How to format your references using the Tree Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canfield D (2015) Robert A. Berner (1935-2015). Nature 518:484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vance SA, Sandros MG (2014) Zeptomole detection of C-reactive protein in serum by a nanoparticle amplified surface plasmon resonance imaging aptasensor. Sci Rep 4:5129.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu C, Shang X-D, Huang RX (2014) Horizontal eddy energy flux in the world oceans diagnosed from altimetry data. Sci Rep 4:5316.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maeda K, Teramura K, Lu D, Takata T, Saito N, Inoue Y, Domen K (2006) Photocatalyst releasing hydrogen from water. Nature 440:295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Godwin W (2013) International Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Andrica D (2009) Number Theory: Structures, Examples, and Problems Andreescu T (ed). Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Raz E, Tinelli E, D’Ambrosio F, Caramia F (2013) Intracranial Circulation. In: Catalano C, Anzidei M, Napoli A (eds) Cardiovascular CT and MR Imaging: From Technique to Clinical Interpretation. Springer, Milano, pp 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Physiology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Chimps Beat, Kill, And Eat The Former Leader Of Their Group In Brutal Attack. IFLScience. (30 October 2018, date last accessed ).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Interpretation of Continuing Education and Training Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulukkunat D (2008) Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2016) For the Record, a Conductor Talks With an Author. New York Times:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canfield 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vance and Sandros 2014, Canfield 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vance and Sandros 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeda et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Physiology
AbbreviationTree Physiol.
ISSN (print)0829-318X
ISSN (online)1758-4469
ScopePlant Science

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