How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2004. Balancing the books. Nature, 428, 781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jox, R. & Gewin, V. 2003. Engineering your own path. Nature, 425, 327.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henikoff, S., Ahmad, K. & Malik, H.S. 2001. The centromere paradox: stable inheritance with rapidly evolving DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293, 1098–1102.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Allison, T.J., Winter, C.C., Fournié, J.J., Bonneville, M. & Garboczi, D.N. 2001. Structure of a human gammadelta T-cell antigen receptor. Nature, 411, 820–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Shuhail, A.A., Al-Dossary, S.A. & Mousa, W.A. 2017. Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cañada, A. 2015. A Variational Approach to Lyapunov Type Inequalities: From ODEs to PDEs (S Villegas, Ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Do, L.L.T.N., Nguyen Do, L.L.T., Axe, J.B., McKnight, C., Ball, C.R., Hall, J.N., Noggle, C.A., Williams, S.A.S., Waddell, T., Odland, A.P., Mittenberg, W., Weller-Clarke, A., Watt, F., Fornoff, A., Fornoff, A., Pavelka, L.C., Ball, C.R., Weymouth, L., Howe, T.R., Koulenti, T., Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, X., Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous, X., Georgiou, N., Guerra, N.S., Bolt, N., Sonnentag, T.L., Barnett, M.A., Vanderlaan, A.F., Prinzi, L., Mittenberg, W., Kilanowski-Press, L., Watson, S.T., Brown, D., Essau, C.A., Palazzi, S., Santos, E., Noggle, C.A., Walrath, R., Snarey, J., Poole, S., Poole, S., Snarey, J., Axe, J.B., Leeth, C., Stovall, S., Castañeda-Sound, C.L., Dorliae, F.C., Atingdui, N., Farnfield, S., Essau, C.A., Avirett, E.K., Maricle, D.E., Avirett, E.K., Maricle, D.E., Chang, M.Y., Dean, R.S., Frazier, M.S., Means, C., Gurley, J.R., Williams, S.A.S., Grote-Garcia, S.A., McDowell, F.D., Phelps, B.I., Walrath, R., Hsieh, P.-H., Watson, S.T., Davis, D., MacKay, A. & Sander, J. 2011. 2004 Education for All Handicapped Children Act. In: Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development (eds. Goldstein, S. & Naglieri, J.A.), pp. 547–547. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. CRISPR Has Been Used To Edit Genes In Humans For The First Time. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Civilian Agencies’ Management and Use of Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, A.M. 2009. A novel role for MUC7 mucin glycoprotein in the innate immunity and genetic propensity of asthma. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. 2010. A Housing Project That Embraces A City and Nature. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jox & Gewin, 2003; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jox & Gewin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Allison et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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