How to format your references using the American Journal of Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosset P. Preventing hunger: change economic policy. Nature. 2011 Nov 23;479(7374):472–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson I, Anderson EA. Chemistry. The renaissance of natural products as drug candidates. Science. 2005 Oct 21;310(5747):451–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marangon DG, Vallone G, Villoresi P. Random bits, true and unbiased, from atmospheric turbulence. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 30;4:5490.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dambacher JM, Rossignol PA, Li HW, Emlen JM. Dam breaching and chinook salmon recovery. Science. 2001 Feb 9;291(5506):939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blanchet G, Dupouy B. Computer Architecture. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Wang S. Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes: Design and Biomedical Applications. Lv F, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. VIII, 87 p. 62 illus., 20 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu W, Chiu RLH. The Planning and Design of Environmentally Sustainable High-Rises. In: Yuen B, Yeh AGO, editors. High-Rise Living in Asian Cities. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Infection Control.

Blog post
Luntz S. According To A Nasa Funded Study, We’re Pretty Much Screwed. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: IRS Needs to Improve the Reliability and Transparency of Reported Investment Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Apr. Report No.: GAO-14-298.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saha P. Application hardware-software co-design for reconfigurable computing systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Coates to Write for Marvel. New York Times. 2015 Sep 23;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Infection Control
AbbreviationAm. J. Infect. Control
ISSN (print)0196-6553
ISSN (online)1527-3296
Health Policy
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles