How to format your references using the American Journal of Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Translational Research (AJTR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feagin R. Journal club. A coastal ecologist sees the hidden effects of hurricanes. Nature 2009; 461:319.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murakami M, Kouyama T. Crystal structure of squid rhodopsin. Nature 2008; 453:363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood BJ, Walter MJ, Wade J. Accretion of the Earth and segregation of its core. Nature 2006; 441:825–833.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Büttner TFS, Kabakova IV, Hudson DD, Pant R, Poulton CG, Judge AC, Eggleton BJ. Phase-locking and pulse generation in multi-frequency brillouin oscillator via four wave mixing. Sci Rep 2014; 4:5032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees PA. An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Mancebo F, Sachs I (Eds.). Transitions to Sustainability. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Baust JM, Corwin WL, VanBuskirk R, Baust JG. Biobanking: The Future of Cell Preservation Strategies. In: Karimi-Busheri F, editor. Biobanking in the 21st Century. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 37–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Translational Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stanford Scientists Develop A Way To Wirelessly Transfer Power To Deep Tissue Implants. IFLScience 2014; .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electromagnetic Interference with Medical Devices. 1995; .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaghdoun E. Entre lettres et portraits: Madame Du Deffand, auteur? Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Survivors of the Winds of Change. New York Times 2001; 143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Translational Research
ISSN (online)1943-8141

Other styles