How to format your references using the The Journal of Comparative Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Comparative Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donnelly CA. 2000. Likely size of the French BSE epidemic. Nature 408:787–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keen DA, Goodwin AL. 2015. The crystallography of correlated disorder. Nature 521:303–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomonaga M, Uwano Y, Saito T. 2014. How dolphins see the world: a comparison with chimpanzees and humans. Sci Rep 4:3717.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
de Quervain DJ-F, Fischbacher U, Treyer V, Schellhammer M, Schnyder U, Buck A, Fehr E. 2004. The neural basis of altruistic punishment. Science 305:1254–1258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Gorman TW. 2012. Adaptive Tests of Significance Using Permutations of Residuals with R and SAS®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hari P, Heliövaara K, Kulmala L eds. 2013. Physical and Physiological Forest Ecology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdulai A-M, Shamshiry E. 2014. The Incidence and Trend of Poverty in the Muslim World. In: Shamshiry E, editor. Linking Sustainable Livelihoods to Natural Resources and Governance: The Scale of Poverty in the Muslim World. Singapore: Springer. p 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Comparative Neurology.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. This Blue or Green Spectrum Illusion Depends On How Your Brain Perceives Color. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. The F-14/PHOENIX Aircraft Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munim A. 2013. Studies on the role of vitamin D in asthma patients from a south Florida pulmonary practice.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B, Schonbrun Z. 2017. Northwestern Makes Its Debut a Winning One. New York Times:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donnelly, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Donnelly, 2000; Keen and Goodwin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keen and Goodwin, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (de Quervain et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0021-9967
ISSN (online)1096-9861
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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