How to format your references using the Bioanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wegner G. Cosmology: gravity tested on large scales. Nature. 477(7366), 541–543 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
Stolow A, Jonas DM. Chemistry. Multidimensional snapshots of chemical dynamics. Science. 305(5690), 1575–1577 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara AK, van Keken PE, Karato S-I. Development of anisotropic structure in the Earth’s lower mantle by solid-state convection. Nature. 416(6878), 310–314 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Akemann W, Sasaki M, Mutoh H, Imamura T, Honkura N, Knöpfel T. Two-photon voltage imaging using a genetically encoded voltage indicator. Sci. Rep. 3, 2231 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair R. Organic Production and Food Quality. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Mitrea I. Multi-Layer Potentials and Boundary Problems: for Higher-Order Elliptic Systems in Lipschitz Domains. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vu H, Echigo T, Yagi K, et al. Image-Enhanced Capsule Endoscopy Preserving the Original Color Tones. In: Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications: Third International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2011, Toronto, ON, Canada, September 18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Yoshida H, Sakas G, Linguraru MG (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 35–43 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioanalysis.

Blog post
Andrew E. AI Researchers Should Not Retreat From Battlefield Robots, They Should Engage Them Head-On [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Relationship of Contractor and Grantee ADP Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochse AR. Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isaac M. Uber’s Use of ‘Greyball’ Tool to Evade Authorities Spurs U.S. Inquiry. New York Times, B3 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioanalysis
ISSN (print)1757-6180
ISSN (online)1757-6199
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Medical Laboratory Technology

Other styles