How to format your references using the Acta Metallurgica Sinica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Metallurgica Sinica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. W. Bains, Science 337, 1173; author reply 1173 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. A. R. Oganov and S. Ono, Nature 430, 445 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. R. Curry, B. Dickson, and I. Yashayaev, Nature 426, 826 (2003).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. G. Israelian, N. C. Santos, M. Mayor, and R. Rebolo, Nature 411, 163 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. R. K. Narang, Inside the Black Box (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013).
An edited book
1. F. Zereini and F. Alt, editors , Palladium Emissions in the Environment: Analytical Methods, Environmental Assessment and Health Effects (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006).
A chapter in an edited book
1. M. Zaumseil, M. von Vacano, and S. Schwarz, in Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia, edited by M. Zaumseil, S. Schwarz, M. von Vacano, G. B. Sullivan, and J. E. Prawitasari-Hadiyono (Springer, New York, NY, 2014), pp. 105–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Metallurgica Sinica.

Blog post
1. E. Andrew, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Highlights of a Forum: 3D Printing: Opportunities, Challenges, and Policy Implications of Additive Manufacturing (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. K. Kuqi, A Matrix-Based Method for Optimizing the User Interface Design of Electronic Medical Record Systems, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. G. Lardner Jr, New York Times A27 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Metallurgica Sinica
AbbreviationActa Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.)
ISSN (print)1006-7191
ISSN (online)2194-1289
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Metals and Alloys

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