How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Passey, B. H. (2015). Geochemistry. Biogeochemical tales told by isotope clumps. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6233), 394–395.
A journal article with 2 authors
McConnell, J. R., & Barton, M. K. (2003). Botany. Leaf development takes shape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1328–1329.
A journal article with 3 authors
Udem, T., Holzwarth, R., & Hänsch, T. W. (2002). Optical frequency metrology. Nature, 416(6877), 233–237.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kohl, S. W., Weiner, L., Schwartsburd, L., Konstantinovski, L., Shimon, L. J. W., Ben-David, Y., … Milstein, D. (2009). Consecutive thermal H2 and light-induced O2 evolution from water promoted by a metal complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belsey, C. (2011). A Future for Criticism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Luo, Q., Li, L. Z., Harrison, D. K., Shi, H., & Bruley, D. F. (Eds.). (2016). Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXVIII (Vol. 923). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Keefe, A. (2015). An Organism of Words: Ekphrastic Poetry and the Pedagogy of Perception. In T. Lewis & M. Laverty (Eds.), Art’s Teachings, Teaching’s Art: Philosophical, Critical and Educational Musings (pp. 63–78). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 1). “Moonspike” Project Plans To Crash A Spacecraft Into The Lunar Surface. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). ICBM Modernization: Status of the Peacekeeper Rail Garrison Missile System (No. NSIAD-89-64). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randolph, J. L. (2017). A Mixed-Methods Investigation of FMS Shoulder Mobility and Reported Upper Body Injury in Collegiate Football Athletes at a Division II Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015, January 20). Living at Random. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Passey, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McConnell & Barton, 2003; Passey, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McConnell & Barton, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Udem, Holzwarth, & Hänsch, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kohl et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0735-7036
ISSN (online)1939-2087
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Psychology (miscellaneous)

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