How to format your references using the Journal of Happiness Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Happiness Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDermott, J. (2008). The evolution of music. Nature, 453(7193), 287–288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaked, Y., & Rose, A. (2013). Microbiology. Seas of superoxide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6137), 1176–1177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, X., Wang, Y., & Li, M. (2014). Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter. Scientific reports, 4, 6070.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leduc, G., Vidal, L., Tachikawa, K., Rostek, F., Sonzogni, C., Beaufort, L., & Bard, E. (2007). Moisture transport across Central America as a positive feedback on abrupt climatic changes. Nature, 445(7130), 908–911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen, G. O. (2015). WHOIS Running the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tsioufis, C., Schmieder, R. E., & Mancia, G. (Eds.). (2016). Interventional Therapies for Secondary and Essential Hypertension. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J. Z. M., & Ji, Y. (2016). Paul Yee’s Daoist and Confucian Ethics and Values. In Y. Ji (Ed.), Canadian-Daoist Poetics, Ethics, and Aesthetics: An Interdisciplinary and Cross-cultural Study (pp. 73–89). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Happiness Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 13). Enormous “Frog Penis” That Went Viral Isn’t A Penis At All. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Freight Trucking: Promising Approach for Predicting Carriers’ Safety Risks (No. PEMD-91-13). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henning, J. N. (2014). Top ten effective community college board trustees self-perceived leadership attributes (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cunningham, J. (2017, June 8). Spotting Celebrities on His Lunch Break. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDermott 2008).
This sentence cites two references (McDermott 2008; Shaked and Rose 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shaked and Rose 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Leduc et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Happiness Studies
AbbreviationJ. Happiness Stud.
ISSN (print)1389-4978
ISSN (online)1573-7780
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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