How to format your references using the American Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ross G. Obituary: Richard Dalitz (1925-2006). Nature. 2006 Mar 9;440(7081):162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray F, Stern S. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Linking and leveraging. Science. 2015 Jun 12;348(6240):1203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adilakshmi T, Bellur DL, Woodson SA. Concurrent nucleation of 16S folding and induced fit in 30S ribosome assembly. Nature. 2008 Oct 30;455(7217):1268–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ioffe LB, Feigel’man MV, Ioselevich A, Ivanov D, Troyer M, Blatter G. Topologically protected quantum bits using Josephson junction arrays. Nature. 2002 Jan 31;415(6871):503–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crighton DA, Towl GJ. Psychology in Prisons. Oxford, UK: BPS Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
Mathis K, Tor A, editors. Nudging - Possibilities, Limitations and Applications in European Law and Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVIII, 382 p. 13 illus. (Economic Analysis of Law in European Legal Scholarship; vol. 3).
A chapter in an edited book
Foster L, Woodthorpe K. Funeral Welfare to the Grave. In: Foster L, Woodthorpe K, editors. Death and Social Policy in Challenging Times. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Awesome Science Parody Of Taylor Swift Song [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High-Performance Computing: High-Speed Computer Networks in the United States, Europe, and Japan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-91-69.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren KL. Agents of change: A new role for learners in online workplace training [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Deconstructing the Legend of Choo Choo. New York Times. 2012 Jan 24;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationAm. J. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1046-7408
ISSN (online)1600-0897
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles