How to format your references using the Anaesthesia and Intensive Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chast F. Obituary: Pierre Potier (1934-2006). Nature. 2006 Mar 16;440(7082):291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reisz RR, Smith MM. Developmental biology. Lungfish dental pattern conserved for 360 Myr. Nature. 2001 May 31;411(6837):548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Olsen A, Vantipalli MC, Lithgow GJ. Checkpoint proteins control survival of the postmitotic cells in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science. 2006 Jun 2;312(5778):1381–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang G, Qi P, Wang X, Lu Y, Li X, Tu R, et al. Selective etching of metallic carbon nanotubes by gas-phase reaction. Science. 2006 Nov 10;314(5801):974–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nógrádi M. Stereoselective Synthesis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2007.
An edited book
Goodarzi E. Introduction to Optimization Analysis in Hydrosystem Engineering. Ziaei M, Hosseinipour EZ, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIII, 296 p. 152 illus., 143 illus. in color. (Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality; vol. 25).
A chapter in an edited book
Garnier E, Adams N, Sagaut P. Explicit Structural Modeling. In: Adams N, Sagaut P, editors. Large Eddy Simulation for Compressible Flows. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 95–118. (Chattot JJ, Colella P, Eist W, Glowinski R, Hussaini Y, Joly P, et al., editors. Scientific Computation).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anaesthesia and Intensive Care.

Blog post
Andrew E. What the Dog-Fish and Camel-Bird can tell us about how our brains work [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automated Patent System: Information on PTO’s Program to Automate Patent Information and Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 May. Report No.: T-IMTEC-92-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ibarra AL. Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glanz J, Sanger DE. Trump, Who Pledged to Overhaul Nuclear Arsenal, Now Faces Higher Costs. New York Times. 2017 Jun 4;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
ISSN (print)0310-057X
ISSN (online)1448-0271

Other styles