How to format your references using the ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redish AD (2004) Addiction as a computational process gone awry. Science 306:1944–1947
A journal article with 2 authors
Andreasen R, Sharma M (2006) Solar nebula heterogeneity in p-process samarium and neodymium isotopes. Science 314:806–809
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell JF, Stoner GR, Reynolds JH (2004) Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry. Nature 429:410–413
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tang Z, Chandrasekara R, Sean YY, et al (2014) Near-space flight of a correlated photon system. Sci Rep 4:6366

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Källén A (2011) Understanding Biostatistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Steiger H-J (2015) Microsurgical Brain Aneurysms: Illustrated Concepts and Cases. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Howard B, Yang T (2012) Eisenstein Series. In: Yang T (ed) Intersections of Hirzebruch–Zagier Divisors and CM Cycles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) These GIFs Show You What It’s Like To Be Color Blind. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Financial Management Systems: Core Financial Systems at the 24 Chief Financial Officers Act Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergh PA (2009) Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) In Battle of Candidates, Lauer Is the Loser. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Redish 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Redish 2004; Andreasen and Sharma 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andreasen and Sharma 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
AbbreviationAtten. Defic. Hyperact. Disord.
ISSN (print)1866-6116
ISSN (online)1866-6647
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles