How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mesot, J. (2006). Applied physics. The neutron spin-echo technique at full strength. Science 312, 1888–1889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuroda, H., and Maliga, P. (2003). The plastid clpP1 protease gene is essential for plant development. Nature 425, 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murphy, G. E., Leadbetter, J. R., and Jensen, G. J. (2006). In situ structure of the complete Treponema primitia flagellar motor. Nature 442, 1062–1064.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Santhanam, G., Ryu, S. I., Yu, B. M., Afshar, A., and Shenoy, K. V. (2006). A high-performance brain-computer interface. Nature 442, 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Gumster, J., and Shimonski, R. (2010). GIMP Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Begun, V., Jenkovszky, L. L., and Polański, A. eds. (2009). Progress in HighEnergy Physics and Nuclear Safety. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, S., Ding, X., Deng, R. H., and Bao, F. (2006). “Private Information Retrieval Using Trusted Hardware,” in Computer Security – ESORICS 2006: 11th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Hamburg, Germany, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. D. Gollmann, J. Meier, and A. Sabelfeld (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). 17 Signs You’re Intelligent — Even If It Doesn’t Feel Like It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Army Networks: Opportunities Exist to Better Utilize Results from Network Integration Evaluations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, Y.-K. (2010). A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jenks, S. (2017). A New Work Perk (for Pets). New York Times, F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mesot, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kuroda and Maliga, 2003; Mesot, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kuroda and Maliga, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Santhanam et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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