How to format your references using the Journal of Differential Equations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Differential Equations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
R. Benzi, Physics. Getting a grip on turbulence, Science. 301 (2003) 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
A.L. McGuire, R.A. Gibbs, Genetics. No longer de-identified, Science. 312 (2006) 370–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
M. Häusser, G. Major, G.J. Stuart, Differential shunting of EPSPs by action potentials, Science. 291 (2001) 138–141.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
A. Sidorenko, T. Krupenkin, A. Taylor, P. Fratzl, J. Aizenberg, Reversible switching of hydrogel-actuated nanostructures into complex micropatterns, Science. 315 (2007) 487–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
J.C. Paterson, Lean Auditing, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
[1]
K. Chen, A. Ravindran, eds., Forging Connections between Computational Mathematics and Computational Geometry: Papers from the 3rd International Conference on Computational Mathematics and Computational Geometry, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
F. Paneni, F. Cosentino, Environment, Epigenetic Changes, and Cardiovascular Damage, in: F. Cosentino (Ed.), Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide to Clinical Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 35–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Differential Equations.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, New Hepatitis C Vaccine Shows Promise In Human Trials, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-hepatitis-c-vaccine-shows-promise-human-trials/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Follow-up National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
A.L. Conill, Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Gorman, Dance Moves Only for Males, New York Times. (2017) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Differential Equations
AbbreviationJ. Differ. Equ.
ISSN (print)0022-0396
ScopeAnalysis

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