How to format your references using the Journal of Happiness Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Happiness Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlesworth, B. (2010). Evolution. Variation catches a ride. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6002), 326–327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vincent, A. C. J., & Harris, J. M. (2014). Marine Science. Boundless no more. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6208), 420–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, I. A., Roberts, R. W., & Szostak, J. W. (2004). The emergence of competition between model protocells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1474–1476.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vanag, V. K., Yang, L., Dolnik, M., Zhabotinsky, A. M., & Epstein, I. R. (2000). Oscillatory cluster patterns in a homogeneous chemical system with global feedback. Nature, 406(6794), 389–391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheng, L., Lopez-Beltran, A., & Bostwick, D. G. (2012). Bladder Pathology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dietrich, M., & Haase, J. (Eds.). (2012). Process Variations and Probabilistic Integrated Circuit Design. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shen, Z.-J. (2006). Progress in Binary Medium Modeling of Geological Materials. In W. Wu & H.-S. Yu (Eds.), Modern Trends in Geomechanics (pp. 77–99). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Happiness Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 16). Researchers Have Developed A Stretchable Loudspeaker. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Higher Education: Information Sharing Could Help Institutions Identify and Address Challenges Some Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Students Face (No. GAO-07-925). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley, C. J. (2010). A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4 (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glionna, J. M. (2016, December 23). A Vietnam-Era Deserter Hopes to Rally a New Antiwar Generation. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charlesworth 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Charlesworth 2010; Vincent and Harris 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vincent and Harris 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vanag et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Happiness Studies
AbbreviationJ. Happiness Stud.
ISSN (print)1389-4978
ISSN (online)1573-7780
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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