How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. 2002. Where are all the students? Nature, 420, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casadevall, A. & Pirofski, L.-A. 2014. Microbiology: Ditch the term pathogen. Nature, 516, 165–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ribeiro, B., Perra, N. & Baronchelli, A. 2013. Quantifying the effect of temporal resolution on time-varying networks. Scientific reports, 3, 3006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rohs, R., West, S.M., Sosinsky, A., Liu, P., Mann, R.S. & Honig, B. 2009. The role of DNA shape in protein-DNA recognition. Nature, 461, 1248–1253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodman, A.H. 2012. Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Li, Q., Aili, D., Hjuler, H.A. & Jensen, J.O. (Eds). 2016. High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells: Approaches, Status, and Perspectives. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lund, M.S., Refsdal, A. & Stølen, K. 2010. 4 Semantics of UML Models for Dynamic Behavior. In: Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Real-Time Systems: International Dagstuhl Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 4-9, 2007. Revised Selected Papers (eds. Giese, H., Karsai, G., Lee, E., Rumpe, B. & Schätz, B.), pp. 77–103. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. Chimps Outsmart Humans When It Comes To Game Theory. IFLScience, (At: Accessed: 30/10/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Alternative Market Mechanisms for the Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, A.L. 2014. The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard, A. 2017. U.S. Coalition Munition Use Is Scrutinized In Syria. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Casadevall & Pirofski, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casadevall & Pirofski, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rohs et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Science
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1351-0754
ISSN (online)1365-2389
ScopeSoil Science

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