How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jewkes, R. (2010). HIV/AIDS. Gender inequities must be addressed in HIV prevention. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5988), 145–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ha, S.-J., & Moon, J. H. (2014). In-situ fabrication of macroporous films for dye-sensitised solar cells: formation of the scattering layer and the gelation of electrolytes. Scientific Reports, 4, 5375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Derry, W. B., Putzke, A. P., & Rothman, J. H. (2001). Caenorhabditis elegans p53: role in apoptosis, meiosis, and stress resistance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 591–595.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kucharski, R., Maleszka, J., Foret, S., & Maleszka, R. (2008). Nutritional control of reproductive status in honeybees via DNA methylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1827–1830.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pascoe, N. (2011). Reliability Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eijk, R. M. van, Huget, M.-P., & Dignum, F. (Eds.). (2005). Agent Communication: International Workshop on Agent Communication, AC 2004, New York, NY, USA, July 19, 2004, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (Vol. 3396). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Michail, S., & Ng, M.-W. (2013). Inflammation, Microflora, Motility, and Visceral Sensitivity. In C. Faure, C. Di Lorenzo, & N. Thapar (Eds.), Pediatric Neurogastroenterology: Gastrointestinal Motility and Functional Disorders in Children (pp. 49–58). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 31). Another Dolphin Killed By Morons Dragging It From Sea To Take Photographs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Air Traffic Control: Information Concerning Equipment Outages at Two Kansas City Area Facilities (RCED-98-256R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, C. A. (2014). Teacher and Student Perceptions of Bullying at Leclaire School [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 8). Twins Deal Sends Colon To Minors. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jewkes, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ha & Moon, 2014; Jewkes, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ha & Moon, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Derry et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kucharski et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0735-7036
ISSN (online)1939-2087
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Psychology (miscellaneous)

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