How to format your references using the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Murray CB. Materials science. Watching nanocrystals grow. Science. 2009;324:1276–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Leonhardt U, Tyc T. Broadband invisibility by non-Euclidean cloaking. Science. 2009;323:110–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gagnon K, Chadwell CD, Norabuena E. Measuring the onset of locking in the Peru-Chile trench with GPS and acoustic measurements. Nature. 2005;434:205–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Xia Z-P, Sun L, Chen X, Pineda G, Jiang X, Adhikari A, et al. Direct activation of protein kinases by unanchored polyubiquitin chains. Nature. 2009;461:114–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brower MC. Wind Resource Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Firoozye NB. Managing Uncertainty, Mitigating Risk: Tackling the Unknown in Financial Risk Assessment and Decision Making. Ariff F, editor. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nagashima Y, Kunihiro N. Faster Algorithm for Solving Hard Knapsacks for Moderate Message Length. In: Susilo W, Mu Y, Seberry J, editors. Information Security and Privacy: 17th Australasian Conference, ACISP 2012, Wollongong, NSW, Australia, July 9-11, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Clinical Dermatology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Stem Cells Treat Brain Damage Caused By Cancer Therapy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/stem-cells-treat-brain-injuries/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on H.R. 3229 and H.R. 3240. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jun. Report No.: B-203297.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Moore BA. The Writing Machine [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Kershaw Delivers His Best Playoff Performance, Leaving Cubs Flustered. New York Times. 2016 Oct 17;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Clinical Dermatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)1175-0561
ISSN (online)1179-1888
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Dermatology

Other styles