How to format your references using the Analytical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. M. Wilson, Science, 2009, 324, 727.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Eichelkraut and A. Szameit, Nature, 2015, 526, 643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z.-K. Liu, Y. Wang, and S. Shang, Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 7043.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Gauron, C. Rampon, M. Bouzaffour, E. Ipendey, J. Teillon, M. Volovitch, and S. Vriz, Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, 2084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Ghosh and S. Berg, “Arrow Pushing in Inorganic Chemistry”, 2014, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Socionics: Scalability of Complex Social Systems”, 2005, ed. Klaus Fischer, Michael Florian, and Thomas Malsch, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-W. Simon, “Direct Methods for Limit and Shakedown Analysis of Structures: Advanced Computational Algorithms and Material Modelling”, ed. Paolo Fuschi, Aurora Angela Pisano, and Dieter Weichert, 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytical Sciences.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Amazingly Intricate Spider Web Uses Suspended Rock As An Anchor,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Internet Management: Limited Progress on Privatization Project Makes Outcome Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
I. Salmons, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Southall, Brownsville Residents Seek Answers After a Mentally Ill Ex-Convict Is Fatally Shot, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytical Sciences
AbbreviationAnal. Sci.
ISSN (print)0910-6340
ISSN (online)1348-2246
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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