How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zinner, E. 2003. Planetary science. An isotopic view of the early solar system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 265–267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiberstis, P. & Roberts, L. 2014. Breast cancer. A race still unfinished. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343, 1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tibi, R., Wiens, D.A. & Inoue, H. 2003. Remote triggering of deep earthquakes in the 2002 Tonga sequences. Nature, 424, 921–925.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piro, N.A., Figueroa, J.S., McKellar, J.T. & Cummins, C.C. 2006. Triple-bond reactivity of diphosphorus molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 1276–1279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts. 2014. MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Peterson, M.P. (Ed). 2008. International Perspectives on Maps and the Internet. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Goggin, G. 2009. Mobile Learning: The Significance of New Mobile and Wireless Communications Technologies for Education. In: Comparative Information Technology: Languages, Societies and the Internet (eds. Gibbs, D. & Zajda, J.), pp. 65–78. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. A Chinese Doctor Is Now Planning A Human Head Transplant. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Job Training Partnership Act: Actions Needed to Improve Participant Support Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryan, D. 2015. Facilitators or impediments to college readiness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. 2007. Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zinner, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Zinner, 2003; Kiberstis & Roberts, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiberstis & Roberts, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Piro et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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