How to format your references using the American Journal of Roentgenology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jacobs M. Climate policy: Deadline 2015. Nature. 2012 Jan 11;481(7380):137–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dickman DK, Davis GW. The schizophrenia susceptibility gene dysbindin controls synaptic homeostasis. Science. 2009 Nov 20;326(5956):1127–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gong S-S, Zhu W, Sheng DN. Emergent chiral spin liquid: fractional quantum Hall effect in a kagome Heisenberg model. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 10;4:6317.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fischer-Friedrich E, Hyman AA, Jülicher F, Müller DJ, Helenius J. Quantification of surface tension and internal pressure generated by single mitotic cells. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 29;4:6213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gabler J. Sociology for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Jacko JA, editor. Human-Computer Interaction. HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XXI, 1038 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4552).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cao L, Zhang C, Yu PS, Zhao Y. Knowledge Actionability. In: Yu PS, Zhang C, Zhao Y, editors. Domain Driven Data Mining. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Roentgenology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Why Human Head Transplants Are Still A Long Way From Becoming A Reality [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-human-head-transplants-are-still-long-way-becoming-reality/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Apr. Report No.: AA-96-13(2).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
ELBoushi TC. Evaluating ethics training and the outcome on leadership decision making: A phenomenological study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kovaleski SF, Flegenheimer M. Christie Allies Joked of Disrupting Traffic at a Rabbi’s House. New York Times. 2014 Feb 27;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
AbbreviationAJR Am. J. Roentgenol.
ISSN (print)0361-803X
ISSN (online)1546-3141
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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