How to format your references using the Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark J. Paleontology. Becoming T. rex. Science 2009;326:373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lerner J, Tirole J. Intellectual property. A better route to tech standards. Science 2014;343:972–973.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chouard T, Weiss U, Dhand R. Good ‘omics’ for the poor? Nature 2002;419:489.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pickart RS, Spall MA, Ribergaard MH, Moore GWK, Milliff RF. Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet. Nature 2003;424:152–156.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin DF, Worden BL, Wootton BM, Gilliam CM. CBT for Hoarding Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2017
An edited book
Yoshino T, Chen G-D, Zurita G, Yuizono T, Inoue T, Baloian N, editors. Collaboration Technologies and Social Computing: 8th International Conference, CollabTech 2016, Kanazawa, Japan, September 14-16, 2016, Proceedings. Singapore: Springer 2016
A chapter in an edited book
Wachinger C, Yigitsoy M, Navab N. Manifold Learning for Image-Based Breathing Gating with Application to 4D Ultrasound. In: Jiang T, Navab N, Pluim JPW, Viergever MA, editors. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2010: 26–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Allergy.

Blog post
Andrews R. India Successfully Deploys 104 Satellites In World Record-Breaking Rocket Launch. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety: Status of Improving Oversight of the Pipeline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 2002

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin RL. Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger DE, Schmitt E, Hubbard B. Trump Ends Covert Aid to Syrian Rebels Trying to Oust Assad. New York Times. 2017;:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAllergy
ISSN (print)0105-4538
ISSN (online)1398-9995
Immunology and Allergy

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