How to format your references using the Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grafton A. Lisa Jardine (1944-2015). Nature 2015;528:40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y, Dohlman HG. Pheromone signaling mechanisms in yeast: a prototypical sex machine. Science 2004;306:1508–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter JT, Enzler SA, Treves A. Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource. Science 2011;333:1828–1829.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oganov AR, Martonák R, Laio A, Raiteri P, Parrinello M. Anisotropy of Earth’s D’’ layer and stacking faults in the MgSiO3 post-perovskite phase. Nature 2005;438:1142–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaynor GH. Decisions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014
An edited book
Itakura S, Fujita K, editors. Origins of the Social Mind: Evolutionary and Developmental Views. Tokyo: Springer Japan 2008
A chapter in an edited book
Whaanga H, Matamua R. Matariki Tāpuapua: Pools of Traditional Knowledge and Currents of Change. In: Robertson M, Tsang PKE, editors. Everyday Knowledge, Education and Sustainable Futures: Transdisciplinary Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region. Singapore: Springer 2016: 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergy.

Blog post
Andrews R. Here’s How Scientists Invented Real-Life Sonic Screwdrivers. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Claim for Excess Valuation Charge]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1994

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilmore AG. Quantification of oxidative reaction efficiencies for hydroxyl radical oxidized antibiotics. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. On Court That Defied Labeling, Kennedy Made the Boldest Mark. New York Times. 2008;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergy
ISSN (print)0105-4538
ISSN (online)1398-9995
Immunology and Allergy

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