How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H. (2011). Cancer prevention. Nature 471, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilf, R. J. C., and Dutzler, R. (2008). X-ray structure of a prokaryotic pentameric ligand-gated ion channel. Nature 452, 375–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, W. H., Houang, R., and Cogan, L. S. (2011). Education. Preparing future math teachers. Science 332, 1266–1267.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, W., Zhang, W., Fang, X., Huang, Y., Liu, Q., Gu, J., et al. (2014). Demonstration of higher colour response with ambient refractive index in Papilio blumei as compared to Morpho rhetenor. Sci. Rep. 4, 5591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov, M. T. (2005). Reliability and Risk Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Leugering, G., Engell, S., Griewank, A., Hinze, M., Rannacher, R., Schulz, V., et al. eds. (2012). Constrained Optimization and Optimal Control for Partial Differential Equations. Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashiuchi, M. (2010). “Occurrence and Biosynthetic Mechanism of Poly-Gamma-Glutamic Acid,” in Amino-Acid Homopolymers Occurring in Nature Microbiology Monographs., ed. Y. Hamano (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Comet To Make Close Approach To Mars. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Information Technology: OMB’s Dashboard Has Increased Transparency and Oversight, but Improvements Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, K. A. (2009). Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach, M. (2013). The Marvels in Your Mouth. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hilf and Dutzler, 2008; Brody, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilf and Dutzler, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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