How to format your references using the American Journal of Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scully T. Tuberculosis. Nature. 2013 Oct 10;502(7470):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Farmer JA, Campbell CT. Ceria maintains smaller metal catalyst particles by strong metal-support bonding. Science. 2010 Aug 20;329(5994):933–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Madhu R, Veeramani V, Chen S-M. Heteroatom-enriched and renewable banana-stem-derived porous carbon for the electrochemical determination of nitrite in various water samples. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 23;4:4679.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang X, Xiang Q, Liu B, Wang L, Luo T, Chen D, et al. TiO2 modified FeS nanostructures with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aasma A, Dutta H, Natarajan PN. An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Van Gorp P, Engels G, editors. Theory and Practice of Model Transformations: 9th International Conference, ICMT 2016, Held as Part of STAF 2016, Vienna, Austria, July 4-5, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIV, 207 p. 66 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 9765).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ogata T, Kawashima N, Nakazawa K, Akai M. Molecular and Electrophysiological Approaches for Functional Recovery in Patients with Injured Spinal Cord. In: Kansaku K, Cohen LG, editors. Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011. p. 69–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Infection Control.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Mega-Droughts Will Severely Threaten Western U.S. By 2100 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/mega-droughts-will-severely-threaten-western-us-2100/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Achievements, Cost, and Administration of the Ocean Sediment Coring Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Nov. Report No.: B-171989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dean DO. A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. Museum to Give Lady Liberty’s Crowds More to Do Than Snap Selfies. New York Times. 2016 Oct 6;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,1).
This sentence cites four references (1,1,1,1).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Infection Control
AbbreviationAm. J. Infect. Control
ISSN (print)0196-6553
ISSN (online)1527-3296
ScopeEpidemiology
Health Policy
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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