How to format your references using the American Journal of Infection Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Infection Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Midgley PA. Materials science. Electronic bonding revealed by electron diffraction. Science. 2011 Mar 25;331(6024):1528–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewak D, Gholipour B. Materials science. Primed to remember. Science. 2012 Jun 22;336(6088):1515–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blomster JP, Neff H, Glascock MD. Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis. Science. 2005 Feb 18;307(5712):1068–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lam SK, Chen D, Mosier AR, Roush R. The potential for carbon sequestration in Australian agricultural soils is technically and economically limited. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox C. An Introduction to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Gélinas F. Foundations of Civil Justice: Toward a Value-Based Framework for Reform. Camion C, Bates K, Anstis S, Piché C, Khan M, Grant E, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XII, 145 p. 12 illus., 8 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Pierson JM. Energy: A New Criteria for Performances in Large Scale Distributed Systems. In: Hummel KA, Hlavacs H, Gansterer W, editors. Performance Evaluation of Computer and Communication Systems Milestones and Future Challenges: IFIP WG 63/73 International Workshop, PERFORM 2010, in Honor of Günter Haring on the Occasion of His Emeritus Celebration, Vienna, Austria, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 38–48. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Infection Control.

Blog post
Andrew E. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. NASA: Streaks Of Salt On Mars Mean Flowing Water, And Raise New Hopes Of Finding Life. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Selection and Use of Contractor for Development of a Management Information System for the Atomic Energy Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jun. Report No.: B-164105.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hussmann S. Profiling Drilling Fluid Invasion in Sandstones Using Water Based Muds: Implications for Bridging and Wellbore Strengthening Effects [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A Drive to Save a Tiger By the Name of Tammany. New York Times. 2002 Jul 14;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Infection Control
AbbreviationAm. J. Infect. Control
ISSN (print)0196-6553
ISSN (online)1527-3296
Health Policy
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles