How to format your references using the American Journal of Roentgenology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V. The spread of postdoc unions. Nature. 2010 Oct 7;467(7316):739–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hartl FU, Hayer-Hartl M. Molecular chaperones in the cytosol: from nascent chain to folded protein. Science. 2002 Mar 8;295(5561):1852–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Planutis K, Planutiene M, Holcombe RF. A novel signaling pathway regulates colon cancer angiogenesis through Norrin. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 9;4:5630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mimura S, Seki T, Tanaka S, Diffley JFX. Phosphorylation-dependent binding of mitotic cyclins to Cdc6 contributes to DNA replication control. Nature. 2004 Oct 28;431(7012):1118–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bojar RM. Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Rodrigues P, Eckersall D, Almeida A de, editors. Farm animal proteomics: Proceedings of the 3rd Managing Committee Meeting and 2nd Meeting of Working Groups 1, 2 & 3 of COST Action FA1002. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2012. Approx. 210 p. 75 illus., 43 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gunckel KL, Mohan L, Covitt BA, Anderson CW. Addressing Challenges in Developing Learning Progressions For Environmental Science Literacy. In: Alonzo AC, Gotwals AW, editors. Learning Progressions in Science: Current Challenges and Future Directions. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 39–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Roentgenology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. In Defence Of Magpies: The Bird World’s Bad Boy Is Simply Misunderstood [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/defence-magpies-bird-world-s-bad-boy-simply-misunderstood/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Students Receiving Federal Aid Are Not Making Satisfactory Academic Progress: Tougher Standards Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Dec. Report No.: HRD-82-15.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Thiagarajan TT. A Simple and Effective Peak-To-Average Power Ratio Reduction Approach Based on Iterative Companding Transform and Filtering Framework of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Signal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sang-Hun C. Accused of ‘Hostile Acts,’ a 4th American Citizen Is Detained by North Korea. New York Times. 2017 May 7;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
AbbreviationAJR Am. J. Roentgenol.
ISSN (print)0361-803X
ISSN (online)1546-3141
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles