How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, A. (2013). Collaboration: Link the world’s best investigators. Nature 496, 27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kourtzi, Z., and Kanwisher, N. (2001). Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex. Science 293, 1506–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, S., Wang, D., and Ruvkun, G. (2004). A conserved siRNA-degrading RNase negatively regulates RNA interference in C. elegans. Nature 427, 645–649.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bersten, M. C., Folatelli, G., García, F., Van Dyk, S. D., Benvenuto, O. G., Orellana, M., et al. (2018). A surge of light at the birth of a supernova. Nature 554, 497–499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wing, C. (2012). How Your House Works. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oswald Spring, Ú. ed. (2011). Water Resources in Mexico: Scarcity, Degradation, Stress, Conflicts, Management, and Policy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garg, A. D., and Agostinis, P. (2015). “Autophagy Induced by Photodynamic Therapy (PDT): Shaping Resistance Against Cell Death and Anti-Tumor Immunity,” in Resistance to Photodynamic Therapy in Cancer Resistance to Targeted Anti-Cancer Therapeutics., eds. V. Rapozzi and G. Jori (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 99–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017). Creationist Scientist Sues The Grand Canyon For Religious Discrimination. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Financial Reporting: NASA Can Improve Compliance With GAO Standards and Treasury Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, J. (2010). What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2014). Germany Can Inflict Pain on the U.S., as It Has Before. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kourtzi and Kanwisher, 2001; Bernstein, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kourtzi and Kanwisher, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bersten et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pituitary Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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