How to format your references using the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Feldstein SB. Atmospheric science. Subtropical rainfall and the Antarctic ozone hole. Science. 2011;332:925–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stocker TF, Plattner G-K. Climate policy: Rethink IPCC reports. Nature. 2014;513:163–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang J, Lu H, Huang L. Calciphytoliths (calcium oxalate crystals) analysis for the identification of decayed tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.). Sci Rep. 2014;4:6703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Coleman CN, Stone HB, Moulder JE, Pellmar TC. Medicine. Modulation of radiation injury. Science. 2004;304:693–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Heckman R. Designing Platform Independent Mobile Apps and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Lyche T. Exercises in Computational Mathematics with MATLAB. Merrien J-L, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lucks S, Schuler A, Tews E, Weinmann R-P, Wenzel M. Attacks on the DECT Authentication Mechanisms. In: Fischlin M, editor. Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2009: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, April 20-24, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 48–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Clinical Dermatology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. A Mystery Space Object Will Cruise Past Earth Next Month [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/a-mystery-space-object-will-cruise-past-earth-next-month/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Better Accountability Procedures Needed in NSF and NIH Research Grant Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Sep. Report No.: PAD-81-29.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Equihua D. The relationship of mental health and family factors to parental involvement in their children’s education among Latina mothers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. Prosecutors Drop Charges Against a Bronx Teenager. New York Times. 2017 Sep 6;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Clinical Dermatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)1175-0561
ISSN (online)1179-1888
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Dermatology

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