How to format your references using the AMS Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AMS Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rocha, E. P. C. (2013). Evolution. With a little help from prokaryotes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6124), 1154–1155.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bray, P. S., & Anderson, K. B. (2009). Identification of Carboniferous (320 million years old) class Ic amber. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5949), 132–134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ge, D.-Z., Sheng, Y., & Cai, X. (2014). Combined staurosporine and retinoic acid induces differentiation in retinoic acid resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia cell lines. Scientific reports, 4, 4821.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schmitz, D., Schmitz-Antoniak, C., Warland, A., Darbandi, M., Haldar, S., Bhandary, S., et al. (2014). The dipole moment of the spin density as a local indicator for phase transitions. Scientific reports, 4, 5760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure. (1987). Tray Distillation Columns. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lehner, W. (2013). Web-Scale Data Management for the Cloud. (K.-U. Sattler, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carroll, J. E. (2016). The Environment is a Moral and Spiritual Issue. In S. Dhiman & J. Marques (Eds.), Spirituality and Sustainability: New Horizons and Exemplary Approaches (pp. 49–71). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AMS Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 7). Genetically Modified Mosquitoes Released In Brazil. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida (No. NSIAD-84-77). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph, W. R. (2002). Physical Characterization of Vernix Caseosa: Implications for Biological Function (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 29). Big Setback For Wright; Season Ends For Cespedes. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rocha 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bray and Anderson 2009; Rocha 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bray and Anderson 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmitz et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAMS Review
AbbreviationAMS Rev.
ISSN (print)1869-814X
ISSN (online)1869-8182

Other styles