How to format your references using the American Journal of Roentgenology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Baker S. Genomic medicine has failed the poor. Nature. 2011 Oct 19;478(7369):287.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gelb MH, Hol WGJ. Parasitology. Drugs to combat tropical protozoan parasites. Science. 2002 Jul 19;297(5580):343–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kutnjak Z, Petzelt J, Blinc R. The giant electromechanical response in ferroelectric relaxors as a critical phenomenon. Nature. 2006 Jun 22;441(7096):956–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Rubio-Martinez M, Batten MP, Polyzos A, Carey K-C, Mardel JI, Lim K-S, et al. Versatile, high quality and scalable continuous flow production of metal-organic frameworks. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 25;4:5443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alacoque JC. Direct Eigen Control for Induction Machines and Synchronous Motors. Chichester, UK: A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Berendt B, Engel T, Ikonomou D, Le Métayer D, Schiffner S, editors. Privacy Technologies and Policy: Third Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2015, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, October 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIV, 213 p. 35 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9484).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Grossmann H. Additional Texts on Mechanism. In: Freudenthal G, McLaughlin P, editors. The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 231–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Roentgenology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Quadrantid Meteor Shower Will Light Up The Skies On Tuesday And Wednesday Night [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/quadrantid-meteor-shower-will-light-up-the-skies-on-tuesday-and-wednesday-night/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Local Implementation and State Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Aug. Report No.: GAO-06-758.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Clater MJ. Interposed between God and man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Karr M. JAN. 15, 2006: Thanks for The Memoirs. New York Times. 2010 Sep 26;F15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
AbbreviationAJR Am. J. Roentgenol.
ISSN (print)0361-803X
ISSN (online)1546-3141
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles