How to format your references using the American Journal of Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Covington WW. Helping western forests heal. Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):135–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kumar K, Yang E-H. On the growth mode of two-lobed curvilinear graphene domains at atmospheric pressure. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2571.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Skipper M, Dhand R, Campbell P. Presenting ENCODE. Nature. 2012 Sep 6;489(7414):45.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yu Z, Yang J, Amalfitano S, Yu X, Liu L. Effects of water stratification and mixing on microbial community structure in a subtropical deep reservoir. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 25;4:5821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Grimble MJ. Robust Industrial Control Systems. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Pandey GK, editor. Elucidation of Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants: Functional Genomics Perspectives, Volume 2. New York, NY: Springer; 2015. XVIII, 488 p. 27 illus., 26 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Perfilieva I. A New Model of a Fuzzy Associative Memory. In: Huynh V-N, Inuiguchi M, Demoeux T, editors. Integrated Uncertainty in Knowledge Modelling and Decision Making: 4th International Symposium, IUKM 2015, Nha Trang, Vietnam, October 15-17, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 32–42. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Infection Control.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. 20 Useful Lifehacks Every Pet Owner Should Know [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/20-useful-hacks-pet-owners/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Alerting: Capabilities Have Improved, but Additional Guidance and Testing Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-375.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Murphy-Perez E. Vapor-Liquid-Solid (VLS) Grown Silica Nanowires as the Interface for Biorecognition Molecules in Biosensors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Baseball; Rainout Gives Injured Mets More Rest. New York Times. 2017 Jul 6;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Infection Control
AbbreviationAm. J. Infect. Control
ISSN (print)0196-6553
ISSN (online)1527-3296
ScopeEpidemiology
Health Policy
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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