How to format your references using the Acta Materialia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Materialia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.D. Sachs, A new global effort to control malaria, Science. 298 (2002) 122–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Owusu-Ansah, U. Banerjee, Reactive oxygen species prime Drosophila haematopoietic progenitors for differentiation, Nature. 461 (2009) 537–541.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. Loeffler, D. Nelson, V.A. Fischetti, Rapid killing of Streptococcus pneumoniae with a bacteriophage cell wall hydrolase, Science. 294 (2001) 2170–2172.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.D. Stone, M. Mihalusova, C.M. O’connor, R. Prathapam, K. Collins, X. Zhuang, Stepwise protein-mediated RNA folding directs assembly of telomerase ribonucleoprotein, Nature. 446 (2007) 458–461.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Chen, Performance Evaluation by Simulation and Analysis with Applications to Computer Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
I.V. Sergienko, Optimization Models in a Transition Economy, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
P.M. Scharf, Rule-Blocking and Forward-Looking Conditions in the Computational Modelling of Pāṇinian Derivation, in: G.N. Jha (Ed.), Sanskrit Computational Linguistics: 4th International Symposium, New Delhi, India, December 10-12, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 48–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Materialia.

Blog post
B. Taub, New Study Reveals The History Of Cats’ Global Empire, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FAA Budget: Management Attention Needed for Future Investment Decisions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.E. Sutherland, Positive deviance during organization change: Researchers’ social construction of expanded university goals, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, After a 32-Year Journey, Justice Stevens Renounces Capital Punishment, New York Times. (2008) A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Materialia
AbbreviationActa Mater.
ISSN (print)1359-6454
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Metals and Alloys
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles