How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verma, I.M. 2013. Medicine. Gene therapy that works. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 853–855.
A journal article with 2 authors
Korf, H.-W. & Wicht, H. 2004. The public cadaver. Nature, 428, 805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lanzillo, N.A., Kharche, N. & Nayak, S.K. 2014. Substrate-induced band gap renormalization in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Scientific reports, 4, 3609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lopert, A., Rijavec, M., Zavbi, M., Korošec, P. & Fležar, M. 2013. Asthma treatment outcome in adults is associated with rs9910408 in TBX21 gene. Scientific reports, 3, 2915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dos Santos, E.C., Jr & Cabral da Silva, E.R. 2014. ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
O’Neil, H.F., Perez, R.S. & Baker, E.L. (Eds). 2014. Teaching and Measuring Cognitive Readiness. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Koziel, S. & Ogurtsov, S. 2014. Low-Fidelity Antenna Models. In: Antenna Design by Simulation-Driven Optimization (ed. Ogurtsov, S.), pp. 45–52. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. Schrödinger’s Cat Experiment Lets Scientists Watch Molecules In Two States At Once. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Guaranteed Student Loans: Credit Bureau Reporting Practices by Guaranty Agencies and Lenders. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghaei Lakeh, A. 2013. Approximate Analytical Solutions of a Generalized van der Pol Oscillator. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. 2017. 21 Killed in Series of Car Bomb Blasts in Syria’s Capital. New York Times, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Verma, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Korf & Wicht, 2004; Verma, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Korf & Wicht, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lopert et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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