How to format your references using the American Journal of Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Translational Research (AJTR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Baker M. Functional genomics: The changes that count. Nature 2012; 482:257, 259–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hitti FL, Siegelbaum SA. The hippocampal CA2 region is essential for social memory. Nature 2014; 508:88–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hammami A, Raymond N, Armand M. Lithium-ion batteries: runaway risk of forming toxic compounds. Nature 2003; 424:635–636.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Rappé MS, Connon SA, Vergin KL, Giovannoni SJ. Cultivation of the ubiquitous SAR11 marine bacterioplankton clade. Nature 2002; 418:630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Krabbes G, Fuchs G, Canders W-R, May H, Palka R. High Temperature Superconductor Bulk Materials. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Gattringer C. Quantum Chromodynamics on the Lattice: An Introductory Presentation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fišer O, Szűcsová H, Grimmer V, Popelka J, Vonásek V, Krajník T, Chudoba J. A Mobile Robot for Small Object Handling. In: Gottscheber A, Obdržálek D, Schmidt C, editors. Research and Education in Robotics - EUROBOT 2009: International Conference, La Ferté-Bernard, France, May 21-23, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Translational Research.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Evidence Of An Ancient Mega-Flood On Mars. IFLScience 2017; .

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Asbestos in Schools: A Dilemma. 1982; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fearrington ND. The relationship between fathers’ pre -natal involvement with the mother and post -natal involvement with the child(ren). Doctoral dissertation. Capella University. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Picker L. Low-Profile Deal Maker Is Choice to Head S.E.C. New York Times 2017; A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Translational Research
ISSN (online)1943-8141
Scope

Other styles