How to format your references using the American Journal of Roentgenology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Frey BS. Psychology. Happy people live longer. Science. 2011 Feb 4;331(6017):542–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bednarek P, Osbourn A. Plant-microbe interactions: chemical diversity in plant defense. Science. 2009 May 8;324(5928):746–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yao MC, Fuller P, Xi X. Programmed DNA deletion as an RNA-guided system of genome defense. Science. 2003 Jun 6;300(5625):1581–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bock-Marquette I, Saxena A, White MD, Dimaio JM, Srivastava D. Thymosin beta4 activates integrin-linked kinase and promotes cardiac cell migration, survival and cardiac repair. Nature. 2004 Nov 25;432(7016):466–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lebowitz ER, Omer H. Treating Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Smith D. Research in Clinical Practice. Wood D, editor. London: Springer; 2013. XIX, 104 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chiu CC, Soo VW. Subgoal Identification for Reinforcement Learning and Planning in Multiagent Problem Solving. In: Petta P, Müller JP, Klusch M, Georgeff M, editors. Multiagent System Technologies: 5th German Conference, MATES 2007, Leipzig, Germany, September 24-26, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 37–48. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Roentgenology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Shift In Human Ancestors’ Diet Earlier Than Previously Thought. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Federal Wind Energy Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Mar. Report No.: EMD-77-33.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Thirumal VM. Production of Microbial Lipids from Lipomyces starkeyi [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Price M. Trial by Fire: 2 Forests Offer Clues to Yellowstone’s Future. New York Times. 2017 Sep 13;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
AbbreviationAJR Am. J. Roentgenol.
ISSN (print)0361-803X
ISSN (online)1546-3141
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles