How to format your references using the AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Mervis, 2001 BUDGET: Spending Bills Show No Sign of Surplus--Yet, Science. 289 (2000) 31.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.N. Lilley, H.L. Ploegh, A membrane protein required for dislocation of misfolded proteins from the ER, Nature. 429 (2004) 834–840.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.J. Rulifson, S.K. Kim, R. Nusse, Ablation of insulin-producing neurons in flies: growth and diabetic phenotypes, Science. 296 (2002) 1118–1120.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Muto, S. Tashiro, O. Nakajima, H. Hoshino, S. Takahashi, E. Sakoda, D. Ikebe, M. Yamamoto, K. Igarashi, The transcriptional programme of antibody class switching involves the repressor Bach2, Nature. 429 (2004) 566–571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Guillaume, Music and Acoustics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
Y. Yagi, S.B. Kang, I.S. Kweon, H. Zha, eds., Computer Vision – ACCV 2007: 8th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Tokyo, Japan, November 18-22, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Hanawa, Biofunctionalization of Metallic Materials: Creation of Biosis–Abiosis Intelligent Interface, in: K. Sasaki, O. Suzuki, N. Takahashi (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2014: Innovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015: pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics.

Blog post
T. Hale, 40,000-Year-Old Raven Bone Carving Suggests Neanderthals Were Artists, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges, and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.B. Corbets, Evaluating System Architecture Quality and Architecting Team Performance Using Information Quality Theory, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L.F. Burghardt, On the Curriculum, A Palette of Choices, New York Times. (2005) 14LI20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics
AbbreviationAKCE Int. J. Graphs Comb.
ISSN (print)0972-8600
ScopeDiscrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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