How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smolke, C.D. 2009. Cell biology. It’s the DNA that counts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 1156–1157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman, I. & Clausen, B.E. 2010. Immunology. Beta-catenin balances immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329, 767–769.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richmond, J.E., Weimer, R.M. & Jorgensen, E.M. 2001. An open form of syntaxin bypasses the requirement for UNC-13 in vesicle priming. Nature, 412, 338–341.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saito, Y., Takao, H., Tani, T., Nonoyama, T., Takatori, K., Homma, T., Nagaya, T. & Nakamura, M. 2004. Lead-free piezoceramics. Nature, 432, 84–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley, W. & Pamela, B. 2017. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Fröding, B. 2015. Neuroenhancement: how mental training and meditation can promote epistemic virtue (W Osika, Ed.). 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaddad, F.R. & Cook, M.L. 2007. Conversions and Other Forms of Exit in U.S. Agricultural Cooperatives. In: Vertical Markets and Cooperative Hierarchies: The Role of Cooperatives in the Agri-Food Industry (ed. Nilsson, J.), pp. 61–72. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Antibiotic Resistance Now A Global Threat According To Latest WHO Report. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. NextGen Air Transportation System: FAA Has Made Some Progress in Midterm Implementation, but Ongoing Challenges Limit Expected Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mauger, G.S. 2008. Synoptic sensitivities of subtropical clouds: Separating aerosol effects from meteorology. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Luongo, M.T. 2017. In Detroit, a Theater Establishes a Beat. New York Times, AR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smolke, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Smolke, 2009; Mellman & Clausen, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mellman & Clausen, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Saito et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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