How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger, L. R. (2013). The mosaic nature of Australopithecus sediba. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6129), 163–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sloan, P. A., & Palmer, R. E. (2005). Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature, 434(7031), 367–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., Li, H., & Sheng, Y. (2014). Effects of reciprocity on random walks in weighted networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 7460.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bains, S., Norris, R. D., Corfield, R. M., & Faul, K. L. (2000). Termination of global warmth at the Palaeocene/Eocene boundary through productivity feedback. Nature, 407(6801), 171–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeMaris, A. (2004). Regression with Social Data: Modeling Continuous and Limited Response Variables. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agosti, M., Ferro, N., Peters, C., Rijke, M. de, & Smeaton, A. (Eds.). (2010). Multilingual and Multimodal Information Access Evaluation: International Conference of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2010, Padua, Italy, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6360). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carating, R. B., Galanta, R. G., & Bacatio, C. D. (2014). Soils and the Philippine Economy. In R. G. Galanta & C. D. Bacatio (Eds.), The Soils of the Philippines (pp. 187–271). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 9). Camera Powered With Ambient Wi-Fi Signals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Smart Highways: An Assessment of Their Potential to Improve Travel (PEMD-91-18). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simone, P. S. (2012). A mixed methods study of culturally proficient practices in an elementary school [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. (2017, March 31). Early Spring Flowers. New York Times, RE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berger, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Berger, 2013; Sloan & Palmer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sloan & Palmer, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bains et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0735-7036
ISSN (online)1939-2087
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Psychology (miscellaneous)

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