How to format your references using the Tree Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstock JV (2012) Autoimmunity: The worm returns. Nature 491:183–185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dupont S, Pörtner H (2013) Marine science: get ready for ocean acidification. Nature 498:429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnarez C, Marrink SJ, Periole X (2013) Identification of cardiolipin binding sites on cytochrome c oxidase at the entrance of proton channels. Sci Rep 3:1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krishnamurthy J, Ramsey MR, Ligon KL, Torrice C, Koh A, Bonner-Weir S, Sharpless NE (2006) p16INK4a induces an age-dependent decline in islet regenerative potential. Nature 443:453–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty RA (2005) Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Savona EU, Stefanizzi S (eds) (2007) Measuring Human Trafficking: Complexities and Pitfalls. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Münstedt H, Schwarzl FR (2014) Linear Viscoelastic Deformation Behavior in Simple Shear. In: Schwarzl FR (ed) Deformation and Flow of Polymeric Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 121–187.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Shrinking Of Antarctic Ice Shelves Is Accelerating. IFLScience. (30 October 2018, date last accessed ).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghadimian V (2017) Renewable Energy Marketplace. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Steel E (2017) Fox News, Pledging New Culture, Ousts Another Symbol of Old One. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinstock 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Weinstock 2012, Dupont and Pörtner 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dupont and Pörtner 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Krishnamurthy et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Physiology
AbbreviationTree Physiol.
ISSN (print)0829-318X
ISSN (online)1758-4469
ScopePlant Science

Other styles