How to format your references using the American Journal of Reproductive Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamionkowski M. Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased. Nature. 2009 Aug 20;460(7258):964–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pouille F, Scanziani M. Enforcement of temporal fidelity in pyramidal cells by somatic feed-forward inhibition. Science. 2001 Aug 10;293(5532):1159–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang H, Stein BE, McHaffie JG. Opposing basal ganglia processes shape midbrain visuomotor activity bilaterally. Nature. 2003 Jun 26;423(6943):982–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Levy S, Lahoud E, Shomroni I, Steinhauer J. The a.c. and d.c. Josephson effects in a Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature. 2007 Oct 4;449(7162):579–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson JC. Lean Auditing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Loue S, editor. Expressive Therapies for Sexual Issues: A Social Work Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XIV, 238 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Moorman J, Yao ZQ, Bilsky EJ, Yin D. Opioid Receptor Antagonist-Mediated Signaling in the Immune System. In: Dean RL, Bilsky EJ, Negus SS, editors. Opiate Receptors and Antagonists: From Bench to Clinic. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009. p. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Surinam Toad Childbirth: Trypophobics Need Not Apply [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Vocational Education: 2-Year Colleges Improve Programs, Maintain Access for Special Populations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Jul. Report No.: HEHS-95-163.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman BP. Understanding the factors affecting local emergency service collaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Graphic Evidence Of Comics Fanatics. New York Times. 2010 Oct 8;C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
AbbreviationAm. J. Reprod. Immunol.
ISSN (print)1046-7408
ISSN (online)1600-0897
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles