How to format your references using the Tree Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berkley S (2015) Make vaccine coverage a key UN health indicator. Nature 526:165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gomberg J, Johnson P (2005) Seismology: dynamic triggering of earthquakes. Nature 437:830.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navrotsky A, Mazeina L, Majzlan J (2008) Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides. Science 319:1635–1638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu Y-C, Sohma Y, Takimoto S, Miyauchi T, Yasui M (2013) Direct visualization and quantitative analysis of water diffusion in complex biological tissues using CARS microscopy. Sci Rep 3:2745.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carne EB (2011) Connections for the Digital Age. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vesentini E (ed) (2011) Geometry of Homogeneous Bounded Domains. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao RV, Savsani VJ (2012) Applications of Hybrid Optimization Algorithms to the Unconstrained and Constrained Problems. In: Savsani VJ (ed) Mechanical Design Optimization Using Advanced Optimization Techniques. Springer, London, pp 123–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Epic Rap Battle: Isaac Newton vs. Bill Nye & Neil deGrasse Tyson. IFLScience. (30 October 2018, date last accessed ).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Civil Space: NASA’s Strategic Planning Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani M (2017) On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B (2017) Learning to Speak Al Jazeera. New York Times:SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berkley 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gomberg and Johnson 2005, Berkley 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gomberg and Johnson 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Physiology
AbbreviationTree Physiol.
ISSN (print)0829-318X
ISSN (online)1758-4469
ScopePlant Science

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