How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller, M.M. 2001. Object processing in the infant brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292, 163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, C. & Hartwig, J.F. 2014. Rhodium-catalyzed intermolecular C-H silylation of arenes with high steric regiocontrol. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343, 853–857.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietz, T., Ostrom, E. & Stern, P.C. 2003. The struggle to govern the commons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302, 1907–1912.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vöhringer-Martinez, E., Hansmann, B., Hernandez-Soto, H., Hernandez, H., Francisco, J.S., Troe, J. & Abel, B. 2007. Water catalysis of a radical-molecule gas-phase reaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315, 497–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards, A. & Dafydd, H. 2014. Key Notes on Plastic Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hirao, T. (Ed). 2015. Functionalized Redox Systems: Synthetic Reactions and Design of π- and Bio-Conjugates. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Almeida, J.B., Frade, M.J., Pinto, J.S. & Melo de Sousa, S. 2011. Hoare Logic. In: Rigorous Software Development: An Introduction to Program Verification (eds. Frade, M.J., Pinto, J.S. & Melo de Sousa, S.), pp. 129–157. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. Tiny 3D-Printed Microbots Could Be Used As A Drug Delivery System. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. OMB Needs To More Fully Consider Government-Wide Implications in Its Telecommunications Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Svarda, D. 2010. Man 2 Man. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2017. Suburban Touches With a Bustling Downtown. New York Times, RE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Müller, 2001; Cheng & Hartwig, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng & Hartwig, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vöhringer-Martinez et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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