How to format your references using the Materials Science for Energy Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Science for Energy Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
P. Sabeti, Genome-sequencing anniversary. The landscape of human evolution, Science. 331 (2011) 690.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Z. Zhao, E.M. Arruda, Materials science. An internal cure for damaged polymers, Science. 344 (2014) 591–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
H.W. Ko, J. Jiang, I. Edery, Role for Slimb in the degradation of Drosophila Period protein phosphorylated by Doubletime, Nature. 420 (2002) 673–678.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
P.O. Kanold, P. Kara, R.C. Reid, C.J. Shatz, Role of subplate neurons in functional maturation of visual cortical columns, Science. 301 (2003) 521–525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
J. Koperski, The Physics of Theism, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
[1]
S. Etalle, M. Truszczyński, eds., Logic Programming: 22nd International Conference, ICLP 2006, Seattle, WA, USA, August 17-20, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
A.L. Ivry, The Ontological Entailments of Averroes’ Understanding of Perception, in: S. Knuuttila, P. Kärkkäinen (Eds.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 73–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Science for Energy Technologies.

Blog post
[1]
S. Luntz, Volcanic Eruptions Cooled Oceans For Centuries, IFLScience. (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, The Case for National Testing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
H. Dinh, A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M.W. Walsh, Treasury Official Urges Congress to Act Quickly on Puerto Rico, New York Times. (2016) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Science for Energy Technologies
ISSN (print)2589-2991
Scope

Other styles