How to format your references using the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Walmsley IA. Looking to the future of quantum optics. Science. 2008;319:1211–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang H-L, Lai TW. Optimization of Evans blue quantitation in limited rat tissue samples. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6588.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fortes AD, Suard E, Knight KS. Negative linear compressibility and massive anisotropic thermal expansion in methanol monohydrate. Science. 2011;331:742–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tavazoie SF, Alarcón C, Oskarsson T, Padua D, Wang Q, Bos PD, et al. Endogenous human microRNAs that suppress breast cancer metastasis. Nature. 2008;451:147–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mowlaee P, Kulmer J, Stahl J, Mayer F. Single Channel Phase-Aware Signal Processing in Speech Communication: Theory and Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Hasegawa M, editor. Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications: 11th International Conference, TLCA 2013, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pyun S-I, Shin H-C, Lee J-W, Go J-Y. Hydrogen Trapping Inside Metals and Metal Oxides. In: Shin H-C, Lee J-W, Go J-Y, editors. Electrochemistry of Insertion Materials for Hydrogen and Lithium. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 105–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Clinical Dermatology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What Is The ‘Warm Blob’ In The Pacific And What Can It Tell Us About Our Future Climate? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-warm-blob-pacific-and-what-can-it-tell-us-about-our-future-climate/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Apr. Report No.: GAO-15-370.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Stitt CR. Differences in theoretical constructs of processing health information in narrative entertainment television messages [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Victory for Morale Precedes an Actual Loss. New York Times. 2017 Sep 24;SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Clinical Dermatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Clin. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)1175-0561
ISSN (online)1179-1888
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Dermatology

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