How to format your references using the Amino Acids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Amino Acids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott KW (2003) Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends? Science 302:579–580
A journal article with 2 authors
Yack JE, Fullard JH (2000) Ultrasonic hearing in nocturnal butterflies. Nature 403:265–266
A journal article with 3 authors
Schroeder JI, Kwak JM, Allen GJ (2001) Guard cell abscisic acid signalling and engineering drought hardiness in plants. Nature 410:327–330
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meehl GA, Washington WM, Collins WD, et al (2005) How much more global warming and sea level rise? Science 307:1769–1772

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilmore R, Lefranc M (2011) The Topology of Chaos. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Khattab A (2013) Cognitive Radio Networks: From Theory to Practice. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Nagnibeda E, Kustova E (2009) Multi-Temperature Models in Transport and Relaxation Theory. In: Kustova E (ed) Non-Equilibrium Reacting Gas Flows: Kinetic Theory of Transport and Relaxation Processes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Amino Acids.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Spectacular New Images Show Enormous Glacier On Mars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Bigeye Bomb: An Evaluation of DOD’s Chemical and Developmental Tests. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penney G (2010) Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Puig’s Popularity Reflects Growing Hispanic Interest. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldecott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Yack and Fullard 2000; Caldecott 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yack and Fullard 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Meehl et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmino Acids
AbbreviationAmino Acids
ISSN (print)0939-4451
ISSN (online)1438-2199
Clinical Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry

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