How to format your references using the Psychological Services citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Services. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bhattacharya, S. (2014). Science in court: Disease detectives. Nature, 506(7489), 424–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm, S. L., & van Aarde, R. J. (2001). African elephants and contraception. Nature, 411(6839), 766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar, P., Narayan, R., & Johnson, J. L. (2008). Properties of gamma-ray burst progenitor stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5887), 376–379.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, X., Park, H.-R., Lindquist, N. C., Shaver, J., Pelton, M., & Oh, S.-H. (2014). Squeezing millimeter waves through a single, nanometer-wide, centimeter-long slit. Scientific Reports, 4, 6722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan, D., Robinson, N., Lucas, N., & Arulkumaran, S. (2010). Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Gertz, M., & Jajodia, S. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook of Database Security: Applications and Trends. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Trevisanut, A. M. (2016). Re-membering, (Re-) appropriation, and Polyphony: SBS Independent and White Australian Memory. In P. D. Marshall, G. D’Cruz, S. McDonald, & K. Lee (Eds.), Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture (pp. 43–59). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Services.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 13). M&M-Spewing Drones Employed To Tackle The Plague In Endangered Ferrets. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Los Angeles Metro Rail System (OSI-94-6R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carley, R. (2013). Evaluation of the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and hurricanes on wildfires in southeast Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., & Bray, C. (2017, June 29). Rite Aid Will Sell Some Stores to Walgreens, Ending Plans to Merge. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bhattacharya, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bhattacharya, 2014; Pimm & van Aarde, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pimm & van Aarde, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kumar et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Services
AbbreviationPsychol. Serv.
ISSN (print)1541-1559
ISSN (online)1939-148X
ScopeApplied Psychology
Clinical Psychology

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