How to format your references using the Analytical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Analytical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. E. Visvader, Nature, 2011, 469, 314.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. T. Hennessy and T. A. Betley, Science, 2013, 340, 591.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. P. Rakitzis, A. J. van den Brom, and M. H. M. Janssen, Science, 2004, 303, 1852.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Barabé, J. A. Kennedy, K. J. Hope, and J. E. Dick, Science, 2007, 316, 600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. E. Rowe, “Electromagnetic Propagation in Multi-Mode Random Media”, 2001, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies”, 2011, 1st ed. , ed. Marida Bertocchi, Giorgio Consigli, and Michael A. H. Dempster, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
K.-U. Schrogl, S. Pagkratis, and B. Baranes, “Yearbook on Space Policy 2009/2010: Space for Society”, ed. Kai-Uwe Schrogl, Spyros Pagkratis, and Blandina Baranes, 2011, Springer, Vienna, 217.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Analytical Sciences.

Blog post
E. Andrew, In The Search For Alien Life, Little Green Men Are Out and Purple Bacteria Are In,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1989, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. E. Gittens, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Table Tennis Beside a Bank, and Other Contests Intended to ‘Reclaim’ Midtown, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnalytical Sciences
AbbreviationAnal. Sci.
ISSN (print)0910-6340
ISSN (online)1348-2246
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry

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