How to format your references using the Tree Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan H (2000) Governments prime basic nanotech research, applied activity yet to soar. Nature 408:619–620.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos A, Bamzai A (2005) Policy needs robust climate science. Nature 438:285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaeberlein M, Rabinovitch PS, Martin GM (2015) Healthy aging: The ultimate preventative medicine. Science 350:1191–1193.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miles LA, Crespi GAN, Doughty L, Parker MW (2013) Bapineuzumab captures the N-terminus of the Alzheimer’s disease amyloid-beta peptide in a helical conformation. Sci Rep 3:1302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waller FJ (2011) Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Croon JA (2005) Matching Properties of Deep Sub-Micron MOS Transistors Sansen W, Maes HE (eds). Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Yong C, Booth DC (2012) Seismic hazard and risk assessment. In: Booth DC (ed) The Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008: Anatomy of a Disaster. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 160–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) How Wolves Can Save an Ecosystem. IFLScience. (30 October 2018, date last accessed ).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Motor Carrier Academy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang T (2010) Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) Judging Draws Renewed Scrutiny. New York Times:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavaghan 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gavaghan 2000, Patrinos and Bamzai 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Patrinos and Bamzai 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Miles et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Physiology
AbbreviationTree Physiol.
ISSN (print)0829-318X
ISSN (online)1758-4469
ScopePlant Science

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