How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steig, E. J. (2001). Paleoclimate. No two latitudes alike. Science 293, 2015–2016.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, F., and Lee, D.-H. (2011). The electron-pairing mechanism of iron-based superconductors. Science 332, 200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gleiche, M., Chi, L. F., and Fuchs, H. (2000). Nanoscopic channel lattices with controlled anisotropic wetting. Nature 403, 173–175.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou, D., Guo, J., Xu, L., Gao, S., Lin, Q., Wu, Q., et al. (2014). Establishment and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) system for detection of cry1Ac transgenic sugarcane. Sci. Rep. 4, 4912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare, D. M. (2011). Electric Power Generation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Greenberger, D., Hentschel, K., and Weinert, F. eds. (2009). Compendium of Quantum Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Antontsev, S., and Shmarev, S. (2015). “Anisotropic Equations with Variable Growth and Coercivity Conditions,” in Evolution PDEs with Nonstandard Growth Conditions: Existence, Uniqueness, Localization, Blow-up Atlantis Studies in Differential Equations., ed. S. Shmarev (Paris: Atlantis Press), 107–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Why Frequent Dieting Makes You Put On Weight – And What To Do About It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez, A. (2013). The Latino immigrant families and involvement with child welfare system: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2010). The Illusion of Savings. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steig, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Steig, 2001; Wang and Lee, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Lee, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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