Times, C4 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioanalysis
AbbreviationBioanalysis
ISSN (print)1757-6180
ISSN (online)1757-6199
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Medical Laboratory Technology

Other styles