How to format your references using the Amino Acids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Amino Acids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan M (2009) Economics: Meltdown modelling. Nature 460:680–682
A journal article with 2 authors
Bercovici D, Ricard Y (2014) Plate tectonics, damage and inheritance. Nature 508:513–516
A journal article with 3 authors
Langer P, Hogendoorn K, Keller L (2004) Tug-of-war over reproduction in a social bee. Nature 428:844–847
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim BJ, Tersoff J, Kodambaka S, et al (2008) Kinetics of individual nucleation events observed in nanoscale vapor-liquid-solid growth. Science 322:1070–1073

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui SH (2011) Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Park JH, Zhan J, Lee C, et al (eds) (2009) Advances in Information Security and Its Application: Third International Conference, ISA 2009, Seoul, Korea, June 25-27, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pendergast JM, Ward JL, de Pontet SB (2011) The Special Value of Independent Directors to the Family Business. In: Ward JL, Pontet SB de (eds) Building a Successful Family Business Board: A Guide for Leaders, Directors, and Families. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 35–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Amino Acids.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) The Arctic Is Experiencing Its Earliest Ever Snowmelt. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Social Security Administration: Information Systems Could Improve Processing Attorney Fee Payments in Disability Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon CA (2017) Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2009) Districts Pursue School-Closing Plans to Save Money. New York Times LI5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchanan 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Buchanan 2009; Bercovici and Ricard 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bercovici and Ricard 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmino Acids
AbbreviationAmino Acids
ISSN (print)0939-4451
ISSN (online)1438-2199
Clinical Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry

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