How to format your references using the Journal of Happiness Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Happiness Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J. R. (2014). Climate science: El Niño’s variable history. Nature, 515(7528), 494–495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higgins, M. J., & Graham, S. J. H. (2009). Intellectual property. Balancing innovation and access: patent challenges tip the scales. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5951), 370–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chin, G., Marathe, T., & Roberts, L. (2011). Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 538–539.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krimigis, S. M., Sergis, N., Mitchell, D. G., Hamilton, D. C., & Krupp, N. (2007). A dynamic, rotating ring current around Saturn. Nature, 450(7172), 1050–1053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandru, V., & Hooker, J. (1999). Optimization Methods for Logical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pereira, B. de B. (2016). Model Choice in Nonnested Families. (C. A. de B. Pereira, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carr, C. (2008). World View and the Dynamics of Change: The Beginning and the End of Scioto Hopewell Culture and Lifeways. In C. Carr (Ed.), The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding (pp. 289–328). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Happiness Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 12). “Lost Mayan City” Discovered By Teenager May Not Be A City After All. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System (No. T-RCED-95-219). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betito, J.-J. H. (2012). Improving the well-being of Filipino homebound adults through religious involvement, education, and socialization: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2015, March 26). Chinese Cabby’s Query Prompted an Epiphany. New York Times, p. F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brown 2014; Higgins and Graham 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higgins and Graham 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Krimigis et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Happiness Studies
AbbreviationJ. Happiness Stud.
ISSN (print)1389-4978
ISSN (online)1573-7780
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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