How to format your references using the American Journal of Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Translational Research (AJTR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lloyd S. Quantum computing. Computation from geometry. Science 2001; 292:1669.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hazeltine E, Ivry RB. Neuroscience. Can we teach the cerebellum new tricks? Science 2002; 296:1979–1980.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rai VK, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH. Photochemical mass-independent sulfur isotopes in achondritic meteorites. Science 2005; 309:1062–1065.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Kawabuchi M, Satomi Y, Takao T, Shimonishi Y, Nada S, Nagai K, Tarakhovsky A, Okada M. Transmembrane phosphoprotein Cbp regulates the activities of Src-family tyrosine kinases. Nature 2000; 404:999–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bilisoly R. Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Oliver MA. Basic Steps in Geostatistics: The Variogram and Kriging. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pittock J, Hussey K, Stone A. Groundwater Management Under Global Change: Sustaining Biodiversity, Energy and Food Supplies. In: Jakeman AJ, Barreteau O, Hunt RJ, Rinaudo J-D, Ross A, editors. Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Translational Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Astronomers Spot Planet Forming. IFLScience 2014; .

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review of the District of Columbia’s Automatic Data Processing Operations. 1980; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chamoun TJ. A paleopathological survey of ancient Peruvian crania housed at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts: A special emphasis on scurvy. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. A Thick Résumé for a Tough Job. New York Times 2011; D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Translational Research
ISSN (online)1943-8141
Scope

Other styles