How to format your references using the Journal of Happiness Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Happiness Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Medley, G. F. (2001). Epidemiology. Predicting the unpredictable. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1663–1664.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D., & Brenner, S. (2008). Obituary: Seymour Benzer (1921-2007). Nature, 451(7175), 139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Papp, B., Pál, C., & Hurst, L. D. (2003). Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast. Nature, 424(6945), 194–197.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qin, S., Kim, J., Niu, Q., & Shih, C.-K. (2009). Superconductivity at the two-dimensional limit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1314–1317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, S. (2016). Positive Psychology and Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
El-Osery, A., & Prevost, J. (Eds.). (2015). Control and Systems Engineering: A Report on Four Decades of Contributions (Vol. 27). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Onori, S., Serrao, L., & Rizzoni, G. (2016). Dynamic Programming. In L. Serrao & G. Rizzoni (Eds.), Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Management Strategies (pp. 41–49). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Happiness Studies.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 10). You Have Flies to Thank for That Pleasing Beer Smell. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Selection of Data Centers (No. IMTEC-91-67). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajan, S. (2009). Migration, remittances, and household health: Evidence from South Africa (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, June 29). Freshness City Dwellers Hunger For. New York Times, p. NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Medley 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Brenner 2008; Medley 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Brenner 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Qin et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Happiness Studies
AbbreviationJ. Happiness Stud.
ISSN (print)1389-4978
ISSN (online)1573-7780
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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