How to format your references using the Journal of Happiness Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Happiness Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hellemans, A. (2000). SPACE SCIENCE: Europe Set to Work on Hubble’s Replacement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5487), 2019a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gulev, S. K., & Latif, M. (2015). Ocean science: The origins of a climate oscillation. Nature, 521(7553), 428–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinks, D. G., Claus, H., & Jorgensen, J. D. (2001). The complex nature of superconductivity in MgB2 as revealed by the reduced total isotope effect. Nature, 411(6836), 457–460.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, Y. Y., Cunin, F., Link, J. R., Gao, T., Betts, R. E., Reiver, S. H., et al. (2003). Polymer replicas of photonic porous silicon for sensing and drug delivery applications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 2045–2047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, A. W., & Frobenius, R. (2008). RF Measurements for Cellular Phones and Wireless Data Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, S.-J. (2012). Reconfigurable Networks-on-Chip. (Y.-C. Lan, W.-C. Tsai, & Y.-H. Hu, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bilinski, C., LaChance, A., & Murphy, M. J. (2012). Clinical and Histopathological Parameters in Melanoma. In M. J. Murphy (Ed.), Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets in Melanoma (pp. 49–67). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Happiness Studies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 9). How To Super-Charge Your Memory Abilities Like The Ancient Greeks. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology (No. RCED-93-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tchen, Y. (2010). An evaluation of the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of health care associated infection (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brownmiller, S. (2017, September 29). Hugh Hefner Was My Enemy. New York Times, p. SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hellemans 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gulev and Latif 2015; Hellemans 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gulev and Latif 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Happiness Studies
AbbreviationJ. Happiness Stud.
ISSN (print)1389-4978
ISSN (online)1573-7780
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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