How to format your references using the Animal Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carrell RW (2004) Biomedicine. Prion dormancy and disease. Science 306:1692–1693
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivkin RB, Legendre L (2001) Biogenic carbon cycling in the upper ocean: effects of microbial respiration. Science 291:2398–2400
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi F, Matsushima M, Honkura Y (2005) Simulations of a quasi-Taylor state geomagnetic field including polarity reversals on the Earth Simulator. Science 309:459–461
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang GG, Song J, Wang Z, et al (2009) Haematopoietic malignancies caused by dysregulation of a chromatin-binding PHD finger. Nature 459:847–851

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fencott C, Lockyer M, Clay J, Massey P (2012) Game Invaders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nilius B, Gudermann T, Jahn R, et al (eds) (2015) Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Nakata K, Sabelfeld A (2010) Securing Class Initialization. In: Nishigaki M, Jøsang A, Murayama Y, Marsh S (eds) Trust Management IV: 4th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2010, Morioka, Japan, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 48–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Cognition.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Earth Was Once Completely Covered In A Crusty Shell. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/earth-covered-crusty-shell/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Airport Improvement Program: Update of Allocation of Funds and Passenger Facility Charges, 1992-94. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox DC (2008) A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff D, Kelly D (2005) Music Chronicle. New York Times 724

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carrell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rivkin and Legendre 2001; Carrell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivkin and Legendre 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Cognition
AbbreviationAnim. Cogn.
ISSN (print)1435-9448
ISSN (online)1435-9456
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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