How to format your references using the American Journal of Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linksvayer T. Evolutionary biology: Survival of the fittest group. Nature. 2014 Oct 16;514(7522):308–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis J, Mavromatos NE. Does gravity correct gauge couplings? Nature. 2011 Nov 23;479(7374):E5-6; discussion E6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Markos C, Kubat I, Bang O. Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 14;4:6057.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pravdo SH, Feigelson ED, Garmire G, Maeda Y, Tsuboi Y, Bally J. Discovery of X-rays from the protostellar outflow object HH2. Nature. 2001 Oct 18;413(6857):708–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huddleston R. Android® Fully Loaded. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Diener E, editor. Assessing Well-Being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener. 1st ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. X, 274 p. (Social Indicators Research Series; vol. 39).
A chapter in an edited book
Schaffer S, Kearney E, Voelpel SC, Koester R. Managing demographic change and diversity in organizations: how feedback from coworkers moderates the relationship between age and innovative work behavior. In: Beham B, Straub C, Schwalbach J, editors. Managing Diversity in Organizations. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2012. p. 45–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Infection Control.

Blog post
Davis J. One Of Africa’s Last Remaining “Giant Tusker” Elephants Has Been Killed By Poachers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: Improvements Needed in Management of NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Apr. Report No.: GAO-03-507.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Claar PL. A Correlational Study Comparing the Relationship between School Leader Intercultural Development, Selected Demographic Variables, and Student Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Collective Farmers’ Monuments Meet Paintball. New York Times. 2007 Nov 11;511.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Infection Control
AbbreviationAm. J. Infect. Control
ISSN (print)0196-6553
ISSN (online)1527-3296
Health Policy
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles