How to format your references using the ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seaford C (2011) Policy: time to legislate for the good life. Nature 477:532–533
A journal article with 2 authors
Shedlock DJ, Shen H (2003) Requirement for CD4 T cell help in generating functional CD8 T cell memory. Science 300:337–339
A journal article with 3 authors
Totan Y, Güler E, Dervişoğulları MS (2014) Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Sci Rep 4:3956
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gomes R, Levison HF, Tsiganis K, Morbidelli A (2005) Origin of the cataclysmic Late Heavy Bombardment period of the terrestrial planets. Nature 435:466–469

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rushton A (2011) VHDL for Logic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Coleman PT (ed) (2011) Conflict, Interdependence, and Justice: The Intellectual Legacy of Morton Deutsch. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Hoffmann D, Weggenmann D (2013) Climate Change Induced Glacier Retreat and Risk Management: Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in the Apolobamba Mountain Range, Bolivia. In: Leal Filho W (ed) Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Our Most Distant Space Exploration Mission Depends Upon These Next Few Weeks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baggio BG (2008) Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero S (2016) Let the Games . . . End. Please. New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seaford 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Shedlock and Shen 2003; Seaford 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shedlock and Shen 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gomes et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
AbbreviationAtten. Defic. Hyperact. Disord.
ISSN (print)1866-6116
ISSN (online)1866-6647
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles