How to format your references using the Electronics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electronics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Benton, M.J. Evolution. How birds became birds. Science 2014, 345, 508–509.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lazar, M.A.; Birnbaum, M.J. Physiology. De-meaning of metabolism. Science 2012, 336, 1651–1652.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hay Burgess, D.C.; Wasserman, J.; Dahl, C.A. Global health diagnostics. Nature 2006, 444 Suppl 1, 1–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Gaisser, S.; Hopkins, M.M.; Liddell, K.; Zika, E.; Ibarreta, D. The phantom menace of gene patents. Nature 2009, 458, 407–408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Abid, M.M. Spacecraft Sensors; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006; ISBN 9780470865293.
An edited book
1.
On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2011: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, DOA-SVI, and ODBASE 2011, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece, October 17-21, 2011, Proceedings, Part II; Meersman, R., Dillon, T., Herrero, P., Kumar, A., Reichert, M., Qing, L., Ooi, B.-C., Damiani, E., Schmidt, D.C., White, J., Hauswirth, M., Hitzler, P., Mohania, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 7045; ISBN 9783642251054.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hosking, R.J.; Dewar, R.L. Waves in Fluids. In Fundamental Fluid Mechanics and Magnetohydrodynamics; Dewar, R.L., Ed.; Springer: Singapore, 2016; pp. 113–155 ISBN 9789812875990.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electronics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Robot Survey Suggests Antarctic Sea Ice Is Thicker And More Deformed Than Previously Believed Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/robot-survey-suggests-antarctic-sea-ice-thicker-previously-believed/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office Guidelines for Survey of the Pricing of Negotiated Noncompetitive DOD Prime Contracts With McDonnell Douglas and Raytheon and NASA Prime Contracts With General Electric; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Crawford, J.D. Teacher Job Satisfaction as Related to Student Performance on State-Mandated Testing. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Pilon, M. In World of Finance, She Has Already Driven the Green. New York Times 2012, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectronics
AbbreviationElectronics (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-9292
Scope

Other styles