How to format your references using the American Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Drmanac R. Medicine. The ultimate genetic test. Science. 2012 Jun 1;336(6085):1110–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Engelhardt KA, Ritchie ME. Effects of macrophyte species richness on wetland ecosystem functioning and services. Nature. 2001 Jun 7;411(6838):687–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Storey M, Duncan RA, Swisher CC 3rd. Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic. Science. 2007 Apr 27;316(5824):587–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Peng J, Cao D, He Z, Guo J, Hapala P, Ma R, et al. Publisher Correction: The effect of hydration number on the interfacial transport of sodium ions. Nature. 2018 Nov;563(7729):E18.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Leibowitz ML, Bova A, Hammond PB. The Endowment Model of Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Ma Y, Choi D, Ata S, editors. Challenges for Next Generation Network Operations and Service Management: 11th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium, APNOMS 2008, Beijing, China, October 22-24, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XIX, 571 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5297).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fukuda T, Arai F, Nakajima M. Rotational Speed Control of Single Bacterial Flagellar Motor. In: Arai F, Nakajima M, editors. Micro-Nanorobotic Manipulation Systems and Their Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 137–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Martian Review: Science Fiction That Respects Science Fact [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/martian-review-science-fiction-respects-science-fact/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Asian Aeronautics: Technology Acquisition Drives Industry Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 May. Report No.: NSIAD-94-140.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Solano EA. Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Listen for the Ball, Then Try to Stop It. New York Times. 2016 Sep 13;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationAm. J. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1046-7408
ISSN (online)1600-0897
ScopeImmunology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles