How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuropsychiatric Imaging and Stimulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuropsychiatric Imaging and Stimulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristoufek, L. (2013). BitCoin meets Google Trends and Wikipedia: quantifying the relationship between phenomena of the Internet era. Sci. Rep. 3, 3415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ravizza, G., and Peucker-Ehrenbrink, B. (2003). Chemostratigraphic evidence of Deccan volcanism from the marine osmium isotope record. Science 302, 1392–1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuba, H., Oichi, Y., and Ohmori, H. (2010). Presynaptic activity regulates Na(+) channel distribution at the axon initial segment. Nature 465, 1075–1078.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ji, Y., Zhang, B., Van, S. F., Horn, Warren, P., Woodnutt, G., et al. (2001). Identification of critical staphylococcal genes using conditional phenotypes generated by antisense RNA. Science 293, 2266–2269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M. (2015). Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dix, J., and Leite, J. eds. (2005). Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 4th International Workshop, CLIMA IV, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA, January 6-7, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rota Bulò, S., and Pelillo, M. (2009). “New Bounds on the Clique Number of Graphs Based on Spectral Hypergraph Theory,” in Learning and Intelligent Optimization: Third International Conference, LION 3, Trento, Italy, January 14-18, 2009. Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. T. Stützle (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuropsychiatric Imaging and Stimulation.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Time-Lapse Of Bird’s Nest Has An Unexpected Ending. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/gopro-timelapse-captures-unexpected-moment-birds-nest/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Highway Safety: NHTSA’s Activities Concerning State Motorcycle Helmet Laws. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro, R. (2012). Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Pentatonix Album Tops Billboard’s Chart Again. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kristoufek, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kristoufek, 2013; Ravizza and Peucker-Ehrenbrink, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ravizza and Peucker-Ehrenbrink, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ji et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuropsychiatric Imaging and Stimulation
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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