How to format your references using the AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam, British chemists warned of impending stagnation, Nature. 421 (2003) 100.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Kumar, D.L. Vaux, Apoptosis. A cinderella caspase takes center stage, Science. 297 (2002) 1290–1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Q. Xiong, S. Mukherjee, T.S. Furey, GSAASeqSP: a toolset for gene set association analysis of RNA-Seq data, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. O’Hagan, C. Schaffrath, S.L. Cobb, J.T.G. Hamilton, C.D. Murphy, Biochemistry: biosynthesis of an organofluorine molecule, Nature. 416 (2002) 279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. “MAX” Maxfield, A. Brown, The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Y. Wang, T. Li, eds., Foundations of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Andersson, V. Gurvich, T.D. Hansen, On Acyclicity of Games with Cycles, in: A.V. Goldberg, Y. Zhou (Eds.), Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 5th International Conference, AAIM 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, June 15-17, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 15–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Astronomers Believe They’re Witnessing The Birth Of A New Planet, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Self-Sufficiency: Opportunities and Disincentives on the Road to Economic Independence, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.N. Starner, Expanding the Scope of Silyl Protecting Groups for Sialylation Reactions, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, M.W. Walsh, Leading Way, 2 Cities Pass Pension Cuts, New York Times. (2012) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAKCE International Journal of Graphs and Combinatorics
AbbreviationAKCE Int. J. Graphs Comb.
ISSN (print)0972-8600
ScopeDiscrete Mathematics and Combinatorics

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