How to format your references using the ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholls H (2015) Conservation biology: Wild at heart. Nature 528:474–475
A journal article with 2 authors
Ye B, Cramer N (2012) Chiral cyclopentadienyl ligands as stereocontrolling element in asymmetric C-H functionalization. Science 338:504–506
A journal article with 3 authors
D’Orazio DJ, Haiman Z, Schiminovich D (2015) Relativistic boost as the cause of periodicity in a massive black-hole binary candidate. Nature 525:351–353
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Breton RP, Kaspi VM, Kramer M, et al (2008) Relativistic spin precession in the double pulsar. Science 321:104–107

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alacoque JC (2012) Direct Eigen Control for Induction Machines and Synchronous Motors. A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kimmel R, Klette R, Sugimoto A (eds) (2011) Computer Vision – ACCV 2010: 10th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Queenstown, New Zealand, November 8-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ramocki M (2008) DIY: The Militant Embrace of Technology. In: Adams R, Gibson S, Arisona SM (eds) Transdisciplinary Digital Art. Sound, Vision and the New Screen: Digital Art Weeks and Interactive Futures 2006/2007, Zurich, Switzerland and Victoria, BC, Canada. Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 26–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Creative Self-Destruction: The Climate Crisis And The Myth Of ‘Green’ Capitalism. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) VA Education Benefits: VA Needs to Improve Program Management and Provide More Timely Information to Students. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom SA (2017) Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) Harry Belafonte Knows the Score. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholls 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ye and Cramer 2012; Nicholls 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ye and Cramer 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Breton et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
AbbreviationAtten. Defic. Hyperact. Disord.
ISSN (print)1866-6116
ISSN (online)1866-6647
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles