How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielman, I. B. (2015). Physics. Assembling a complex quantum ensemble. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6231), 185–186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerszten, R. E., & Wang, T. J. (2008). The search for new cardiovascular biomarkers. Nature, 451(7181), 949–952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi, S., Li, H., & Poulos, T. L. (2013). Structural basis for effector control and redox partner recognition in cytochrome P450. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6137), 1227–1230.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Khazipov, R., Sirota, A., Leinekugel, X., Holmes, G. L., Ben-Ari, Y., & Buzsáki, G. (2004). Early motor activity drives spindle bursts in the developing somatosensory cortex. Nature, 432(7018), 758–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner, D. J. (2010). The ETF Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lopes, N. (2015). Machine Learning for Adaptive Many-Core Machines - A Practical Approach (B. Ribeiro, Ed.; Vol. 7). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Celikyilmaz, A., & Türksen, I. B. (2009). Modeling Uncertainty with Improved Fuzzy Functions. In I. B. Türksen (Ed.), Modeling Uncertainty with Fuzzy Logic: With Recent Theory and Applications (pp. 149–215). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 12). NASA Unveils New Mars Spacesuits. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Development and the Ability of the Department of the Interior To Administer Such a Program (096973). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudel, S. R. (2017). Models and Algorithms to Solve a Reliable and Congested Biomass Supply Chain Network Designing Problem under Uncertainty [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, February 24). Alicia Keys Is the Talk Of Her Old Neighborhood. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spielman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gerszten & Wang, 2008; Spielman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerszten & Wang, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Tripathi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Khazipov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0735-7036
ISSN (online)1939-2087
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Psychology (miscellaneous)

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