How to format your references using the Bioanalysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioanalysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hovers E. Archaeology: Tools go back in time. Nature. 521(7552), 294–295 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibson DG, Venter JC. Synthetic biology: Construction of a yeast chromosome. Nature. 509(7499), 168–169 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Charlebois RL, Beiko RG, Ragan MA. Microbial phylogenomics: Branching out. Nature. 421(6920), 217 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Workman CT, Mak HC, McCuine S, et al. A systems approach to mapping DNA damage response pathways. Science. 312(5776), 1054–1059 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Vreeswijk M, Broersen J, Schurink G. Mindfulness and Schema Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kyosev Y, editor. Recent Developments in Braiding and Narrow Weaving. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Shany M, Geva E. Cognitive, Language, and Literacy Development in Socio-culturally Vulnerable School Children – The Case of Ethiopian Israeli Children. In: Current Issues in Bilingualism: Cognitive and Socio-linguistic Perspectives. Leikin M, Schwartz M, Tobin Y (Eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 77–117 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioanalysis.

Blog post
Hale T. The White House Starts Twitter Account To Spread Awareness Of Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell SF. Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal. (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gluck JP. Regretting My Animal Research. New York Times, SR7 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioanalysis
ISSN (print)1757-6180
ISSN (online)1757-6199
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Analytical Chemistry
General Medicine
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Medical Laboratory Technology

Other styles