How to format your references using the Amino Acids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Amino Acids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor WR (2002) A “periodic table” for protein structures. Nature 416:657–660
A journal article with 2 authors
Belloc E, Méndez R (2008) A deadenylation negative feedback mechanism governs meiotic metaphase arrest. Nature 452:1017–1021
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrascheck M, Ye X, Buck LB (2007) An antidepressant that extends lifespan in adult Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 450:553–556
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tumino A, Spitaleri C, La Cognata M, et al (2018) An increase in the 12C + 12C fusion rate from resonances at astrophysical energies. Nature 557:687–690

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinclair E (2013) Volatility Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lendeckel U, Hooper NM (eds) (2005) Proteases In The Brain. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Kegl B, Kegl M, Pehan S (2013) Effects of Biodiesel Usage on Injection Process Characteristics. In: Kegl M, Pehan S (eds) Green Diesel Engines: Biodiesel Usage in Diesel Engines. Springer, London, pp 127–152

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Amino Acids.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Slow Motion Video Reveals How Raindrops Fall on Sand Like Asteroids. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Steps Remain in Incorporating Lessons Learned from Other Satellite Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toothaker RD (2014) A phenomenological study of millennial students and traditional pedagogies. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; CLINTON IS LEERY OF PREMATURE JOY. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor 2002; Belloc and Méndez 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belloc and Méndez 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tumino et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmino Acids
AbbreviationAmino Acids
ISSN (print)0939-4451
ISSN (online)1438-2199
Clinical Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry

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