How to format your references using the Tree Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tree Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greeley JP (2012) Chemistry. Active site of an industrial catalyst. Science 336:810–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hager R, Johnstone RA (2003) The genetic basis of family conflict resolution in mice. Nature 421:533–535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giustino F, Cohen ML, Louie SG (2008) Small phonon contribution to the photoemission kink in the copper oxide superconductors. Nature 452:975–978.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee G, Abdi K, Jiang Y, Michaely P, Bennett V, Marszalek PE (2006) Nanospring behaviour of ankyrin repeats. Nature 440:246–249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartley J (2011) Digital Futures for Cultural and Media Studies. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bramer M, Petridis M, Coenen F (eds) (2009) Research and Development in Intelligent Systems XXV: Proceedings of AI-2008, the Twenty-eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Friberg T, Labriola L (2010) Wide-Field Imaging and Angiography. In: Holz FG, Spaide R (eds) Medical Retina: Focus on Retinal Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tree Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) NSFL: Botfly Removal From 5-Year-Old’s Eye. IFLScience.’s-eye/ (30 October 2018, date last accessed ).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Review of Training Grant Awarded to the University of California at Los Angeles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gibson JJ (2017) An Assessment of Factors Relating to High School Students’ Science Self-Efficacy. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) On Nassau Ballot, an Open-Space Bond Issue. New York Times:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greeley 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hager and Johnstone 2003, Greeley 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hager and Johnstone 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTree Physiology
AbbreviationTree Physiol.
ISSN (print)0829-318X
ISSN (online)1758-4469
ScopePlant Science

Other styles