How to format your references using the The Journal of Comparative Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Comparative Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scholl A. 2000. ANTIFERROMAGNETISM: Taking a Very Close Look at Magnetic Structures. Science 288:1762–1763.
A journal article with 2 authors
VijayRaghavan K, Bate M. 2010. Retrospective. Veronica Rodrigues (1953-2010). Science 330:1493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ribeiro B, Perra N, Baronchelli A. 2013. Quantifying the effect of temporal resolution on time-varying networks. Sci Rep 3:3006.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Maher CA, Kumar-Sinha C, Cao X, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Jing X, Sam L, Barrette T, Palanisamy N, Chinnaiyan AM. 2009. Transcriptome sequencing to detect gene fusions in cancer. Nature 458:97–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl D. 2007. Emerging Real Estate Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Casey JL ed. 2006. Hepatitis Delta Virus. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller A. 2012. Californium-252 as a Neutron Source for BNCT. In: Sauerwein W, Wittig A, Moss R, Nakagawa Y, editors. Neutron Capture Therapy: Principles and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p 69–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Comparative Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. New York Medical Examiners Not Required To Return All Organs, Court Rules. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Telecommunications: Initiatives Taken by Three States to Promote Increased Access and Investment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White BD. 2015. Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Stack L. 2017. O’Reilly Addresses Fans Via Podcast as Fox News Adjusts to a New Lineup. New York Times:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scholl, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Scholl, 2000; VijayRaghavan and Bate, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (VijayRaghavan and Bate, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Maher et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0021-9967
ISSN (online)1096-9861
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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