How to format your references using the The Journal of Comparative Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Comparative Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Said R. 2002. Did Nile flooding sink two ancient cities? Nature 415:37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pack CC, Born RT. 2001. Temporal dynamics of a neural solution to the aperture problem in visual area MT of macaque brain. Nature 409:1040–1042.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dolan JF, Christofferson SA, Shaw JH. 2003. Recognition of paleoearthquakes on the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, California. Science 300:115–118.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Postberg F, Kempf S, Schmidt J, Brilliantov N, Beinsen A, Abel B, Buck U, Srama R. 2009. Sodium salts in E-ring ice grains from an ocean below the surface of Enceladus. Nature 459:1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jensen RC. 2012. Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pochiraju KV, Tandon GP, Schoeppner GA eds. 2012. Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai W, Shalaev V. 2010. Magnetic Metamaterials. In: Shalaev V, editor. Optical Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications. New York, NY: Springer. p 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Comparative Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. “Dead Hearts” Successfully Transplanted For The First Time. IFLScience [Internet]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Transportation Security: TSA Has Made Progress in Implementing the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alaiyegbami AO. 2014. Porescale Investigation of Gas Shales Reservoir Description by Comparing the Barnett, Mancos, and Marcellus Formation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2016. Hedge Funds Sue Governor of Puerto Rico Over Spending. New York Times:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Said, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pack and Born, 2001; Said, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pack and Born, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Postberg et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0021-9967
ISSN (online)1096-9861
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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