How to format your references using the American Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marx V. Cell culture: a better brew. Nature. 2013 Apr 11;496(7444):253–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Higgins SI, Scheiter S. Atmospheric CO2 forces abrupt vegetation shifts locally, but not globally. Nature. 2012 Aug 9;488(7410):209–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kelley AM, Michalet X, Weiss S. Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science. 2001 Jun 1;292(5522):1671–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bejerano G, Lowe CB, Ahituv N, King B, Siepel A, Salama SR, et al. A distal enhancer and an ultraconserved exon are derived from a novel retroposon. Nature. 2006 May 4;441(7089):87–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ford I. Statistical Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Benvenisti E, Gans C, Hanafi S, editors. Israel and the Palestinian Refugees. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. VIII, 501 p. (Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht; vol. 189).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cummins DJ. Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery: Designing the Blockbuster Drug. In: Dean A, Lewis S, editors. Screening: Methods for Experimentation in Industry, Drug Discovery, and Genetics. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. p. 69–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. New Research Reveals Why Humans Don’t Have A Penis Bone [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-research-reveals-why-humans-dont-have-a-penis-bone/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Status of Research on the Safety of Cellular Telephones. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Nov. Report No.: RCED-95-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dhah S. The relationship between job-embedded professional development and special education teacher self-efficacy in hard-to-staff middle schools [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. On Contraception, It’s Church Over State. New York Times. 2017 Oct 11;SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationAm. J. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1046-7408
ISSN (online)1600-0897
ScopeImmunology
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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