How to format your references using the American Journal of Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Contreras JL. Information access. Prepublication data release, latency, and genome commons. Science. 2010 Jul 23;329(5990):393–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toffelmier DA, Tyburczy JA. Electromagnetic detection of a 410-km-deep melt layer in the southwestern United States. Nature. 2007 Jun 21;447(7147):991–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiner SL, Sallusto F, Lanzavecchia A. Division of labor with a workforce of one: challenges in specifying effector and memory T cell fate. Science. 2007 Aug 3;317(5838):622–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Spehr M, Gisselmann G, Poplawski A, Riffell JA, Wetzel CH, Zimmer RK, et al. Identification of a testicular odorant receptor mediating human sperm chemotaxis. Science. 2003 Mar 28;299(5615):2054–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick HJ, Finger A. Pseudo Random Signal Processing. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
Goldsmith W. Bioengineering Case Studies: Sustainable Stream Bank and Slope Stabilization. Gray D, McCullah J, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XIX, 244 p. 190 illus., 184 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothe A. Popular Trauma Culture: The Pain of Others Between Holocaust Tropes and Kitsch-Sentimental Melodrama. In: Ataria Y, Gurevitz D, Pedaya H, Neria Y, editors. Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Infection Control.

Blog post
Andrew E. NASA observations put on hold while the moon photobombs the sun [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. BART Airport Extension Update. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Aug. Report No.: RCED-96-246R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escamilla D. How performance following the implementation of a new structure affects employee engagement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B. Where Nobody Knows Your Name. New York Times. 2017 Sep 6;D13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Infection Control
AbbreviationAm. J. Infect. Control
ISSN (print)0196-6553
ISSN (online)1527-3296
Health Policy
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles