How to format your references using the The Journal of Comparative Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Comparative Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quaas J. 2009. Atmosphere. Smoke and climate change. Science 325:153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marteau TM, Mantzari E. 2015. Public health: The case for pay to quit. Nature 523:40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chabanov AA, Stoytchev M, Genack AZ. 2000. Statistical signatures of photon localization. Nature 404:850–853.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Orme CA, Noy A, Wierzbicki A, McBride MT, Grantham M, Teng HH, Dove PM, DeYoreo JJ. 2001. Formation of chiral morphologies through selective binding of amino acids to calcite surface steps. Nature 411:775–779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Razik H. 2013. Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kusuoka S, Maruyama T eds. 2013. Advances in Mathematical Economics Volume 17. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Lakshmikantham V, Leela S, Martynyuk AA. 2015. Stability of Perturbed Motion. In: Leela S, Martynyuk AA, editors. Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems. Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing. p 201–252.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Comparative Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Oxytocin May Benefit Some Children With Autism, But It’s Not The Next Wonder Drug. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Transition From School to Work: S. 1361 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moose AM. 2013. The Relationship of Distributed Expertise and Shared Leadership in New Product Development Teams: A Comparative Case Study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, Harmon A. 2017. For Many Medical Students, the Caribbean Was Warm and Welcoming. Until Now. New York Times:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Oard, 2008; Overbaugh, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marteau and Mantzari, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Loomis et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0021-9967
ISSN (online)1096-9861
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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