How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Insel, T.R. 2010. Rethinking schizophrenia. Nature, 468, 187–193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mezbahul-Islam, M. & Medraj, M. 2013. Phase equilibrium in Mg-Cu-Y. Scientific reports, 3, 3033.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savukov, I.M., Lee, S.-K. & Romalis, M.V. 2006. Optical detection of liquid-state NMR. Nature, 442, 1021–1024.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
King, M.-C., Marks, J.H., Mandell, J.B. & New York Breast Cancer Study Group. 2003. Breast and ovarian cancer risks due to inherited mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302, 643–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. 2016. VoLTE and ViLTE. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Salvadori, L. (Ed). 2011. Stability Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pawlowski, S., Crespo, J. & Velizarov, S. 2016. Sustainable Power Generation from Salinity Gradient Energy by Reverse Electrodialysis. In: Electrokinetics Across Disciplines and Continents: New Strategies for Sustainable Development (eds. Ribeiro, A.B., Mateus, E.P. & Couto, N.), pp. 57–80. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017. Early Universe Galaxies Like Ours Are Surrounded By “Super Halos.” IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Lost in Space? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mycroft, D. 2012. Minorities in leadership and financial performance of their Fortune 500 companies. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. 1999. Rutgers Misses Shot At a Victory. New York Times, 87.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Insel, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Insel, 2010; Mezbahul-Islam & Medraj, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mezbahul-Islam & Medraj, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (King et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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