How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmitz, R.J. 2014. Genetics. The secret garden--epigenetic alleles underlie complex traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343, 1082–1083.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutchinson, J.R. & Garcia, M. 2002. Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. Nature, 415, 1018–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kushiro, T., Nambara, E. & McCourt, P. 2003. Hormone evolution: The key to signalling. Nature, 422, 122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Porath, D., Bezryadin, A., de Vries, S. & Dekker, C. 2000. Direct measurement of electrical transport through DNA molecules. Nature, 403, 635–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer, M.D. 2016. Transportation Planning Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Das, G. & Gulati, V.P. (Eds). 2005. Intelligent Information Technology: 7th International Conference on Information Technology, CIT 2004, Hyderabad, India, December 20-23, 2004. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ukimura, O. & Gill, I.S. 2006. Cryoablation for Renal Cell Carcinoma. In: Interventional Management of Urological Diseases (eds. Baba, S. & Ono, Y.), pp. 65–74. Springer Japan, Tokyo.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Ghostly Images Show The Aftermath Of Canada’s Devastating Wildfire. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Security: Progress Made but Actions Needed to Address Challenges in Meeting the Air Cargo Screening Mandate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lakin, B.K. 2009. Reading First program effects on students with disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2001. A New Battleground for an Old War: The Internet. New York Times, 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmitz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schmitz, 2014, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutchinson & Garcia, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Porath et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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