How to format your references using the Acta Metallurgica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Metallurgica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. J. A. Holmes, Science 320, 752 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. S. F. Portegies Zwart and E. P. J. van den Heuvel, Nature 450, 388 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. R. A. Hanna, R. L. Campbell, and P. L. Davies, Nature 456, 409 (2008).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. H. Sewell, T. Tanaka, K. El Omari, E. J. Mancini, A. Cruz, N. Fernandez-Fuentes, J. Chambers, and T. H. Rabbitts, Sci. Rep. 4, 3643 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. J. N. Lalena and D. A. Cleary, Principles of Inorganic Materials Design (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005).
An edited book
1. K. David, K. Geihs, J. M. Leimeister, A. Roßnagel, L. Schmidt, G. Stumme, and A. Wacker, editors , Socio-Technical Design of Ubiquitous Computing Systems (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1. M. Villela-Petit, in Phenomenology and Existentialism in the Twentieth Century: Book One New Waves of Philosophical Inspirations, edited by A.-T. Tymieniecka (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009), pp. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Metallurgica Sinica.

Blog post
1. J. Fang, IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Did Not Fully Disclose Uses of Personal Information During Secure Flight Program Testing in Initial Privacy Notes, but Has Recently Taken Steps to More Fully Inform the Public (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. J. M. Meyer-Barrett, Exercising Their Privilege to Borrow: A Demonstrated Understanding of the Obligation of Student Loans in a Community College, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. J. Risen, New York Times A20 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Metallurgica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.)
ISSN (print)1006-7191
ISSN (online)2194-1289
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Metals and Alloys

Other styles