How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marais, R. (2015). RETROSPECTIVE. Christopher Marshall (1949-2015). Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6264), 1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cryan, J. F., & O’Leary, O. F. (2010). Neuroscience. A glutamate pathway to faster-acting antidepressants? Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 913–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakada, D., Saunders, T. L., & Morrison, S. J. (2010). Lkb1 regulates cell cycle and energy metabolism in haematopoietic stem cells. Nature, 468(7324), 653–658.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Resulaj, A., Kiani, R., Wolpert, D. M., & Shadlen, M. N. (2009). Changes of mind in decision-making. Nature, 461(7261), 263–266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajorski, P. (2011). Statistics for Imaging, Optics, and Photonics: Bajorski/Statistics for Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ardissono, L., & Kuflik, T. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in User Modeling: UMAP 2011 Workshops, Girona, Spain, July 11-15, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7138). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Quan, W., Gong, X., Fang, J., & Li, J. (2015). Star Map Processing Algorithm of Star Sensor and Autonomous Celestial Navigation. In J. Li, X. Gong, & J. Fang (Eds.), INS/CNS/GNSS Integrated Navigation Technology (pp. 145–183). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 11). The San Andreas Fault Is About To Crack – Here’s What Will Happen When It Does. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Telecommunications: Issues Related to Local Telephone Service (RCED-00-237). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ndiaye, O. (2010). The Predictability of the Sahelian Climate: Seasonal Sahel Rainfall and Onset over Senegal [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Martin, V. (2014, August 13). Pitfalls of Privilege. New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marais, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cryan & O’Leary, 2010; Marais, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cryan & O’Leary, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Nakada et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Resulaj et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0735-7036
ISSN (online)1939-2087
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Psychology (miscellaneous)

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