How to format your references using the AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Beall, Predatory publishers are corrupting open access, Nature. 489 (2012) 179.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.E. Evenson, D. Gollin, Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000, Science. 300 (2003) 758–762.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z.A. Wood, L.B. Poole, P.A. Karplus, Peroxiredoxin evolution and the regulation of hydrogen peroxide signaling, Science. 300 (2003) 650–653.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Hiramoto, Y. Hiromi, E. Giniger, Y. Hotta, The Drosophila Netrin receptor Frazzled guides axons by controlling Netrin distribution, Nature. 406 (2000) 886–889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Brendel, Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
S. Bassis, A. Esposito, F.C. Morabito, E. Pasero, eds., Advances in Neural Networks: Computational Intelligence for ICT, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M.F. Silva, J.A. Tenreiro Machado, A.M. Lopes, Integer vs. Fractional Order Control of a Hexapod Robot, in: P. de González Santos (Ed.), Climbing and Walking Robots: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference CLAWAR 2004, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 73–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics.

Blog post
T. Hale, Scientists Just Found This Weird Jellyfish Deep In The Pacific Ocean, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: GSA’s Estimates of FTS2001 Revenues Are Reasonable, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.C. Beeler, Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hodara, Where Art Is in the Air, and in the Ground, New York Times. (2013) WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics
AbbreviationAKCE Int. J. Graphs Comb.
ISSN (print)0972-8600
ScopeDiscrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

Other styles